Vol 24, No 1 (2019)

LITERARY CRITICISM
“Dionysus Hyperborean” by A. Blok: the esthetic strategy of an unrealized idea
Sarychev V.A.
Abstract

The article is devoted to a rough copy of the mystery play “Dionysus Hyperborean” composed by 1. Blok - a copy that has never been in the focus of researchers’ attention. Meanwhile this sketchy work, written just before the unveiling of his first lyrical play “Balaganchik”, helps the readers to grasp the essence of his esthetic strivings in dramatic for the author period. That was the period of transition from “strategy” of “Verses about a Fair Lady” inspired by religious Vl. Solovyov sophiology to “mystical realism” the first manifestation of which, as Blok himself stated, could be seen in the artistic method of the drama “Balaganchik”.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2019;24(1):7-15
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Receptive aesthetics of China’s image in poetry of K. Balmont
Porol P.V.
Abstract

The article describes receptive aesthetics of the image of China in the poetry of K. Balmont. New in the work is the hypothesis of coexistence in works of the poet of two principles - Logos and Tao. Texts have been found in Chinese, to which poet addresses. The original text have been identified, which became the basis for the creation of a poem by K. Balmont “Chinese sky”. The reasoning and conclusions of the author are based on critical studies comparing two cultures. Analysis of the poetic works of K. Balmont was carried out basing on the semantic aspect using the method of textual parallels. Study of the receptive aesthetics of the image of China in the poetry of K. Balmont allows us to come closer to the world outlook of the culture of the Silver Age from another side.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2019;24(1):16-26
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I.A. Bunin and S.N. Durylin: problems of creative dialogue
Korshunova E.A.
Abstract

The article is devoted to the consideration of the creative connections of I.A. Bunin and S.N. Durylin (1887-1954). In modern literary criticism, the question of studying the creative connections of S.N. Durylin and I.A. Bunin is urgent, which was not touched upon by the researchers. Although Durylin does not belong to the writers of emigration, in Russia he almost immediately finds himself in internal emigration: art works and scientific works were not published. This brought him closer to Bunin’s position. First of all, Durylin is interested in Bunin’s story “The Village”, in which the “Russian question” is touched. But, if in the story “Village” the writer does not fully accept the Bunin idea of Russia as a country of the wild and primeval, then in the “Life of Arseniev” the model of Russian life recreated by the author finds a response in Durylin’s creative consciousness. In the memoir book “In his corner” the author recreates the immanent image of Bunin’s native land. Brings together the writers of the perception of the revolution of 1917 as a “breakdown”, a catastrophe, a lyric narrative, a structureforming function of memory. However, if Bunin’s pre-revolutionary pictures of Russian life are the center of the narrative, then Durylin serves as a background (and a window into an ideal past), the focus of writers’ attention is the post-revolutionary process of the death of the healthy beginnings of Russian life, embodied in the form of snow.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2019;24(1):27-34
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“Miraculous realism” in Zaitsev’s, Shmelev’s, Bunin’s prose (in context of magical realism, fantastic realism, mystical realism, spiritual realism, etc.)
Gavrikov V.A.
Abstract

There are many terms that denote the invasion of the inexplicable into a realistic narrative, such as: magical realism, fantastic realism, mystical realism, spiritual realism, transcendental realism, metaphysical realism, Christian realism, etc. The author suggests the term “miraculous realism” to describe the realistic works in which there are miraculous (means associated with the category of something unbelievable) event inserts are present. Such miracles lead to obvious violations of the laws of nature and do not fit into the “scientific picture of the world”. “Miraculous realism” in Bunin’s prose, in Zaitsev’s and Shmelev’s autobiographical works, considered in comparison to Chekhov’s materialistic method.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2019;24(1):35-42
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“I don’t want to be the slave...” To the 80 anniversary since the birth of Venedikt Erofeyev
Troschinskaya-Stepushina T.E.
Abstract

On October 24, 2018 80 years since the birth of Venedikt Erofeyev - one of the most unusual Russian writers, thinkers and rebels of the XX century were executed. This article is devoted to identification and the description of the nature of creative intension of the writer. Besides, the stateof-the-art review of the main stages biographic and a career of V. Erofeyev is provided. It is proved that the main sense-forming milestones of the creative nature of the author are the following: sources (or injuries) which defined a drama vector of all course of life; gift as potentiality of the birth of creative energy; “madness” as original, original manifestation of identity and, at last, belief - a powerful moral and spiritual ancestor.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2019;24(1):43-53
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The image of the time in the book of S. Alexievich “Second-hand Time”: the originality of the artistic conflict
Gurska K., Kovalenko A.G.
Abstract

