Judicial practice in the law reality of Russia: experience of a comprehensive research

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Abstract


The legal nature of judicial practice in the context of legal reality is investigated through prism of phenomenological and axiological analysis. The purpose of the research is to form scientifically proved knowledge of the place and judicial practice role in the legal reality. Methodology is based on complex use of postclassical methods of investigation: integrative approach allows combining within the category both activity of courts on ensuring justice and gained experience. The findings are as follows. Judicial practice is analyzed as a part of social and legal practice. It shows organic unity of knowledge, activity and result. Judicial practice promotes formation of uniform rules of interpretation, formulation of legal norms and decision making in similar situations/cases that removes ambiguity in understanding of norms and clarity of their content. Correlation of ordinary, professional and doctrinal understanding of law as well as rapprochement of social expectations and judicial consciousness, which provide legitimacy to legislation and judiciary practice, is ensured. Conclusions are as follows. Judicial practice covers activity of judicial bodies in administering justice, taking in different values - pragmatist, organizational, logic-intellectual, and formal-legal in a combination of experience generalizations. Due to this, the feedback system between legal norms and individual acts that is reflected in actual formation of models of interpretation and realization of norms, and finally leads to refining legislation is ensured. Judicial practice, thereby, harmonizes legal reality, providing rapprochement of valuable orientations of addressees and senders of law communication.


About the authors

Andrey V. Skorobogatov

Kazan Innovation University named after V.G. Timiryasova (IEML)

Author for correspondence.
Email: av.skorobogatov@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9139-5367
42 Moscow str., Kazan, 420111, Russian Federation

Doctor of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Full Professor of the Department of Theory of State and Law and Public Legal Disciplines

Alexandr V. Krasnov

Kazan branch of the Russian State University of Justice

Email: field08@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9934-4975
7a 2nd Azinskaya str., Kazan, 420088, Russian Federation

Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Theory and History of the Law and State

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