STEM education as a factor of national security

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Abstract


Problem and goal. Determination of the place and role of education in the national security system at the present stage based on the analysis of the foreign and Russian regulatory framework, as well as scientific literature on the subject of the study. Methodology. Through the analysis and parallel comparison of the main domestic and foreign regulatory legal acts in the field of security, the key transformations of the perception and vision of education as a factor of national security in foreign countries and Russia were identified, and the causal relationships between the development of the education system and national security were formulated. Results. The problems of national security in all their diversity are significantly related to the state and sustainability of the development of the educational sphere, the impact of which is long-term and has far-reaching consequences in the form of imbalances in the socio-economic, scientific and technological development of the country. Conclusion. The formalization of existing approaches to assessing threats to national security and the economic aspects of ensuring national security will allow us to propose a methodology for quantifying the costs of the education system as a whole (or only for higher education), necessary to optimize the impact of education on national security.


About the authors

Gulnara A. Krasnova

Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

Author for correspondence.
Email: director_ido@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4848-4935
82 Prospekt Vernadskogo, bldg 1, Moscow, 119571, Russian Federation

Doctor of Philosophy, Full Professor, chief researcher

Alexander V. Fedotov

Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

Email: fedotovav@ranepa.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4691-6391
82 Prospekt Vernadskogo, bldg 1, Moscow, 119571, Russian Federation

Doctor of Economics, Full Professor, chief researcher

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