“Syrian Issue” in Turkish-US Relations

Cover Page

Abstract


Since the beginning of the civil war in Syria, the United States of America and the Turkish Republic have been active supporters of a replacement of the Syrian government and the resignation of the President B. al-Assad. The search for a solution to the “Syrian issue” has opened up broad opportunities for Turkish-American cooperation. The article observes the most important areas of this interaction and attempts to explain the intensification of the Turkish-American contradictions in the context of the events of recent years in Syria. The twopart structure of the article reflects the logic of Turkish-American relations development as a result of rapid change of the balance of power in Syria and the region. Two phases are clearly visible. AmericanTurkish cooperation, including joint work to strengthen the combat potential of the Syrian opposition, took place in the early stages of the Syrian conflict in 2011-2013. However, by 2014 it was replaced by the two states’ rivalry for influence in the Syrian Arab Republic. The “Kurdish issue” became the main reason for the deepening differences between the allies. It started to determine Ankara and Washington’s behavior to all the participants of the conflict in Syria. Intensification of struggle against terrorism in the Syrian Arabic Republic revealed deep differences in both Turkish and American governments’ approaches towards the key participants of the Syrian conflict. The author concludes that today the United States and Turkey are acting on the Syrian direction based on the unconditional priority of their own national interests, but not the formal allied obligations binding them.


About the authors

Altunay Ilgar kyzy Alieva

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Author for correspondence.
Email: alieva_altunay@mail.ru

Junior Research Fellow, Expert of the Center for Security and Development Studies, School of World Politics, Lomonosov Moscow State University

References

  1. Abramowitz, M.I. & Edelman, E.S. (2013). U.S.-Turkish Cooperation toward a post-Assad Syria. Bipartisan Policy Center, April.
  2. Akcan, M. (2016). Türk dış politikasında “Davutoğlu etkisi” ve Suriye krizi. Toplumcu Düşünce Enstitüsü [Turkish Foreign Policy of “Davutoglu effect” and Syrian Crisis. Socialist Thought Institute]. 23.05.16. (in Turkish).
  3. Aktürk, Ş. (2017). Turkey’s Role in the Arab Spring and the Syrian Conflict. Turkish Policy Quarterly, 15(4), 87—96.
  4. Arı, T. (2010). Yükselen güç. Türkiye—ABD ilişkileri ve Orta Doğu [Rising power. Turkey—US Relations and the Middle East]. Bursa: Marmar Kitap Merkezi. (in Turkish).
  5. Balcı, A. (2013). Türkiye dış politikası. Ülkeler, aktörler, uygulamalar [Turkey’s Foreign Policy. Countries, Actors, Applications]. İstanbul: Etkileşim (in Turkish).
  6. Barkey, H.J. (2016). Syria’s Dark Shadow over US—Turkey Relations. Turkish Policy Quarterly, 14(4), 25—36.
  7. Çandar, C. (2011). Dağdan iniş — PKK nasıl silah bırakır? [Descent from the Mountain: How Does the PKK Lay Down Arms?].TESEV, July, Istanbul (in Turkish).
  8. Cankurtaran Sunar, B. & Gençkaya, F.Y. (2017). Suriye krizi bağlamında Obama dönemi Türkiye—ABD ilişkilerinde değişen güvenlik ortaklığı [Obama Term Turkey—US Relations and Changing Security Partnership in The Context of Syria Crisis]. International Journal of Academic Value Studies, 3(11), 141—150. DOI: 0.23929/javs.216 (in Turkish).
  9. D’Alema, F. (2017). The evolution of Turkey’s Syria policy. IAI Working Papers, 17/28, October, 1—18.
  10. Davutoğlu, A. (2013). 2014 yılına girerken dış politikamız [Foreign Policy in 2014]. Ankara: Ministry of Foreign Affairs. (in Turkish).
  11. Ivanova, I.I. (2017). The evolution of the Middle East policy of the Republic of Turkey (1923—2016). Moscow: Aspekt-Press. (in Russian).
  12. Kanat K., Üstün K. (2013). US-Turkish Relations: in Search of a New Paradigm. Mediterranean Quarterly, 24(4), 82—91.
  13. Kanat, K., Üstün, K. (2015). US—Turkey realignment on Syria. Middle East Policy, 22(4), Winter, 88—97.
  14. Okyay A. (2017). Turkey’s post-2011 Approach to its Syrian Border and its Implications for Domestic Politics. International Affairs, 93(4), 829—846. doi: 10.1093/ia/iix068.
  15. ORSAM. (2012). Suriye’de güvenli bölge tartışmaları: Türkiye açısından riskler, fırsatlar ve senaryolar. ORSAM, 115, April. (in Turkish).
  16. Svistunova, I.A. (2018). Turkey and the Syrian Crisis: Challenges and Opportunities for Ankara’s Foreign Policy. National Strategy Issues, 1(46), 74—96. (in Russian).
  17. Thomas, C. & Zanotti, J. (2018). Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations. CRS Report, August.
  18. Turkey — USA Partnership at the Dawn of a New Century. (2011). Istanbul, Global Relations Forum: Task Force Report.
  19. Yakış, Y. (2014). Turkey after the Arab Spring: Policy Dilemmas. Middle East Policy, 21(1), Spring, 98—106. doi: 10.1111/mepo.12060.
  20. Zanotti, J. (2014). Turkey—U.S. Cooperation Against the “Islamic State”: A Unique Dynamic? CRS Insights, October 21. URL: https://fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/IN10164.pdf (accessed: 30.08.2018).
  21. Zanotti, J. (2015). Turkey after June 2015 Elections: Erdogan and the AKP Fall Short. CRS Insights, June 16. URL: https://fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/IN10292.pdf (accessed: 30.08.2018).

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 512

PDF (Russian) - 408

Cited-By


PlumX

Dimensions


Copyright (c) 2018 Alieva A.k.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies