Call for papers: “Mediterranean Sea as a New Regional Security Complex”

Vestnik RUDN. International Relations invites the authors to submit papers for the special thematic issue # 3 2021, which is devoted, in general, to issues of regional security in the Mediterranean area. At the same time, separate articles will consider issues such as the ideology of "Neo-Ottomanism" in Turkey's foreign policy, the new energy diplomacy of Europe, interrelated conflicts (Libya/Syria), the position of NATO on security in the Eastern Mediterranean, etc.

The modern world is undergoing fundamental and dynamic changes, being on the verge of forming a new world order. Significant changes are also experienced in the macro-region of the Greater Mediterranean, which acts as the center of the international network, social, cultural and media communication, in this connection, a geopolitical, geostrategic and geo-economic relevance of the formation of influence on the processes occurring in it is present. This macro-region includes the territory located between Southern Europe, the Black Sea region, the Caucasus, the Caspian Sea Basin, the Middle East, North Africa, which a large number of territorial, ethno-confessional and socio-cultural conflicts have historically taken place, some of them are still continuing. This macro-region includes the territory located between Southern Europe, the Black Sea region, the Caucasus, the Caspian Sea basin, the Middle East, North Africa, which a large number of territorial, ethno-confessional and socio-cultural conflicts have historically taken place and some of them are still ongoing. Despite this, it has a central significance in the history of the evolution of civilizations, and also took its place in modern world development.

After the Arab Spring, on the one hand, a vacuum of balanced power emerged in the region, on the other hand, the gas fields discovered in the eastern part of the Mediterranean caused a new rivalry in which both regional and non-regional players participate. Among that, in addition to traditional actors, new ones have appeared, including Russia. Russia's entry into the Syrian conflict on the side of Bashar al-Assad in 2015 made Moscow one of the major active actors in regional politics - first in Syria, and then indirectly in Libya.

In this rivalry, although at first glance, "hot" sides such as Greece and Turkey, which are NATO allies and rivals in the struggle for the possession of natural resources in the eastern Mediterranean, attract more attention, in fact, the United States, Israel, Egypt, UAE, Saudi Arabia, France, Italy and the European Union also took their places in it. As a result, actually, 2 blocks were formed: Turkish and anti-Turkish. France is particularly active in the anti-Turkish bloc, which is due to the presence of Turkey in Syria and Libya, where the interests of both countries collide. It should be noted that the Mediterranean Sea is not only rich in gas and oil but is also Africa's gateway to Europe, in which Libya takes a unique position.

Thus, today the Mediterranean Sea is in the process of forming a new space of a military-political nature and a regional world order, as a result, a new alternative subsystem will appear - the Greater Mediterranean Subsystem, the core of which will be the country/countries of the region that won this struggle.


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