Visegrad Group and Relations with Russia

Cover Page

Abstract


This article refers to the Central European countries by meaning the Visegrad Group countries (V4) - Hungary, Czech Republic, Poland, and Slovakia. The development of the Visegrad Group aimed on integration to the Euro-Atlantic structures fulfilled its promise, nevertheless, the membership in Western structures does not necessarily mean the loss of Russian influence in the region of Central Europe. On the contrary, the region’s connection to Russia developed in the past remained to some extent even after the process of political transition in particular countries. Such connections are responsible for foreign policy discourse with a plethora of questions and misunderstandings on issues related to the political attitudes of Visegrad members towards Russia and some contradictory stances of the V4 countries among themselves as well with respect to Brussels. The EU’s politics of sanctions towards Russia is having a direct, counterproductive effect in Visegrad, what is resulting in undermined relations and weakened coherence inside the EU with the emergence of anti-Western and pro-Russian political parties that creates the space for Russian foreign policy to achieve more influence in the region. This article is analyzing the background of such discourse and some of the reasons behind the pro-Russian sentiment or discrepancies and non-coherence of the EU members’ opinions on Russia. At the same time, the awareness of the outcomes of this article can be relevant in analyzing the possibilities to avoid the deepening of the conflictual foreign policy between the EU and Russia, or the Visegrad and Russia, respectively. The research is built on both, primary and secondary sources, related mainly to the evolution of relations in specific areas between both sides. The mentioned historical perspective creates the basis of the analysis and is further put into contemporary discourse to find the answers on the question: what are the reasons for non-coherence of the EU and Visegrad towards the policy against Russia? To achieve the above-mentioned results, the analysis is provided in chronological perspective using the mixed methods by exploring the official documents, scholarly articles published on the topic, and public polls as well.

About the authors

Radovan Višňovský

Saint-Petersburg State University

Email: visnovskyr@gmail.com
St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
PhD student, International Relations and World Politics programme

