ISLAM AND GENETICS: RELIGIOUS, ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES

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Abstract


The rapid development and achievements of science and technology provides people to improve their lives. Over the past 10 years, genetic researches have grown significantly. Today they are the subject of debate not only by doctors, lawyers, but also theologians. Currently, legislation of countries in Middle East regulates genomics and genetic research differently. Countries are having orient towards religion and therefore pay more attention in these countries to the ethical regulators of Islam besides only legal regulation of genomics (humans, animals, plants, i.e. all living things). Ethical standards are gradually becoming legal norms. In some countries of the Middle East, there are draft laws on the legal regulation of genetics; in some countries given attention in the legal acts of executive authorities in genomics sphere, and in some, have been developed local acts of leading medical centers. A number of eastern countries are also highlighted, in the legislation of which some aspects of the legal regulation of genetic research act as legislative novels. In the most economically developed Middle Eastern countries, genetics is one of the priority programs of the state, in particular, there are national strategic programs for the development of countries already use of modern methods of genome sequencing, bioinformatics, and validation methods. Many Middle Eastern countries have ratified international acts in genetic research and on issues related to their regulation. In addition, Islamic states have developed an independent concept of genomics regulation, taking into account the attitudes of the fundamental sources of Islamic law. Based on the read material of the article, the reader learns about the legal, ethical and legal regulation in the field of genomics of Middle Eastern Islamic states.


About the authors

Ramilya G. Novikova

Lomonosov Moscow State University; Moscow Witte University

Author for correspondence.
Email: rgnovikova@mail.ru
SPIN-code: 8764-5169
bldg. 13, 1 Leninskie Gory, 119991, Moscow, Russia; 12, 2-nd Kozhukhovsky proezd, 115432, Moscow, Russia

Candidate of Legal Sciences, Expert of the Center for religious and legal studies, Islamic law Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Associate Professor of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law of Moscow Witte University

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