Fictional conflict in prose of S. Aleksievich is one of the instruments for presenting general image of the XXth century in its’ most tragic features. Thanks to the targeted selection of “human documents”, confessions of ordinary people, as well as due to the cyclically built composition, the author embodies in the book “Second-hand Time” the conflict of two eras - the Past and the Present and the two spaces of the Soviet Union and Russia. The acuteness of the artistic conflict embodied in the book is due to the appeal to the fate of individuals seeking to understand their place in history, to find justification for their ideals, or, conversely, to justify their rejection of the past. The author is an artist who proves his right to use a living “human document” as a material, to expand the possibilities of the document, and as a result to draw objective images of Time and Man, infused with a living human feeling.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2019;24(1):54-64
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Cycle “Travel from Russia” of A. Bitov as an artistic whole (structure and poetics)
Elrashid Ali M.A.
Abstract

The article attempts to consider the book by A. Bitov “Travel from Russia” as a fictional purpose and the “journey” feature as a genre of fiction. At the same time, the features of similarities and differences, the “creative evolution” in the writer’s stories, which reflect the author’s reflection on the spaces of the former Soviet Empire and its social connections, are considered. Constant study of the cultures of other nations helps the writer to create an overall artistic picture. As a result, the journey becomes for A. Bitov the process of existence (ontological principle).

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2019;24(1):65-72
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“The World, More or Less” by Jean Rouaud: between novel and autofiction
Siary G., Kosova Y.A.
Abstract

This article discusses theoretical approaches to autofiction - a new form of self-writing which spread in French literature from the 80s. The analysis of the autofictional device implemented in the novel “The World, More or Less” by Jean Rouaud produces evidence of the fact that the interlocking of fictionality and reality can express a subjective truth, the complexity and the unescapable dimension of the subject as I and translate an experience of life better than a factual narrative. J. Rouaud defines autofiction through an intertextual dialogue with J.-J. Rousseau’s “Confessions”, a text implicitly included within the novel’s text.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2019;24(1):73-83
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Women’s issue in Su Tong’s novel “Wives and Concubines”
Lobova A.A.
Abstract

The paper examines Su Tong’s novel “Wives and Concubines” as historical resource to study the position of women in the first quarter of the 20th century in China. Literature is accurate in assessing changes in mentality of society. The process of the women’s role transformation is the most complex and insufficiently studied issue still. The first part of the 20 century Xinhai Revolution overthrew the Qing dynasty and China had a great impact of Western culture. This is the era which the women’s movement also belongs. Even the novel “Wives and Concubines” author shows harsh reality of women from province, where the traditions, sexual politics, gender hierarchies, class are repressed them a lot. Within the narrative of novel women are abused by authority male culture. The Chinese revolution in 1911 didn’t change the main rules that govern society. There was still strong perception of power-related norms in people’s ideology about marriage, traditional role of women is linked to family, limiting the career development and ambitions. Women shall be defined as obedient and dependent in support their husbands even if they sacrifice their own careers.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2019;24(1):84-92
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JOURNALISM
“Museum as a medium” concept: problem setting
Desyaeva N.D., Ryazanova V.A.
Abstract

The article deals with the main tasks of modern museums and the intersection of these tasks with the activities of the mass media. Creative museum spaces are becoming part of the media space, which necessitates their new positioning and study within the framework of the scientific specialization “journalism (philological sciences)”. The authors consider the functionality of museums as a new medium of communication, identify the most successful forms of presenting information, identify criteria identical with new media for evaluating the effectiveness of museum content. The authors emphasize the importance of the “museum as a medium” concept in terms of cross-platform and digitalization.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2019;24(1):93-102
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Challenges to the mediatization of religion in Russia: towards a normative model
Khroul V.M.
Abstract

Examining the development of religious media in Russia for last decades, author states low academic interest to this field of study and finds two main challenges to religious media. The first is deeply rooted in the post-communist religiosity - mostly nominal than practicing, the second challenge is caused by low impact of religious values on Russian media system in general and Russian TV in particular. Values dialogue faces three general problems: a) lack of values consensus, b) lack of religious selfarticulation and c) low level of social dialogue in the public sphere. Supporting British scholar N. Couldry’s call to the models of normative debate, author proposes a normative model of religious institutions and media professionals dialogue optimization, based on “pluralism - dialogue - consensus” concept of J. Habermas. The proposed model is focused on the basic principles of transparency and availability of the well-articulated religious values in a public sphere and presumes certain expectations from the religious institutions and media professionals. If “operationalized” from theoretical level to practical empirical indicators, the model could serve as a tool, matrix, check-list for the evaluation of the present condition for dialogue between religion and media in particular society.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2019;24(1):103-108
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Humor as a tool of political discourse: from media personalities to candidates for the presidency
Zhadanova V.V., Shirobokov A.N.
Abstract

The research is concentrated on the increasing popularity of political context in humour if we take into account the state fragility, identified the manipulative properties of humorous content in general, as well in the research we have tried to evaluate the contribution that ridiculous things in speech make while shaping public opinion. Considering the changes in the sense of joke formation and formats of presenting content on TV by the leading production-company of Ukraine Studio “Quarter 95”, the authors concluded that both satirical and serious stand-ups or politically colored TV-series have a deep influence on the formation of civil position - the attitude towards the media person gains the nature of politically painted trust thanks to sharpness of reflection of real problems which disturb the population. By means of popular culture and television Vladimir Zelensky together with the group have opportunity to recite their citizenship. Above all, the result of the formation of public sentiments by the creative elite serves as a platform for electoral trust. The mentioned idea allows us to state that humor as a tool of political discourse is a weapon that gives visible results in the electoral campaign.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2019;24(1):109-116
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The municipal mass media in the Crimea media space structure
Egorova L.G.
Abstract

The article is devoted to the analysis of the Crimean information space features before the republic comprisal to the Russian Federation and the municipal printed mass media role in it in particular. The municipal mass media share in the Crimean information market and the coverage of the audience are considered in the article. It is pointed out that the municipal mass media remained one of the most popular sources of information due to the low level of the Internet prevalence as well as the habit of media consumption and considerable readers’ credit to the local newspapers. Informing the public about the activities of local authorities as well as explaining the provisions of the current legislation and normative legal acts may be considered, according to the author, the key functions entrusted to the Crimea municipal media. The author draws attention to the fact that the municipal media provide information about socially significant events in the Crimea. The study specifies the features of information processing and presentation by creative collectives of municipal newspapers. In particular, newspapers genre palette is characterized by the predominance of informational and literary publicistic genres.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2019;24(1):117-126
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Genre and functional features of Kyrgyz Public Radio and Television Corporation activity (on the example of the first radio station “Kyrgyz Radiosu”)
Sultanova Z.O., Toktonazarova O.M.
Abstract

The article examines the genre composition of the broadcasts of the Kyrgyz Public Radio and Television Corporation (KTRK) in the Soviet, post-Soviet and modern periods of time. The analysis is performed on the example of the first radio station of Kyrgyzstan “Kyrgyz Radiosu”, which is part of KTRK. The study is based on the collection and analysis of statistical data on the composition of program blocks and genres of “Kyrgyz Radiosu”.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2019;24(1):127-133
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Particular qualities of press in Transjordan and Arabian Peninsula between World War I and World War II
Malakhovsky A.K., Fakeer A.
Abstract

The article analyzed particular qualities of press in Transjordan and Arabian Peninsula which was making its first steps during the period of transition from Ottoman influence to British colonial dependency marked by formation of modern territorial configuration for the states of the region. At present the region attracts particular attention of the world mass media. Authors underscore peculiarities of Hashemite Transjordan’s press, as well as of that of Saudi Arabia, of North Yemen monarchy and of South Yemen colonized by Great Britain. The authors conclude that the press of the region is decades behind the press of advanced Arab states.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2019;24(1):134-140
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REVEWS
The revolutionary generation on the pass eras (review of the scientific monograph: Ovcharenko A.Yu. Coevals. Commonwealth writers of the revolution “Pereval” [Passage] in the social and literary process of the 1920-1930-ies. Moscow: Ekon-Inform, 2018. 322 p.)
Soldatkina Y.V.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2019;24(1):141-145
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New book on the Russia children literature in Czechia (review of the monography: Kudrjavceva Malenova Eva. The Literary Tale in the Individual Style of Gennadiy Tziferov in the Context of the Czech Reception of Children and Youth Literature in the Second Half of the XX Century. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2017. 182 p.)
Chelyukanova O.N.
Abstract
The review touches upon the problems which are formulated and solved by Eva Kudrjavceva Malenova in her scientific study “The Literary Tale in the Individual Style of Gennadiy Tziferov in the context of the Chech Reception of Children and Youth Literature in the Second Half of the XX Century”. The importance of scientific research, originality, well-based arguments of the author’s position, the valuability and novelty of material are underlined in the review.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2019;24(1):146-150
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Chronicle
Philologists and mathematics: setting-up the interaction (on the prospects of the interdisciplinary approach in the development of situation modeling computer systems for solving media problems)
Kalyan V.P., Kadyrova S.N.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2019;24(1):151-155
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Chingiz Aitmatov and culture of peace: to intellectual and moral-spiritual dialogue
Chulkina N.L., Kasymalieva K.E.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2019;24(1):156-160
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