References

  1. Blank, S. (1998). Russia, NATO Enlargement, and the Baltic States. World Affairs, 160 (3), 115-125.
  2. Cabada, L. (2018). The Visegrad Cooperation in the Context of Other Central European Cooperation Formats. Politics in Central Europe, 14 (2), 165-179. doi: 10.2478/pce-2018-0014
  3. Cameron, D. & Orenstein, M. (2013). Post-Soviet Authoritarianism: The Influence of Russia in Its “Near Abroad”. Post-Soviet Affairs, 28 (1), 1-44. doi: 10.2747/1060-586X.28.1.1
  4. Dangerfield, M. (2012). Visegrad Co-operation and Russia. Journal of Common Market Studies, 50 (6), 958-974. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-5965.2012.02295.x
  5. Dangerfield, M. (2015). Economic Relations between Visegrad Group Countries and Russia: How Much Has Changed? EUSA Fourteenth Biennial Conference, 5-7 March. URL: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/ 3c4a/b82c63fa56f9719920f995e7f463c6cf566e.pdf?_ga=2.83412502.182790737.1581971339-1630200980. 1581971339 (accessed: 25.11.2019)
  6. Dostal, V. (2015). Trends of Visegrad Foreign Policy. Prague: Association for International Affairs. P. 1-69. URL: http://www.amo.cz/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/Trends-of-Visegrad-foreign-policy.pdf (accessed: 25.11.2019)
  7. Duleba, A. (1998). From Domination to Partnership: The Perspectives of Russian - Central-East European Relations. Final Report to the NATO Research Fellowship Program, 1996-1998, 1-118
  8. Duleba, A. (2009). Poučenia z plynovej krízy v januári 2009. Analýza príčin vzniku, pravdepodobnosti opakovania a návrhy opatrení na zvýšenie energetickej bezpečnosti SRvoblasti dodávok zemného plynu. The Slovak Foreign Policy Association, 1-42
  9. Fawn, R. (2014). Visegrad’s Place in the EU since Accession in 2004: “Western” Perceptions. International Issues & Slovak Foreign Policy Affairs, 23 (1-2), 3-24.
  10. Fedorov, Y.E. (2013). Continuity and Change in Russia’s Policy toward Central and Eastern Europe. Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 46 (3), 315-326. doi: 10.1016/j.postcomstud.2013.06.003
  11. Gerasymchuk, S. (2014). Visegrad Group’s Solidarity in 2004-2014: Tested by Ukrainian Crisis. International Issues & Slovak Foreign Policy Affairs, 23 (1-2), 42-54.
  12. Gressel, G. (2017). Fellow Travellers: Russia, anti-Westernism, and Europe’s Political Parties. European Council on Foreign Relations Brief Policy, 225, 1-16. URL: https://www.ecfr.eu/page/-/ECFR225_-_FELLOW_ TRAVELLERS1.pdf (accessed: 25.11.2019)
  13. Gyárfášová, O. & Mesežnikov, G. (2016). 25 Years of the V4 as Seen by the Public. Bratislava.
  14. Kucharczyk, J. & Mesežnikov, G. (Eds.). (2015). Diverging Voices, Converging Policies: The Visegrad States’ Reactions to the Russia-Ukraine Conflict. Warsaw: Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung.
  15. Marušiak, J. (2015). Russia and the Visegrad Group - More Than a Foreign Policy Issue. International Issues & Slovak Foreign Policy Affairs, 24 (1-2), 28-46.
  16. Marušiak, J. (2013a). Slovakia’s Eastern Policy - from the Trojan Horse of Russia to Eastern Multivectoralism. International Issues & Slovak Foreign Policy Affairs, 22 (1-2), 42-70.
  17. Marušiak, J. (Eds.). (2013b). Internal Cohesion of the Visegrad Group. Bratislava: Veda, Publishing house of the Slovak Academy of Sciences.
  18. Mišík, M. (2012). Crisis as Remedy? The 2009 Gas Crisis and Its Influence on the Increase of Energy Security within Visegrad Group Countries. International Issues & Slovak Foreign Policy Affairs, 21 (1-2), 56-72.
  19. Pakulski, J. (Eds.). (2016). The Visegrad Countries in Crisis. Warsaw: Collegium Civitas
  20. Póti, L. (2006). The Rediscovered Backyard: Central Europe in Russian Foreign Policy. Eager Eyes Fixed on Eurasia. 21st Century COE Program Slavic Eurasian Studies. July 6-7. Sapporo: Slavic Research Center, Hokkaido University. P. 113-133
  21. Racz, A. (2014). The Visegrad Cooperation: Central Europe Divided over Russia. L’Europe en Formation, 374 (4), 61-76. doi: 10.3917/eufor.374.0061
  22. Sangtu, K. (2006). Russia’s Choice of Alliance: Balancing or Bandwagoning. Eager Eyes Fixed on Eurasia. 21st Century COE Program Slavic Eurasian Studies. July 6-7. Sapporo: Slavic Research Center, Hokkaido University. P. 149-161
  23. Shishelina, N.L. (2015). Russia’s View of Relations with European Union and the Visegrad Group. International Issues & Slovak Foreign Policy Affairs, 24 (1-2), 66-83
  24. Stojarová, V. (2018). Populist, Radical and Extremist Political Parties in Visegrad Countries Vis a Vis the Migration Crisis. In the Name of the People and the Nation in Central Europe. Open Political Science, 1 (1), 32-45. doi: 10.1515/openps-2018-0001
  25. Sydoruk, T. & Tyshchenko, D. (2016). Positions of the Visegrad Four Countries and the Baltic States on the Russian-Ukrainian Conflict. Toruńskie Studia Międzynarodowe, 9 (1), 17-30
  26. Szomolányi, S. (2004). From a Difficult Case of Transition to a Consolidated Central European Democracy. Democracy and Market Economics in Central and Eastern Europe: Are New Institutions Being Consolidated. Slavic Research Center, Hokkaido University. P. 149-188
  27. Szomolányi, S. (2000). Why Slovakia’s Transition Trajectory Has Been so Difficult? Társadalom és gazdaság Közép- és Kelet-Európában / Society and Economy in Central and Eastern Europe, 22 (1), 60-86. doi: 10.2307/41468455
  28. Tarnawski, M. (2015). Security of Gas Supply in the Countries of the Visegrád Group. Securitologia, 21 (1), 127-142

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 712

PDF (English) - 371

Cited-By


PlumX

Dimensions


Copyright (c) 2020 Višňovský R.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies