Исследование межкультурной идентичности рома-словацких школьников в Великобритании

Обложка

Аннотация


Среди большого количества трудов, посвященных народности рома, сравнительно мало тех, в которых можно «услышать» голоса ее представителей. В данном исследовании, проведенном в русле межкультурной коммуникации, анализируется восприятие идентичности четырех рома-словацких школьников в возрасте 13-14 лет, живущих в Великобритании и обучающихся в государственной школе. Интервью с ними были посвящены роли языка в конструировании их идентичности, восприятии «чужих» и природе потенциальных конфликтов. В результате качественного анализа было выделено пять ведущих тем: восприятие идентичности «чужими», адаптивность, устремления, самовосприятие и конфликт. Исследование показало, что идентичности участников более динамичны, нежели считалось при традиционном бинарном подходе (McGarry & Agarin 2014). Существует устойчивая тенденция приписывать представителям рома порицаемые черты, основанные на их этнической принадлежности. В центре самовосприятия рома - их этническая и национальная идентичность.

Лаура Хриниевич

laurahryniewicz@hotmail.com
Лондонский университет 26 Russell Square, WC1B 5DQ Лондон, Великобритания

Жан-Марк Деваеле

j.dewaele@bbk.ac.uk
Лондонский университет 26 Russell Square, WC1B 5DQ Лондон, Великобритания

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© Хриниевич Л., Деваеле Ж., 2017

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