The British Weekly: a case study of British propaganda to the Soviet Union during World War II

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Abstract


The research investigates a publishing history of the Britansky Souyznik (British Ally) weekly (further - British Weekly) in Russian language, which was published in the Soviet Union by the UK Ministry of Information in the Second World War years and to 1950. This newspaper published reports from fronts where British troops fought against Nazi Germany and its allies, articles on British-Soviet military cooperation, materials about British science, industry, agriculture, and transport, reports on people’s life in the UK, historical background of British Commonwealth countries, cultural and literature reviews. British Weekly circulation in the USSR was 50,000 copies. The main method used for the research was the study of the newspaper’s materials, as well as the propaganda concepts of its editorial board and their influence on the audience. The researched materials are from archives of the Soviet Foreign Ministry as well as of the UK Ministry of Information and Political Warfare Executive (1940-1945), declassified by the British Government only in 2002, on the basis of which an independent analysis is conducted. The British Weekly played a bright role in the formation of techniques and methods of British foreign policy propaganda to Soviet public opinion in 1942-1945. Results of the research indicates that the British government launched foreign policy propaganda to the USSR immediately after breaking-out of World War II and used the experience of the British Weekly for psychological warfare in the Cold War years.


About the authors

Elena A. Kotelenets

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Author for correspondence.
Email: kotelenets-ea@rudn.ru
10 Miklukho-Maklaya St., bldg. 2, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Department of Russian History, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia

Maria Yu. Lavrenteva

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: mlavrentyeva@yandex.ru
10 Miklukho-Maklaya St., bldg. 2, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

postgraduate student, Department of Mass Communications, Philological Faculty, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia

References

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Copyright (c) 2019 Kotelenets E.A., Lavrenteva M.Y.

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