DESPARATE ROMANTICS: THE EVOLUTION OF HADES AND PERSEPHONE’S MYTH FROM ANCIENT GREEKS TO PRE-RAFAELITES AND A. BELIY

Cover Page

Abstract


The myth about Hades and Persephone is analyzed in this article as an archetypical pattern, “characters’ structural precondition”. The pattern was widely used by artists and writers throughout the history of humankind. The paper is based on Homeric Hymn to Demeter, Metamorphoses by Ovid and a novel written by A. Beliy The Baptized Chinaman. Additional resources are the Renaissance and the Pre-Raphaelites art masterpieces and psychological work by C.G. Jung and С. Kerenyi Essays on a Science of Mythology. Methods such as comparative, mythological, psychological and linguistic analysis are applied in the paper. Cultural and philosophical ground of Hades and Persephone’s archetypes is examined. The most important characteristic among others is highly controversial relationship between gods and ambivalence of their characters, which demands a link component (mediator) to resolve the conflict. Pomegranate seeds are used as such symbolic mediators in the myth and a child narrator - in A. Beliy’s novel. The representation and embodiment of Hades’ archetype is Michael Letaev, while Kotik’s mother possesses Persephone’s traits. Plot allusions were distinguished and linguistic comparisons were made to prove the notion that neomyth about Hades and Persephone became the source of A. Beliy’s “desperate symbolism”. This neomyth contains archetypical motives and images which help Beliy to cross the line between reality and the world of unconscious, between words and symbols.


About the authors

Nataliya Olegovna Kononova

Institute of International Law and Economy of A.S. Griboedov

Author for correspondence.
Email: nataliyaolkon@mail.ru
21, Enthusiastov Highway, Moscow, 111024, Russian Federation

postgraduate of Department of Journalism History and Literature of the Institute of International Law and Economy of A.S. Griboedov

Olesya Ravilievna Temirshina

Institute of International Law and Economy of A.S. Griboedov

Email: olesja@temirshina.ru
21, Enthusiastov Highway, Moscow, 111024, Russian Federation

doctor of philology, professor of Department of Journalism History and Literature of the Institute of International Law and Economy of A.S. Griboedov

References

  1. Mints Z.G. O nekotorykh neomifologicheskikh tekstakh v tvorchestve russkikh simvolistov [About Certain Neomythological Texts in Russian Symbolists’ Works]. Poetika russkogo simvolizma [Russian Symbolism’s Poetics]. St. Petersburg: Iskusstvo-SPB, 2004. Pp. 59—96. (In Russ).
  2. Mints Z.G. Ponyatiye teksta i simvolistskaya estetika [The notion of text and symbolist aesthetics]. Poetika russkogo simvolizma [Russian Symbolism’s Poetics]. St. Petersburg: Iskusstvo-SPB, 2004. Pp. 97—103. (In Russ).
  3. Homeric Hymn to Demeter. O proiskhozhdenii bogov [The genealogy of Gods]. Moscow: Sov. Rossiya, 1990. 320 p. (In Russ).
  4. Ovid. Metamorphoses. Saint Petersburg: Vita Nova, 2003. 512 p. (In Russ).
  5. Jung C.G. Dusha i mif. Shest’ arkhetipov [The Soul and The Myth. Six Archetypes]. Minsk: Kharvest, 2004. 400 p. (In Russ).
  6. Hesiod. The Theogony. O proiskhozhdenii bogov [The genealogy of the Gods]. Moscow: Sov. Rossiya, 1990. 320 p. (In Russ).
  7. Temirshina O.R. Tipologiya simvolizma: Andrei Belyi i sovremennaya poeziya: monografiya [Typology of Symbolism: Andrey Bely and Modern Poetry]. Moscow: IMPE im. A.S. Griboedova, 2012. 290 p.
  8. Beliy A. Collected works. Kotik Letaev. The Baptized Chinaman. Notes of an Eccentric. Moscow: Respublika, 1997. 543 p. (In Russ).
  9. Kun N.A. Mify Drevnei Gretsii [Greek Myths]. Moscow: AST: Astrel’, 2006. 622 p. (In Russ).
  10. Trofimov V.A. Poetika avtobiograficheskoi prozy Andreya Belogo: struktura simvolicheskogo obraza i ritmika povestvovaniya: «Kotik Letaev», «Kreshchenyi kitaets», «Zapiski chudaka» [Poetics of A. Bely’s Autobiographical Prose. The Structure of a Symbolic Image and the Rhythm of Prose. Kotik Letaev. The Baptized Chinaman. Notes of an Eccentric]: avtoref. diss. … kand. filol. nauk. Moscow, 2008. 23 p. (In Russ).
  11. Kozhevnikova N.A. Yazyk Andreya Belogo [Andrey Bely’s Language]. Moscow: Institut russkogo yazyka RAN, 1992. 256 p. (In Russ).
  12. Glukhova E.V. «Posvyatitel’nyi mif» v biografii i tvorchestve Andreya Belogo [The Initiatory Myth in Autobiography and Creative Works of A. Bely]: avtoref. diss.. kand. filol. nauk. RGTU. Moscow, 1998. 24 p. (In Russ).
  13. Berberova N.N. The Italics are Mine. Moscow: Soglasie, 1999. 736 p. (In Russ).
  14. Spivak M. Belyi-tantsor i Belyi-evritmist [Bely as a Dancer and an Eurythmist]. Andrei Belyi: avtobiografizm i biograficheskie praktiki: Sbornik statei. Saint Petersburg: Nestor-Istoriya, 2015. Pp. 116—162. (In Russ).

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 1528

PDF (Russian) - 579

Cited-By


PlumX

Dimensions


Copyright (c) 2018 Kononova N.O., Temirshina O.R.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies