WOMAN BEFORE THE JURY COURT IN THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE (REVISITING THE GENDER EQUALITY PRINCIPLE)

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Abstract


This work presents implementation of the gender equality principle in the criminal proceed-ings of the Russian empire on the basis of the Judicial Statutes of 1864, official statistics materials of the Ministry of Justice, jury members’ documents of private origin, documentary narratives about courts, and folklore. The authors analyse and interpret statistical data on females and males acquitted and convicted by the jury court and the crown court. This work draws the following main conclusions: 1) in spite of the enforceable and officially declared equality of all subjects before the court, only men administered justice in the jury court, and the people’s legal consciousness and the settled judicial practice did not allow another situation to develop; 2) the fact that only men were jury mem-bers brought about the situation in which the jury court was less repressive to women than to men. As for crown judges, the percentage of women convicted by them was, on the contrary, generally more than that of men. Therefore, the proceedings of jury courts in the Russian empire actually breached the gender equality principle.


About the authors

Alexey A. Demichev

Nizhny Novgorod academy of the Ministry of internal affairs of Russia

Author for correspondence.
Email: aadem@bk.ru
3, Ankudinovskoye shosse, 603950, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia

doctor of sciences (law), candidate of sciences (history), professor, honorary worker of higher professional education of the Russian Federation, professor, Department of civil law and procedure

Vera A. Ilyukhina

Academy of Law and Management of the Federal Service for Execution of Sentences

Email: eva3011@bk.ru
1, Sennaya, 390000, Ryazan, Russia

candidate of sciences (law), assistant professor, assistant professor of Chair of Theory of State and Law, International and European Law

References

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Copyright (c) 2020 Demichev A.A., Ilyukhina V.A.

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