Participation of Russia in the International Cooperation for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Energy Companies

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Abstract


The article analyzes the participation of the Russian Federation in international cooperation on the climate change prevention. Global climate change in terms of its impact on world economy is presented as a catalyst for multidirectional shifts in many sectors of economy. The adoption of international documents such as the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (1992), the Kyoto Protocol (1997), the Paris Agreement (2015), and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (2015) are viewed as vital steps for regulating international cooperation in this sphere. Analyzing the provisions of the 2020 Climate Doctrine of the Russian Federation (2009), the authors emphasize the aspiration for international political and economic integration and deep economic interest in modernization as main factors, affecting Russian climate policy strategy. One of the mechanisms of implementing state policy in the field of environmental safety is the adoption of state regulation of greenhouse gas emissions and the consideration of these measures in the development of longterm strategies for socio-economic development. The authors urge for creating regional strategies for climate change prevention with necessary adjustment and adaptation to a specific region or constituent entity of the Russian Federation. In presenting the research results, the concept of “global warming potential” and the role of managing this potential in achieving sustainable development goals are disclosed. The authors argue that a significant contribution to the increase in greenhouse gas emissions is made by the production activities of the energy sector. Based on the data of the largest international companies (Chevron, ExxonMobil, ConocoPhillips, BP, PetroChina, Shell, Gazprom, LUKOIL, Rosneft), directions for reducing their negative environmental impact were determined, including the classification of tools for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. International practice analysis forms the necessary ground to elaborate the most promising modern tools for reducing greenhouse gas emissions by Russian oil and gas companies.


About the authors

Maria Aleksandrovna Liubarskaia

St. Petersburg State University of Economics

Author for correspondence.
Email: lioubarskaya@mail.ru
Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation

PhD in Economics, Dr. of Sc. (Economics), Professor, the Department of State and Territorial Management

Viktoria Sergeevna Merkusheva

Petersburg State University of Railroad Transportation

Email: vika.merkusheva@bk.ru
Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation

PhD in Economics, Associate Professor, the Department of Engineering Geodesy

Olga Sergeevna Zinovieva

St. Petersburg State University of Economics

Email: zinovyeva.olya@yandex.ru
Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation

master student

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Copyright (c) 2019 Liubarskaia M.A., Merkusheva V.S., Zinovieva O.S.

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