Urgent applications in French administrative justice

Cover Page

Abstract


The institute of urgent judicial decisions is a special procedure for administrative justice bodies in France, which allows to prescribe effectively and quickly a wide range of necessary measures (from the appointment of expert examinations to the suspension of normative administrative acts) and to protect the legitimate interests of individuals and organizations. There are two main categories of urgent judicial decisions, accordingly their functional purpose. The procedural features of urgent judicial decisions are related to the obligation of the French administrative courts to establish conditions for urgency and the need to prescribe certain measures as a matter of urgency. These criteria, being evaluative, are specified by the jurisprudence of the French administrative courts, according to which the judge determines whether there is a threat of causing “immediate” and “sufficiently serious” harm to the interests of the applicant and whether there is a need to take urgent measures, taking into account the circumstances of the case. At the same time, the urgent applications judge does not consider the case, but sets temporary measures that can be changed in the course of further proceedings. The article suggests creating mechanisms in Russian law that are similar to those existing in the French legal regulation of urgent judicial decisions in administrative cases. In particular, the author suggests expanding the powers of Russian courts to suspend normative administrative acts and individual decisions when courts take measures of preliminary protection in administrative claims.


About the authors

Stepan E. Zvyagintsev

Federal Treasury

Author for correspondence.
Email: stepan-zvyagintsev@mail.ru
SPIN-code: 9511-4745
6/1 Bol'shoy Zlatoustinskiy pereulok, Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation

deputy section head, the IT-Infrastructure Department, central office

References

  1. Beshe-Golovko, K. & Talapina, Je.V. (eds.) (2019) French Code of Administrative Justice. Moscow, Prospekt Publ. (in Russian).
  2. Bobotov, S.V. (1994) Justice in France (textbook). Moscow, ЕАВ Publ. (in Russian).
  3. Bonichot, J.-C., Cassia, P. & Poujade, B. (2011) Les Grands arrêts du contentieux administratif [Major judgments in administrative litigation]. 3ème édition. Paris: Editions Dalloz. (in French).
  4. Borisov, A.N. & Lagvilava, R.P. (2018) Commentary to the Code of Administrative Judicial Procedure of the Russian Federation of March 8, 2015 No. 21-FZ (article-by-article, 2nd ed., reissue and add.). Moscow, Justicinform Publ. (in Russian).
  5. Chabanol, D. (2001) Code de justice administrative (annoté et commenté). 6ème édition. Paris, Editions Le Moniteur. (in French).
  6. Chapus, R. (2008) Droit du contentieux administratif. 13ème édition. Paris, Editions Montchrestien. (in French).
  7. Glodina, A.V. (2018) The active role of the court in administrative proceedings in the application of precautionary measures. Journal of the administrative proceedings. (2), 56-58. (in Russian).
  8. Kassia, P. (2011) Implied Decisions in the French Administrative Law. In: Khabrieva T.Ya. & Marku J. (eds.). Administrative Procedures and Control in the Light of European Experience. Moscow, Statut Publ. pp. 194-219. (in Russian).
  9. Kotlyarova, V.V. (2020) On Pre-Trial Defense Measures against an Administrative Claim in Administrative Proceedings. Court’s Administrator. (1), 16-20. (in Russian).
  10. Luparev, E.B. (2015) The relevance and proportionality of the measures of provisional protection in administrative complaint. Proceedings of Voronezh State University. Series: Law. 3 (22), 97-103. (in Russian).
  11. Monsembernard, M.S. (2020) Référés d'urgence: le référé-liberté. In: Répertoire de contentieux administratif. Available at: https://www.dalloz.fr [Accessed 20th June 2020]. (in French).
  12. Nikitin, S.V. (2016) Issues of Legal Regulation of Judicial Compliance Assessment of Legality of Regulatory Legal Documents. Russian Justice. (S1), 162-172. (in Russian).
  13. Stahl, J.-H., Boulouis, N., Dacosta, B., Polge, N., Lascombe, M. & Vandendriessche, X. (2019) Code de justice administrative (annoté et commenté) [Code of administrative justice (annotated and commented)]. 4ème édition. Paris, Editions Dalloz. (in French).
  14. Starilov, M.Ju. (2017) Preliminary protection measures for an administrative claim as a new Processual Legal Institute: from the Civil Process to the administrative. Journal of the administrative proceedings. (1), 70-80. (in Russian).
  15. Starilov, M.Ju. (2018) Effectiveness of the institution of measures of preliminary protection in administrative proceedings: statement of the problem, conditions and criteria of application, judicial practice. Proceedings of Voronezh State University. Series: Law. 2 (33), 176-188. (in Russian).
  16. Starilov, M.Ju. (2019) “View” of Judges of Institute of Measures of Preliminary Protection in Administrative Legal Proceedings: Experience of Operation of the Code of Administrative Legal Proceedings of the Russian Federation. Proceedings of Voronezh State University. Series: Law. 1 (36), 140-149. (in Russian).
  17. Starilov, M.Ju. (2020) Preliminary Protection Measures in Administrative Proceedings in General Jurisdiction Courts. Author. dis. ... of Candidate of Legal Science. Nizhny Novgorod. (in Russian).
  18. Sokolov, A.Ju. & Lakaev, O.A. (2015) Legal Regulation Preliminary Measures of Protection in Administrative Lawsuit. Proceedings of Voronezh State University. Series: Law. 4 (23), 183-189. (in Russian).
  19. Vandermeeren, R. (2000) Commentaire de la loi № 2000-597 du 30 juin 2000 relative au référé devant les juridictions administratives. In: Actualité Juridique Droit Administratif. Available at: https://www.dalloz.fr [Accessed 23rd June 2020]. (in French).
  20. Yarkov, V.V. (ed.) (2016) Commentary on the Code of Administrative Procedure of the Russian Federation (article-by-article, scientific and practical). Moscow, Statut Publ. (in Russian).
  21. Yastrebov, O.A. (2016) Provisional remedies as the concept of administrative legal proceedings. Administrative law and procedure. (12), 13-18. (in Russian).
  22. Zelentsov, A.B. & Yastrebov, O.A. (2017) Judicial Administrative Law: Textbook for University Students Enrolled in the Specialty “Jurisprudence”. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Law Institute. Moscow, Statut Publ. (in Russian).
  23. Zvyagintsev, S.E. (2014) Principles for determining the jurisdiction of administrative courts in France. State and Law. (2), 106-108. (in Russian).

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 80

PDF (Russian) - 80

Cited-By


PlumX

Dimensions

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Zvyagintsev S.E.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies