No 3 (2016)

Articles
Yuri N. Karaulov: In Memoriam
Denisenko V.N., Krylova O.A., Dubrovina K.N., Krasina E.A., Remchukova E.N., Chulkina N.L., Lysyakova M.V., Osokina E.A., Ruzhitskiy I.V., Korobova M.M., Tarasov E.F., Ufimtseva N.V., Cherkasova G.A.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):9-11
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From the ontology of linguistic being of the people to the ontology of a personality’s language being
Bakhtikireeva U.M., Azizova A.O.
Abstract
The article is devoted to conceptualization of the language being of creative bilingual personality. The content of the article was written under the influence of the scholars’ writings who are working in the mainestream of Moscow psycholinguistic school in recent years (E.F. Tarasov, N.V. Ufimtseva, I.A. Bubnova and V.V. Krasnykh, G.T. Khukhuni and I. II. Valuytseva), and other scholars (Vyach.Vs. Ivanov, T.P. Mlechko). The authors attempt a critical analysis of the theory of language contacts and bilingualism in Russian linguistics and reveal similar positions of linguists in learning of the individual’s language being. The article also offers their approach for studying of language personality and model analysis of a specific linguistic identity.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):12-22
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Universal and ethno-specific features to represent concept FAMILY (case-study of the concept in English)
Jioeva A.A., Strelnikova O.F.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the correlation of the universal and the ehtnospecific in language. The article suggests that the concept of «family» is one of universal concepts in language view of the world, whereas metaphor as a bearer of figurative, secondary meaning assumes purely ethnospecific character. The present research is devoted to the corresponding language representation of the metaphoric concept of «family» and its constituent components in English and American ehtnocultures. The analysis made demonstrates that the metaphor of family is less frequent in British political speech, whereas in American rhetoric it is more frequent and more varied, which is explained by the corresponding values of American society.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):23-29
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The pragmatic approach to a formation of the Russian language personality in a new sociocultural reality
Nedosugova A.B.
Abstract
The modern sociocultural reality is creating a need to develop methods of formation of the Russian language personality, which is a relevant language methodological classroom task within the Rhetorics course. This article is describing the linguistic teaching methods approach to the skills of public speaking and conducting discussions in a new sociocultural environment. This article is giving the examples of some typical mistakes. Moreover, the recommendations on overcoming these difficulties are given.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):30-35
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Associative field of ethno-cultural idioglossas «horse-pacer» in the story «Farewell, Gulsary!» by Ch. Aitmatov
Kasymalieva K.E.
Abstract
The central concept of the article is ethno cultural idioglossias “horse-pacer”, through which an attempt is being made to reconstruct the text of the associative field as part of the author's view of the world. The material is a reconstruction of the story of Chingiz Aitmatov “Farewell, Gulsary!”.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):36-43
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Cultural and national specifics of the Basque language world view
Fernandez Sanchez Y.V.
Abstract
In the article we analyze the particularities of the language awareness proper to representatives of the Basque linguistic culture and try to characterize their cultural and national identity. The anthropocentric orientation of modern linguistics is of genuine interest for many researchers who investigate the language as a key to the ethnic identity, meanwhile the expansion of intercultural contacts in an era of increasing globalization explain the relevance of the chosen theme. Identification of the specific features of different linguocultures allows us to make good the deficit of didactic material necessary to optimize cross-cultural communication. The investigation of the Basque linguistic culture assumes great practical importance, since this European ethnic group is one of the most mysterious one not only in the anthropological aspect, but also in the linguistic context. The origin of the Basque people and their language “euskera” still remains one of the most intriguing topics of European linguistics and ethnology, and therefore involves a wide range of possible future research.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):44-50
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Gender linguistics: Uzbek male and female speech
Chutpulatov M.C.
Abstract
This article discusses the problem of gender linguistics in the aspect of its origin and formation, first of all, in English-speaking linguistic literature; a review of scientific literature, its analysis and concise description will be given; specific features of gender speech on the material of the Uzbek language will be analyzed, a speech of husband and wife, mother and son, mother and daughter in the form of short dialogues in Uzbek as well as the material from fiction will serve as the subject of the research; the dominant feature of female speech is characterized with shyness, loyalty to the husband, affectionate-diminutiveness, respectfulness, deference etc; male Uzbek speech is characterized with certain categoricalness, brevity, respect and attention in talking with others.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):51-57
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The analysis of news messages of the site of the Russian Federation Ministry of Foreign Affairs applying content-analysis (Article 1)
Belyakov M.V.
Abstract
Modern global information space is characterized by incessant information and hybrid wars. Data mining from an information stream has turned from desirable in a necessary task. The article is devoted to the consideration of formal methods of the text information analysis and the quantitative analysis of information of a website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia carried out by QDA Miner computer program. The official website cannot be focused on the certain category of the addressee on age, gender, status and the other attributes. The content-analysis allows determining how the content of messages influences an audience and quantitatively describes the contents of the communications, reduces probability of subjectivity of the text interpretation. The carried out analysis has shown the frequency of distribution of the data of the allocated rubrics.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):58-67
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Strategic pattern of ‘friend-or-foe’ opposition representation as used in political speech
Muradyan A.A.
Abstract
The article deals with political discourse having a famous politician’s speech as an example for the analysis. Further construction of a pattern is made to show basic characteristics of the political speech in a given opposition. The article reveals a short review of the term “discourse” in general and exposes the significance of the results for future exploration.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):68-73
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Organizational and corporate medical net-discourse
Akhnina K.V.
Abstract
The article analyzes one of the genres of medical net-discourse - official medical site. Considered the genre and language peculiarities the examples of the official websites of medical institutions. Significance of linguistic and linguodidactic research of net-discourse of this type is proved.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):74-78
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Linguistic and speech character of speech etiquette means
Batalov A.A.
Abstract
The article investigates into the problems of speech etiquette means functions, the role of speech etiquette means in communication, their variativeness in British and American English.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):79-85
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Language and author's means of expression of evaluation in early consumer orientation articles by N.S. Leskov
Golovacheva O.A.
Abstract
The article considers the expressive impact of linguistic units and the author's paradigmatics and syntagmatics, reflecting the perception of everyday Russian life realities in the second half of the 19th century. With estimated register, N.S. Leskov certifies the state of facilities for natural needs of a man as a highly unsuitable, dangerous to health. Oppositions as a manifestation of idiostylistics reveal the presence of one of the correlates of potential or implicit components and characterize the publicist as a careful person, a refined stylist Along with stylistically marked lexical units with the negative connotation, the author introduces the means where connotative potential reference component multiplies the context partner. Purpose of the research is to identify the way how language means explain living conditions marked by Russian commoners in the second half of the 19th century. The main methods of the study were contextual analysis method, descriptive, comparative, discourse analysis.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):86-96
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The verbal conflict in Russian fairy tales
Khromenkov P.N.
Abstract
Deep understanding of folklore is necessary for representation of a language world picture, properly, the language picture of the Russian world. The article is devoted to the analysis of Russian folklore tradition by the example of magic fairy tales from positions of ‘hate speech’ research. Studying of ‘hate speech’ has resulted, on the one hand, from researches within the framework of the linguistic analysis of various kinds of expressive lexicon, on the other - development of the general conflict theory. In the article the lexical component of the conflict is examined, semantic relations inside a conflictogenous situation, role of different parts of speech are described. The analysis is carried out by a method of the quantitative content-analysis. It is revealed, that the lexicon of enmity has a role of a moral substantiation of irreconcilable, antagonistic struggle of the positive character. The understanding of a role of this component allows opening to a great extent people outlook by linguocultural component.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):97-105
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Space and time as the categories of a literary text
Povalko P.Y.
Abstract
In the article the evolution of the categories of space and time is considered, from purely philosophical concepts to literary and linguistic phenomena. The idea of space and time as the categories of a literary text is described with the definition and characterization of their main functions: ontological, anthropocentric, pragmatic, aesthetic, story forming, symbolic, which are decomposition of chronotope’s key function, specifically, sense-making. The decomposition of chronotope’s sense-making function as described in the article requires the new approach to language representation of space-time category and linguistic means ranking.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):106-112
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Lexical hub of content in the self-organization process of text and discourse on the background of Senegalese tradition
Fatu Faye Diop -.
Abstract
The article deals with a hierarchical system of lexical hub of the content of the text, as part of the coatings of the author, formed in the process of creation of text, reflecting, on the one hand, the language personality of the author, and on the other hand, are created by the author of the text possible worlds. In this sense, the lexical hub of the content of synergies and prone to self-development in the process of creation.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):113-121
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Functional peculiarities of biblical imagery in Shakespearean drama
Figurnova M.Y., Paymakova E.A.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the functional aspect of biblical imagery in Shakespearean drama. It deals with the functions of imagery in the Bible itself (e. g. nominative, illustrative, descriptive, emotive, emphatic, expressive, explaining, veiling, cognitive, reminiscent, cohesive, integrative, symbolic etc.), as well as the functional peculiarities of biblical images in Shakespeare’s tragedies, comedies and problem plays, where besides the allusive and illustrative functions they also form connotations, subtext, sometimes - the plot and the main ideas. Specifically emphasized is the modeling function of biblical imagery in the consequent texts, where the images from the Bible serve as a model for imagery coinage. The article also covers the role of biblical imagery in creating ambiguity, along with the major situations and motives generating imagery.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):122-129
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Psycholinguistic characteristics of the verbs of emotional-evaluative relations
Denisenko V.N., Leksina I.A.
Abstract
The article is devoted to description of the verbs of emotional-evaluative relations from the linguistic and psychological points of view. The process of capturing emotional processes is in the sphere of psyche: emotional state enters into the semantic structure of the word, secured, “stored” and if necessary becomes evident, thereby strengthening the word emotive component. Thus, literature with a predominance of the emotional vocabulary of a certain mood affects the psychological state of the reader in a special way.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):130-136
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Slavonik-german parallels in symbolic meanings of regional dialect lexis (case-study of Slavonic and Southern German dialects)
Kondranenko M.M.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the question of the representation of language in the objective value of the recorded dialectal dictionaries, symbolism reality, characterizing traditional culture. The study concludes on the importance of the role of ritual context for completeness of the presentation on the cultural significance of a certain way, this article is the hare. The collected material has allowed to establish that the designation of a hare are widely used in various Slavic and South German dialects to refer to a wide range of objects and phenomena, associated with fertility and marriage, meteorology, folk calendar.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):137-143
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Semantics of Chinese hieroglyph number word one (in comparison with Russian lexemes один and единица)
Perfilieva N.V., Jia Qian -.
Abstract
The article studies the semantics of Chinese number word one on the material of “the Classic of the Way and the Power” (by the sage Laozi, 4-3 centuries. BC.), “the Book of Changes” (by The King Wen, 700 BC.), and the dictionary “Shuowen Jiezi” (by Xu Shen, about 147 BC.). The paper deals with the semantics of Chinese number one in detail, offering detailed analyses and intersection and overlaps between Chinese number one and Russian lexemes один and единица . Although there is no distinction in term of isosemia, ontological content of Chinese number one and Russian lexemes один and единица , it doesn’t result in the coincidence of internal forms of those linguistic signs.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):144-149
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The comparative analysis of the logoepistem in Russian and Tajik languages
Nagzibekova M.B., Mirzoyeva Z.D.
Abstract
On the basis of the factual material of Russian and Tajik paremiology and classification of associative-image groups of logoepistem the idioms with symbolic component of “bread” in Russian and Tajik languages are studied. Lingvo-culturological analysis of the idioms in the compared languages is made. For the Russian and Tajik pictures of the world in representation of the concept paremiological the concept “bread” along with similar, specific features are also found.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):150-154
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The development of machine-aided translation and its place in the professional cross-cultural communication
Kartseva E.Y., Margaryan T.D., Gurova G.G.
Abstract
It takes time and effort to make a highly qualified translator. But currently there is a great demand in skills of qualified translators in professional cross-cultural communication. So machine-aided translation could solve the problem. Today it is impossible to overestimate the significance and prospects of the machine-aided translation for this purpose. The paper describes the main stages of the machine-aided translation development, evaluates its advantages and disadvantages, its future opportunities for professional cross-cultural communication and provides the results of the explanotary study. The authors believe that this technology will facilitate teaching English for professional needs as LSP.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):155-164
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The construction of figurativeness and a character as an artist in the novels by A. Baricco in the Italian language and Russian translations
Lutero T.
Abstract
This article deals with the construction of the figure of a character as an artist as seen in the works of the Italian writer A. Baricco and in their Russian translations; some of the main theoretical theses on figurativeness and its forms in literary texts are exposed; a short characterization of A. Baricco’s style is given; some extracts from his novels “Ocean-Sea” and “Mister Gwyn” are quoted together with the analysis of the strategies used for the construction of the figure of characters as artists; structural similarities of the two novels are highlighted; conclusions are made on the techniques of construction of figurativeness used in the novels quoted.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):165-173
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Comparative analysis of term “LEXICOLOGY” presentation in terminological dictionaries of Russian, Kazakh, Uzbek languages
Dzhusupov M.
Abstract
This article deals with the presentation of the term “lexicology” in Russian, Kazakh and Uzbek dictionaries; reveals differences in contents of dictionaries’ articles which are related to an absolute understanding of lexicology as a science of lexical structure of the language, so of her separate aspects; moreover it is analyzed the peculiarities of the usage in these dictionaries’ articles of the term language unit, which in Kazakh dictionaries functions as variant «til edinicasi» and in proper-scientific works (monograph, dissertation, article and others) in Kazakh language, it is actively used as variant «til birligi». This is also significant to the Uzbek language.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):174-183
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Overview of dissertation studies in the terminology of ecology
Agranovskaya I.A.
Abstract
This article analyzes the degree of coverage of environmental terminology in thesis research. The material for the analysis have been 35 Russian-language master’s and PhD of philology theses upon environmental topics. The author singles out lexical sets on areas of research, languages of terminology and sources, points out the information units typical for the majority of theses, and analyzes the similarities and differences in the rationale, objectives, methods, and materials of research. In conclusion, the author gives ground for the key areas of the research and outlines its prospects.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):184-193
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The study of related languages: the peculiarities of educational complex making
Kadasheva K., Omarova S.K., Asanova U.A.
Abstract
The article deals with the peculiarities of educational complex making and the methods of related languages study. The authors present for the first time the developed new methods of the Kazakh language teaching as a related one and they share their experience of language teaching.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):194-201
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Representation of bilingual dictionaries entries
Nesova N.M.
Abstract
In the article the microstructure of the modern bilingual dictionary, in particular the structure and contents of the dictionary entry is considered. Addressing the analysis of dictionary parameters allows to take lexicographic information on the word, the ways of its reflection in the dictionary entry, and also to establish a community and specificity of lexicographic tradition in general. Bilingual dictionaries are considered as storage of culture on the one hand, and on the other hand - as bridges between different cultures. The ratio in the dictionary of linguistic and extralinguistic information is a significant issue for a modern lexicography. Inclusion of a cultural studies component in structure of the dictionary entry corresponds to an anthropocentric orientation of modern lexicographic science.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):202-208
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Status, orthographic and punctuative representations of Russian adverbial phrases «не/ни более/больше(,) не/ни менее/меньше (как)»
Sokolova O.I.
Abstract
The article studies the issue of adverbial phrases codification, that comes in response to the need to provide guidance on their orthographic and punctuative representations. The focus is upon the record of the above-mentioned phrases in Russian explanatory and standard dictionaries and phrase books. The frequency of their representative variations occurrence in 18-21st century literature and journalism is established. Spelling options for adverbial phrases in contemporary dictionaries and reference books are provided.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):209-214
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Scientific workshop “General and Specific Methodology of Philology”. Moscow, PRUR, April, 4-9, 2016
Valentinova O.I.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):215-217
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Our authors
- -.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2016;(3):218-221
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