Spatial and temporal organization of the story of I.A. Bunin “Cold Autumn”

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Abstract


This article is an analysis of the chronotope in I.A. Bunin’s story “Cold Autumn”. From the point of view of the spatio-temporal organization, this text is built quite unusually: it is clearly divided into three parts, each of which has its own characteristic. Time in the story is presented non-linearly, it flows at different speeds - the description of one evening of characters is as detailed as possible and takes two-thirds of the story, and the rest of the heroine’s life is only one-third. In general, the story is built retrospectively and is focused on the memories of the heroine, therefore, many dates are given indirectly. The space in the story is based on the contrast between a detailed description of the estate and the locus of the house and an abstract enumeration of the heroine’s multiple movements abroad. This detailed description of the events taking place in Russia and the abstraction of space and time abroad may be related to the author’s personal experience: “Cold Autumn” which was created in exile bears the imprint of Bunin’s longing and nostalgia for the lost Homeland. In this study, the spatio-temporal organization of the story “Cold Autumn” is fitted into the context of I.A. Bunin’s works and is also compared with the concept of the chronotope presented by B. Pasternak in the novel “Doctor Zhivago”.


About the authors

Zou Wenyao

Lanzhou University

Author for correspondence.
Email: zouwenyao@mail.ru
No. 222 South Tianshui Road, Lanzhou, 730000, People’s Republic of China

Ph.D., lecturer of College of Foreign Languages

References

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  2. Nikolina, N.A. (n.d.). Filologicheskij analiz teksta [Philological analysis of the text]: textbook. Retrieved February 3, 2020 from http://www.xliby.ru/literaturovedenie/ filologicheskii_analiz_teksta_uchebnoe_posobie/index.php
  3. Bunin, I.A. (2019). Temnye allei [Dark alleys]. Moscow, Eksmo Publ.
  4. Il'inova, A.I., Milevskaya, T.E., & Rogova, K.A. (1993). Sintaksicheskie osobennosti rasskaza I.A. Bunina “Holodnaya osen'” [Syntactic features of I.A. Bunin's tale “Cold autumn”]. Hudozhestvennyj tekst: struktura, yazyk, stil' [Artistic text: structure, language, style] (pp. 10–77). Saint Petersburg, SPbGU Publ.
  5. Rachkova, E.G. (1993). Osobennosti hronotopa v rasskaze [Features of the chronotope in the story]. Hudozhestvennyj tekst: struktura, yazyk, stil' [Artistic text: structure, language, style] (p. 13). Saint Petersburg, SPbGU Publ.

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