THE BRICS DEVELOPMENT AND EDUCATION COOPERATION AGENDA

Cover Page

Abstract


Framed by contested interpretations of the Buenos Aires Plan of Action, this article aims to conduct a first evaluation of the BRICS development and education cooperation agenda as a case study of South-South cooperation (SSC). Methodologically, as a theory-based case study that integrates exploration with illustration and explanation, an analytical review of Anglophone academic BRICS education literature combines with contents and discourse analysis of BRICS cooperation documents from 2009-2017. While the mainstream international and comparative education literature, embedded in (neo)realist international relations theory, limits itself to individual BRICS member country case studies, a critical approach associated with counter-dependency theory in conjunction with SSC as an analytical category transcends methodological nationalism by exploring common agendas, projects, relations and potential synergies generated within BRICS as an analytical unit. While a more pronounced and assertive BRICS SSC agenda has emerged over time, the findings do not permit to unambiguously conclude that BRICS education cooperation produces a counter-structure to the neoliberal global governance of education. However, we nonetheless perceive BRICS education cooperation as contributing to building a counterdependency structure. Future empirical research will have to inquire about the de facto implementation of this agenda.


About the authors

Thomas Muhr

Habib University Karachi; Pakistan University of Nottingham

Author for correspondence.
Email: t.muhr2@gmail.com

PhD in Political Sociology, Assistant Professor, Social Development & Policy, Habib University, Karachi, Pakistan; Honorary Assistant Professor, Centre for International Education Research (CIER), University of Nottingham, UK

Mário de Azevedo

Universidade Estadual de Maringá

Email: mario.de.azevedo@uol.com.br

PhD, Professor, Universidade Estadual de Maringá (Brasil)

References

  1. Abdenur, A.E. (2014). Emerging Powers as Normative Agents: Brazil and China within the UN Development System. Third World Quarterly, 35(10), 1876-1893. doi: 10.1080/01436597.2014.971605.
  2. Altbach, P.G. & Bassett, R.M. (2014). Nix the BRICS - at least for Higher Education Scholarship. Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning, 46(5), 30-33. doi: 10.1080/00091383.2014.941768.
  3. Altbach, P.G., Reisberg, L., Yudkevich, M., Androushchak, G. & Kuzminov, Y. (Eds.). (2013). The Global Future of Higher Education & the Academic Profession: The BRICs and the United States. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  4. Amin, S. (1980). Collective Self-reliance or National Liberation? In: Dialogue for a New Order. Ed. by K. Haq. New York: Pergamon, p. 153-169.
  5. Azevedo, M.L.N. (2015). Higher Education and International Organizations: Cold War, Commodification, and the Global Field of Power. In: Liberation Psychology in Brazil. Ed. by S. Tuleski. New York: Nova, p. 13-39.
  6. Birn, A.-E., Muntaner, C. & Afzal, Z. (2017). South-South Cooperation in Health: Bringing in Theory, Politics, History, and Social Justice. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, 33(2), 37-52. doi: 10.1590/0102-311X00194616.
  7. Buzan, B., Held, D. & McGrew, A. (1998). Realism vs Cosmopolitanism. Review of International Studies, 24 (3), 387-398.
  8. Caporaso, J.A. (1978). Dependence, Dependency, and Power in the Global System: A Structural and Behavioral Analysis. International Organization, 32(1), 13-43.
  9. Carnoy, M., Loyalka, P., Dobryakova, M., Dossani, R., Froumin, I., Kuhns, K., Tilak, J. & Wang, R. (2013). University Expansion in a Changing Global Economy: Triumph of the BRICs? Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  10. Chatin, M. & Gallarotti, G.M. (2016). The BRICS and Soft Power: An Introduction. Journal of Political Power, 9 (3), 335-352. doi: 10.1080/2158379X.2016.1232284.
  11. Cheng, I-H. & Chan, S-J. (Eds.). (2015). International Education Aid in Developing Asia: Policies and Practices. Dordrecht: Springer.
  12. Cooper, A.F. (2017). The BRICS’ New Development Bank: Shifting from Material Leverage to Innovative Capacity. Global Policy, 8 (3), 275-284. doi: 10.1111/1758-5899.12458
  13. David, S.A. & Motala, S. (2017). Can BRICS Build Ivory Towers of Excellence? Giving New Meaning to World-class Universities. Research in Comparative & International Education, 12(4), 512-528. doi: 10.1177/1745499917740652
  14. Dolowitz, D.P. & Marsh, D. (2000). Learning from Abroad: The Role of Policy Transfer in Contemporary Policy-making. Governance: An International Journal of Policy and Administration, 13(1), 5-23. doi: 10.1111/0952-1895.00121
  15. Erisman, M. (1991). Cuban Development Aid: South-South Diversification and Counterdependency Politics. In: Cuban Foreign Policy Confronts a New International Order. Ed. by M. Erisman and 1. Kirk. London: Lynne Rienner, p. 139-165
  16. Ernst, D. (1979). La Cooperación Técnica entre los Países en Desarrollo. Comercio Exterior, 29 (12), 1396-1403. URL: http://revistas.bancomext.gob.mx/rce/magazines/443/11/RCE11.pdf
  17. Esteves, P. & Assunção, M. (2014). South-South Cooperation and the International Development Battlefield: Between the OECD and the UN. Third World Quarterly, 35 (10), 1775-1790. doi: 10.1080/01436597.2014.971591
  18. Fairclough, N. (2003). Analysing Discourse. London: Routledge
  19. Gallarotti, G.M. (2016). Compound Soft Power: The BRICS and the Multilateralization of Soft Power. Journal of Political Power, 9 (3), 467-490. doi: 10.1080/2158379X.2016.1232292
  20. Gosovic, B. (2016). The Resurgence of South-South Cooperation. Third World Quarterly, 37 (4), 733-743. doi: 10.1080/01436597.2015.1127155
  21. Hesse-Biber, S.N. (2017). The Practice of Qualitative Research: Engaging Students in the Research Process. Los Angeles: Sage
  22. Hopewell, K. (2017). The BRICS - Merely a Fable? Emerging Power Alliances in Global Trade Governance. International Affairs, 93 (6), 1377-1396. doi: 10.1093/ia/iix192
  23. Jules, T.D. & Sá e Silva, M.M. (2008). How Different Disciplines have Approached South-South Cooperation and Transfer. Society for International Education Journal, 5 (1), 45-64
  24. King, K. (2013). China’s Aid and Soft Power in Africa. The Case of Education and Training. Woodbridge: James Currey
