The October Revolution’s Foreign Policy Program: Origins and Results

Abstract


In this article, the ideological origins of Soviet foreign policy practice after the victory of the October Revolution of 1917 are analysed. The Marxist and Liberal concepts of international politics had common roots. It predetermined the similarity of peaceful settlement's proposals made by the Russian Bolsheviks after the October Revolution; they corresponded to the proposals of the US President W. Wilson. The authors pay attention to the fact that the October revolution’s leaders initially viewed it as an integral part of the world revolution. So, the hope for success of the world revolution was a factor determining the Soviet Russia’s domestic and foreign policy. It is noticed that the Leninist conception of the world revolution supposed a close link between the labor movement and national liberation movements in colonial and semi-colonial countries. That link founded an important direction in Soviet foreign policy. In different periods of Soviet history, the attention to national liberation movements depended on the Soviet Union’s foreign policy situation. Despite all the contradictions in the foreign policy of the USSR, which was conditioned both by ideological and geopolitical factors, it always had willingness to support the principle of national self-determination, which in fact belonged to the legacy of the foreign policy platform of the October Revolution. As a result, the Soviet Union made a significant contribution to the elimination of the colonial system and thereby contributed to a change in the nature of world politics and international relations in the 20th century.


Sergey Alekseevich Lantsov

s_lantsov@mail.ru
<p>Saint-Petersburg State University</p>

Moscow, Russia

Irina Sergeevna Lantsova

islanko@mail.ru
<p>Saint-Petersburg State University</p>

Moscow, Russia

  • Engels, F. (1964). Letter to Karl Kautsky in Vienna. September 12, 1882. In: Marx K., Engels F. Comp., 2nd ed. Moscow: Politizdat, Vol. 35, p. 97.
  • Engels, F. (1961). Letter to Karl Kautsky in Vienna. February 20, 1889. In: Marx K., Engels F. Comp., 2nd ed. Moscow: Politizdat, Vol. 37. pp. 5—6.
  • Engels, F. (1955). The Principles of Communism. In: Marx K., Engels F. Comp., 2nd ed. Moscow: Politizdat, Vol. 16. pp. 322—339.
  • Gaddis, J. L. (1997). We Now Know: Rethinking Cold War History. New York.
  • Information meeting of representatives of some communist parties in Poland in late September 1947 (1948). Moscow: Gospolitizdat. (in Russ.).
  • Kapchenko, N. (2005). Stalin’s Foreign Policy Concept. Mezhdunarodnaja zhizn', 9, 100—121. (in Russ.).
  • Lantsov, S. A. (2015). The foreign policy strategy of the USSR on the eve and in the initial period of the Second World War: geopolitical and ideological factors. Vestnik SPbGU. Serija 6, 3, 4—14. (in Russ.).
  • Lenin, V. I. (1970a). IX All-Russian Congress of Soviets. December 23—28, 1921. In: Complete works. 5th ed. Moscow: Politizdat, Vol. 44, pp. 289—338. (in Russ.).
  • Lenin, V. I. (1969a). The Collapse of the Second International Results of the discussion on self-determination. In: Complete works. 5th ed. Moscow: Politizdat, Vol. 26, pp. 209—265. (in Russ.).
  • Lenin, V. I. (1973b). Critical notes on the national issue Results of the discussion on self-determination. In: Complete works. 5th ed. Moscow: Politizdat, Vol. 24, pp. 113—150. (in Russ.).
  • Lenin, V. I. (1969b). On the tasks of the proletariat in this revolution Results of the discussion on selfdetermination. In: Complete works. 5th ed. Moscow: Politizdat, Vol. 31, pp. 113—118. (in Russ.).
  • Lenin, V. I. (1973c.) On the caricature of Marxism and on imperialist economism. In: Complete works. 5th ed. Moscow: Politizdat, Vol. 30, pp. 77—130. (in Russ.).
  • Lenin, V. I. (1969c). On the slogan of the United States of Europe. In: Complete works. 5th ed. Moscow: Politizdat, Vol. 26, pp. 351—355. (in Russ.).
  • Lenin, V. I. On the right of nations to self-determination. In: Complete works. 5th ed. Moscow: Politizdat, Vol. 25, pp. 255—320. (in Russ.).
  • Lenin, V. I. (1970b). Report on the tactics of the RCP on July 5. In: Complete works. 5th ed. Moscow: Politizdat, Vol. 44, pp. 34—55. (in Russ.).
  • Lenin, V. I. (1973a). Results of the discussion on self-determination. In: Complete works. 5th ed. Moscow: Politizdat, Vol. 30, pp. 17—58. (in Russ.).
  • Lenin, V. I. (1968). Social significance of Serbian-Bulgarian victories. In: Complete works. 5th ed. Moscow: Politizdat, Vol. 22, pp. 186—188. (in Russ.).
  • Li, Vl. F. (2000). Russia and Korea in the geopolitics of the Eurasian East (XX century). Moscow: Nauchnaja kniga. (in Russ.).
  • Marx, K. (1960a). On the Attitude of the International Working Men’s Association to the Congress of the League of Peace and Freedom. In: Marx K., Engels F. Comp., 2nd ed. Moscow: Politizdat, Vol. 16, pp. 556—557.
  • Marx K. & Engels, F. (1955). Manifesto of the Communist Party. In: Marx K., Engels F. Comp., 2nd ed. Moscow: Politizdat, Vol. 4, pp. 419—459.
  • Marx, K. (1960b). The Founding Manifesto of the International Workers’ Association. In: Marx K., Engels F. Coll., 2nd ed. Moscow: Politizdat, Vol. 16, pp. 3—11. (in Russ.).
  • Stoessinger, J. G. (1986). The Might of Nations. World Politics in Our Time. New York: Random House.
  • Trockij, L. D. (1991). Communist International after Lenin. (Great organizer of defeats). Moscow: Spartakovec, AO Printima. (in Russ.).
  • Vallerstajn, I. (2001). World-Systems Analysis and Situation in the Modern World. Trans. by P.M. Kudjukina. Ed. by B. Ju. Kagarlickij. Saint Petersburg: Universitetskaja kniga. (in Russ.).
  • World History: In 24 vol. The First World War (1997). Ed. by A. N. Badak, I. E. Vojnich, N. M. Volchek. Minsk: Literatura. (in Russ.).
  • Wallerstein, I. (1990). The cold war and the Third World: The good old days? Binghamton (N.Y.): Fernand Braudel Center for the study of economies, hist. systems and civilizations.
  • Wallerstein, I. (1991). The concept of national development, 1917—1989: Elegy and Requiem. Binghamton (N.Y.): Fernand Braudel Center for the study of economies, hist. systems and civilizations.

Views

Abstract - 30

PDF (Russian) - 14


Copyright (c) 2017 Lantsov S.A., Lantsova I.S.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.