THE CONCEPT OF LEGAL IDEOLOGY AND ITS PLACE WITHIN THEORETICAL LEGAL KNOWLEDGE

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Abstract


The article is dedicated to revealing the nature of legal ideology, defining the quality of current academic research on the concept of legal ideology in contemporary theory of law, evaluating the corre-lation between the concept of legal ideology and the concept of legal doctrine. The article is purported to elaborate on the concept of legal ideology and to define its place in the system of theoretical legal concepts, its’ correlation with the concept of legal doctrine. Methodological basis of current research is formed by general scientific procedures such as analy-sis and synthesis, deductive and inductive reasoning, which allowed author to define the correlation of theoretical concepts. Some elements of system approach were also used in the present research with purpose of identifying the systematic qualities of legal ideology, its’ functions in the legal system. As a result of current research author expressed his understanding of the nature of legal ideology, defined the concept of legal ideology and evaluated the current state of scientific research in contempo-rary theoretical jurisprudence, revealed the foundations of legal ideology and defined its’ functions in legal system. Legal ideology is examined by an author as integral, possessing internal unity, mechanism of in-fluence of the system of ideas created on the basis of philosophical or religious doctrines on public, group and individual legal consciousness with the purpose of legitimation (delegitimation) of the sys-tem of positive law, legal practice, reinforcing unity and reproduction of the legal system by means of transformation of legal ideas into the normative mindset of addressee and forming the corresponding models of legal behavior. Legal ideology has functional nature; it is designed to present in conscious-ness of an addressee certain values as true, self-evident, natural and universal and to define the percep-tion of legal reality and model of legal behavior corresponding to such values. Legal ideology produces and reproduces legal reality (legal ideas, norms and the relations) and expresses it in the form of mental structures inseparably linked with the ideas of justice, measure (norm), freedom, equality, order and the law.


Anton M Mikhailov

Principal contact for editorial correspondence.
antonmikhailov@hotmail.com
Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation Institute of Law and National Security; Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences 84, Prospect Vernadskogo, Moscow, Russia, 119571; 10, Znamenka st., Moscow, Russia, 119019

Mikhailov Anton M. - Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of History of State and Law, Institute of Law and National Security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation; Research Fellow, Sector of Theory of Law and State, Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

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