  25. Lalander, R. & Lembke, M. (2018). The Andean Catch-22: Ethnicity, Class and Resource Governance in Bolivia and Ecuador. Globalizations, 15 (5), 636-654. doi: 10.1080/14747731.2018.1453189
  26. Martín, R.D. (2016). En los Pliegues de la Historia: Cooperación Sur-Sur y Procesos de Integración en América Latina y el Caribe. Estudos Internacionais: Revista de Relações Internacionais, 4 (2), 57-77. doi: 10.5752/P.2317-773X.2016v4.n2.p57
  27. Mason, J. (2002). Qualitative Researching (2nd ed.). London: Sage
  28. Muhr, T. (2016). Beyond ‘BRICS’: Ten theses on South-South Cooperation in the 21st Century. Third World Quarterly, 37(4), 630-648. doi: 10.1080/01436597.2015.1108161
  29. Newman, E. & Zala, B. (2018). Rising Powers and Order Contestation: Disaggregating the Normative from the Representational. Third World Quarterly, 39 (5), 871-888. doi: 10.1080/01436597.2017.1392085
  30. Nowak, M. (2003). Introduction to the International Human Rights Regime. Leiden/Boston: Brill Academic Publishers
  31. Nye, J.S. (2010). Responding to my Critics and Concluding Thoughts. In: Soft Power and US Foreign Policy. Ed. by I. Parmar and M. Cox. London: Routledge, p. 215-227
  32. Oleksiyenko, A. & Yang, R. (2015). Nix the BRICs? Competitive and Collaborative Forces in the Ostensibly ‘Blocalized’ Higher Education Systems. Frontiers of Education in China, 10 (1), 1-6. doi: 10.1007/BF033
  33. Phạm, Quỳnh N. & Shilliam, R. (2016). Meanings of Bandung. Postcolonial Orders and Decolonial Visions. London: Rowman & Littlefield
  34. Report on South-South Cooperation in Ibero-America 2017. (2017). SEGIB (Ibero-American General Secretariat) Madrid: SEGIB
  35. Ristoff, D. (2016a). BRICS Rede de universidades. Personal digital communication, 17 September
  36. Ristoff, D. (2016b). International Cooperation in Higher Education: Trends and Challenges. InBRICS. BRICS Studies Centre Newsletter, 1, 10-18. URL: https://center-brics.urfu.ru/fileadmin/ user_upload/BRICS/br-br/InBRICS_ot_28_marta.pdf
  37. Robertson, S. & Dale, R. (2008). Researching Education in a Globalising Era: Beyond Methodological Nationalism, Methodological Statism, Methodological Educationism and Spatial Fetishism. In: The Production of Educational Knowledge in a Global Era. Ed. by J. Resnick. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, p. 19-32
  38. Sá e Silva, M.M. (2009). South-South Cooperation: Past and Present. Conceptualization and Practice. In: South-South Cooperation in Education and Development. Ed. by L. Chisholm and G. Steiner-Khamsi. New York: Teachers College Press, p. 39-59
  39. Sachs, W. (2017). The Sustainable Development Goals and Laudatio Si’: Varieties of Post-Development? Third World Quarterly, 38 (12), 2537-2587. doi: 10.1080/01436597.2017.1350822
  40. Santos, B.d.S. (2002). Toward a New Legal Common Sense. London: Butterworths
  41. Schwartzman, S., Pinheiro, R. & Pillay, P. (2015). Higher Education in the BRICS Countries: Investigating the Pact between Higher Education and Society. Dordrecht: Springer
  42. Silva, J.G.d. (2018). Cooperación Sur-Sur y Triangular: El Papel de América Latina y el Caribe dentro del G-77 y China para Lograr la Primera Generación de un Mundo sin Hambre. Línea Sur, 13, 63-75
  43. Smagina, I. (2016). The First Forum of the BRICS Network University. BRICS Law Journal 3 (1), 144-151. doi: 10.21684/2412-2343-2016-3-1-144-151
  44. Steiner-Khamsi, G. (2007). International Knowledge Banks and the Production of Educational Crises. In: Knowledge and Policy: Research - Information - Intervention. EEJR Roundtable. Ed. by I. Gogolin, E. Keiner, G. Steiner-Khamsi, J. Ozga and L. Yates. European Educational Research Journal, 6 (3), p. 285-292
  45. Stuenkel, O. (2016). Do the BRICS Possess Soft Power? Journal of Political Power, 9 (3), 353-367. doi: 10.1080/2158379X.2016.1232285
  46. Tünnermann Bernheim, C. (2009). Central America: Quality Assurance and Accreditation. In: Higher Education in Latin America and the Caribbean 2008. Ed. by F.L. Segrera, C. Brock and J.D. Sobrinho. Caracas: UNESCO/IESALC, p. 49-68
  47. Yin, R.K. (2009). Case Study Research. Design and Methods (4th ed.). London: Sage

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 1151

PDF (English) - 424

Cited-By


PlumX

Dimensions


Copyright (c) 2018 Muhr T., Azevedo M.d.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies