Features of the Political Development of Africa in the Postcolonial Period

Cover Page

Abstract


The article is devoted to the features of the formation and development of Africa in the postcolonial period. The authors study such fundamental issues as the formation of modern States in Africa, the formation of the ruling elite and its influence on the political and socio-economic system, the role of the army and ethnic conflicts in the process of state formation. The relevance of the research is due to the fact that Russian and foreign historical science has not yet formed a common opinion on how to assess the consequences of the colonial period for Africa. Pluralism of opinions, on the one hand, generates the discussion for research, on the other, introduces a destructive imbalance in the representation of the region. As a novelty of the study, it’s necessary to note the neo-patrimonial approach to studying the features of the postcolonial period in Africa. It identifies separate thematic blocks that help assess the impact of colonization on the development of countries on the continent. The article also considers the correlation between the traditional and westernized elements within African political culture. The borrowing of political institutions and statehood theories is also considered not only as a consequence of the colonial past, but also as the political choice of the first national leaders of Africa, in the framework of their aspiration to choose an effective development way and to find a balance between the tradition and modernization. The main purpose of the study is to assess the results of decolonization in the context of ethnic, military and political aspects of the formation of African States. The polemic nature of the principles of understanding the postcolonial period of African development has led to the need to use a functional approach as a methodological basis. This is due to the need to study the principles of functioning of the political system of the region, rather than individual states. The neo-patrimonialist approach also gave rise to the use of a comparative method to compare the main theoretical postulates with the real situation in Africa. A vast array of sources and literature in Russian and English is needed to reflect the multi-vector possibilities of research on African issues.


About the authors

Wolde Mikhael Kassaye Nigusie

RUDN University

Author for correspondence.
Email: kassae-nv@rudn.ru
Moscow, Russian Federation

PhD, Dr. of Sc. (History), Professor, the Department of Theory and History of International Relations

Natalia Viktorovna Ivkina

RUDN University

Email: ivkina-nv@rudn.ru
Moscow, Russian Federation

PhD in History, Senior Lecturer, the Department of Theory and History of International Relations

References

  1. Abramova, I.O. & Fituni, L.L. (2015). Economic Attractiveness and Investment Potential of the African Region to the South of Sahara. Problems of the Modern Economics, 3, 167–173. (In Russian).
  2. Abramova, I.O. (2002). Countries of Africa 2002. Almanac. Moscow: Institute of African Studies RAS publ. (In Russian).
  3. Anda, M. (2000). International Relations in Contemporary Africa. N.Y.: University Press of America.
  4. Austin, D. (1984). Politics in Africa. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England.
  5. Barany, Z. (2012). The Soldier and the Changing State. Princeton University Press.
  6. Bassey, M.O. (2009). Higher Education and the Rise of Early Political Elites in Africa. Review of Higher Education in Africa, 1 (1), 30—38.
  7. Berman, B.J. (2018). Ethnicity, Patronage and the African State: The Politics of Uncivil Nationalism. African Affairs, 97, 305—341. doi: 10.2307/723213
  8. Best, H. & Higley, J. (Eds.). (2018). The Palgrave Handbook of Political Elites. Palgrave Macmillan.
  9. Bratton, M. & Van de Walle, N. (1994). Neopatrimonialism Regimes and Political Transitions in Africa. World Politics, 46, 453—489. doi: 10.2307/2950715
  10. Cheeseman, N., Bertrand, E. & Husaini, S. (2019). A Dictionary of African Politics. Oxford University Press.
  11. Clapham, C. (1985). Third World Politics. London: Helm.
  12. Denisov, A.V. & Urnov, A.Y. (2010). The Soviet Union and Decolonization of Africa. Asia and Africa Today, 12, 15—20. (In Russian).
  13. Deych, T.L. & Korendyasov, E.N. (Eds.). (2017). African Countries in Modern International Relations: New Frontiers. Moscow: Institute of African Studies RAS publ. (In Russian).
  14. Diamond, L. & Gunther, R. (2001). Types and Functions of Parties. In: Diamond, L. & Gunther, R. Political Parties and Democracy. The Johns Hopkins University Press. P. 3—39.
  15. Efimova, L.M. (1996). The Political Culture of the Countries of Asia and Africa. Moscow: MGIMO Universitet publ. (In Russian).
  16. Elischer, S. (2013). Political Parties in Africa. Ethnicity and Party Formation. Cambridge University Press.
  17. Fanon, F. (2005). The Wretched of the Earth. N.Y.: Grow Press.
  18. Gebru, S.G. (2014). Political Parties, Party Programmaticity and Party System in Post 1991 Ethiopia. European Scientific Journal, 10 (16), 417—440.
  19. Kassae Nygusie, V.M. (2016b). Ethnic Conflicts and Problems of Their Resolution in Africa at the Beginning of the 21st Century. Conflictology / nota bene, 3, 183—189. (In Russian). doi: 10.7256/2454-0617.2016.3.21948
  20. Kassae Nygusie, V.M., Ponomarenko, L.V. & Savicheva, E.M. (2020). Features of the African Vector of Muammar Gaddaphi’s Foreign Policy: from Arab Unity to Africanism. Voprosy istorii, 1, 234—244. (In Russian). doi: 10.31166/VoprosyIstorii202001Statyi11.
  21. Kassaye Nigusie, W.M. (2013). Emperor Haile Selassie (I) and the Organization of African Unity (Devoted to the 50th Anniversary of the African Union). RUDN Journal of World History, 3, 57—71. (In Russian).
  22. Kassaye Nigusie, W.M. (2016a). Haile Selassie I — Emperor of Ethiopia. Moscow: RUDN publ. (In Russian).
  23. Kosukhin, N.D. (2015). Political Leadership in Africa: Past and Present. Moscow: Institute of African Studies RAS publ. (In Russian).
  24. Lodge, T. (2014). Neo-patrimonial Politics in the ANC. African Affairs, 113 (450), 1—23. doi: 10.1093/afraf/adt069
  25. Mirsky, G.I. (1976). “Third World” Society, the Government, and Army. Moscow: Nauka publ. (In Russian).
  26. Piskunova, N.I. (2008). Internal Political Transformations in the Horn of Africa: Trends and/or Threats? Vestnik MGIMO University, 1, 41—54. (In Russian).
  27. Shanguhyia, M.S. & Falola, T. (Eds.). (2018). The Palgrave Handbook of African Colonial and Postcolonial History. Palgrave Macmillan.
  28. Whitaker, B.E. & Clark, J.F. (2018). Africa’s International Relations. Balancing Domestic and Global Interests. Lynne Rienner.

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 364

PDF (Russian) - 971

Cited-By


PlumX

Dimensions


Copyright (c) 2020 Kassaye Nigusie W.M., Ivkina N.V.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies