Buffoonery in the Speech of the Character and the Issue of Historical Form in the Novel The Winter of Our Discontent by J. Steinbeck

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Abstract


The intention is to explain some aspects of hybridization of language consciousness in this literary work. The aim of the study is to clarify the issue of a word in the novel, which was updated by M.M. Bakhtin. The general thesis is that the tendency to hybridization explains the juxtaposition of serious and funny within the character’s utterance: the border between prosaic reality and the character’s own world is found precisely when he turns to jokes. The speech of the character indicates a tendency to aestheticize the household environment. This trend leads to a high-intensity hybridization of everyday words and Holy Scripture . The novel The Winter of Our Discontent is more than a didactic literary work and reveals some features of the picaresque novel, but the necessary feature of the picaresque novel is the first-person narrative. Instead of this form of narration the character and the narrator’s points of view are brought closer together in the novel by J. Steinbeck. The literary work with the features of the picaresque novel remains multidimensional and does not reduce only to one of the existing novel forms, and typologically is rather anti-picaresque. The character’s buffoonery gives him the right to detachment, due to which the skewed nature of other characters in the novel is overcome. The language hybridization in this work plays a key role in understanding of the novel.


About the authors

Kapitalina V. Sinegubova

Kemerovo State University

Author for correspondence.
Email: sinegubova@nextmail.ru
6 Krasnaya St., Kemerovo, 650000, Russian Federation

Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor at the Department of Journalism and Russian Literature of the XX century

Anastasia A. Aksenova

Kemerovo State University

Email: AA9515890227@yandex.ru
6 Krasnaya St., Kemerovo, 650000, Russian Federation

Master of Philosophy, lecturer and researcher in the field of linguistics and literary studies (programme of study “Theory of literature. Textology”), lecturer of the Department of Journalism and Russian Literature of the XX Century

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