Possible scenarios for the Ukrainian crisis

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Abstract


The article is devoted to the analysis of the development of the Ukrainian crisis in the short term. It presents the analysis of four possible scenarios for the development of the crisis and its consequences. The forecast task is to help decision-makers mentally put themselves in a situation in which realized one of the scenarios for the future and to encourage them to calculate their possible actions. In the preparation of this forecast the scenario analysis tool was used: the allocation of two key variables, the ratio of which determines the spectrum of the analyzed scenarios. In this analysis authors selected the following variables: a measure of the West’s support of the current government of Ukraine and the domestic political stability of the government P. Poroshenko. Although support from the West plays an important role in strengthening the domestic political position of President Poroshenko, and the failure of the Ukrainian authorities in the future can weaken the West’s readiness to support them, the authors consider it possible to recognize these uncertainties as independent of each other. The ratio of the two variables gives four scenarios for the development of the situation. The described scenarios may not be implemented in a “pure” form. Political reality will be a result of combination of them, leaning towards one of it. The authors consider their task not as “predicting the future”, but in structuring it, presenting the range of its options. The authors give a list of event-markers, which will indicate the implementation of a particular scenario. The authors come to the conclusion that in the coming years the future of the Ukrainian crisis will be limited by two key constants - a big war and a deep political settlement are equally unlikely. A long-term solution to the Ukrainian crisis is not yet visible. Most of the external participants in the situation take a wait-and-see attitude, watching which faction will win in Kiev. It can be stated that the key process of the near future is the formation of stable status-quo frameworks, in which the crisis will freeze for one or two electoral cycles.


About the authors

Andrej Andreevich Sushentsov

Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO-University)

Author for correspondence.
Email: asushentsov@foreignpolicy.ru

PhD in Political Science, Associate Professor, Department of Applied Analysis of International Problems of Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO-University) of Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Director General of the Analytical Agency “Foreign Policy”, Program Director of the Valdai Club

Nikolaj Yur’evich Silaev

Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO-University)

Email: nikolai.silaev@gmail.com

PhD in History, Senior Researcher of the Center for Caucasus Problems and Regional Security of the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO-University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Research Director of the Analytical Agency “Foreign Policy”

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