Vol 5, No 2 (2018)

Public administration: theory and practice
Prospects for using Internet of things technology for automatingstatistical data collection
Alexandrov O.V., Dobrolyubova E.I.
Abstract

Today, despite the high administrative costs both to businesses and to the state, statistical data is collected and published with a considerable time lag. This limits the possibilities of using the statistical data in the decision-making process by corporations and hinders the use of statistical data for developing and monitoring the implementation of public policy. The existing digital technologies allow for significant optimization of the current practices for statistical data collection and processing. Based on the existing limits, the article proposes a set of regulatory measures promoting the application of digital technologies for collecting and processing of statistical and other types of data that is submitted by enterprises and entrepreneurs to the state bodies. The transition from submitting forms (as a part of statistical, accounting, tax reporting, etc.) to implementing automatic real time data exchange between the enterprises and state bodies based on Internet of Things technology is justified. Implementation of the proposed measures would help to decrease the existing administrative costs in the economy and improve the quality and timeliness of the data used for decision-making.

RUDN Journal of Public Administration. 2018;5(2):125-134
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The analisys of Russian experience of the reforming of control and supevisory activities
Maslennikova E.V.
Abstract

The reform of control and Supervisory activities (CPD) carried out in Russia claims to use modern approaches to management, including project management, risk-oriented approach. At the same time, the main problems and ways to solve them are seen by the developers of the reform in terms of improving the procedures of control (supervision), optimization of procedures for control measures. The main expectations of the reformation effect are associated with the use of information technologies in the CPI and the mechanistic consolidation of control (supervision) over the levels of management. The practice of control and Supervisory activities does not indicate fundamental changes, but rather reveals the reproduction of established bureaucratic approaches. The analysis of the Russian historical experience of control and Supervisory activities will allow not only to compare the technologies of state control and supervision in terms of the effectiveness of their application, but also to systematize information on the positive / partially positive application of methods and approaches to the implementation of control and Supervisory activities

RUDN Journal of Public Administration. 2018;5(2):135-148
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The experience of territorial transformations of the municipalities in Russian regions
Pribytkova L.V.
Abstract

The article deals with the experience of territorial transformations of municipalities in the subjects of the Russian Federation. To this end, the tendency of reducing the number of municipalities of all types in recent years has been studied. The analysis of the processes of consolidation of rural settlements by combining them and transforming municipal areas, with their constituent rural and urban settlements in urban districts.

RUDN Journal of Public Administration. 2018;5(2):149-159
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Management of development of territories
Postsoviet Crimea village: social and economical transformation
Gusakov T.Y.
Abstract
The parade of sovereignties of 1991, in place of the Soviet Union, formed 15 independent states, including Ukraine. The new era of life of the Crimea society started from this time. The development of rural Crimea territories differed from other Ukrainian regions because of the specific features of the peninsula: ethnical diversity and polarization, natural restrictions for agriculture, little differences between lifestyle in towns and in villages. Economical reforms of post-soviet period changed rural territories some goals of the soviet government were obtained (for example reduction of socio-cultural gap between village and town). But because of the ineffective policy the crisis of the rural territories became deeper, economical difficulties added to the problems of rural territories. Inability of formal institutions to provide private ownership and maintenance of infrastructure, to fulfill their social obligations contributed to the formation of powerful informal institutions, that restrained migration from rural areas to cities like in the Black Earth Region. Habitants of the rural territories use different coping strategies. Rural market economy that changed planned economy in 1990 went in “shadow” because of the high transaction costs and passivity of fiscal authorities. The article continues Russian tradition of the monographic description of villages: the author studies the transformation of the economy of Crimea rural territories on the example of the village Novoalekseevka Krasnogvardeisky district, located in the steppe rural zone.
RUDN Journal of Public Administration. 2018;5(2):160-177
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Motives, factors and consequences of the new type of village-city migration for the development of Russian settlement environment
Vinogradskaya O.Y.
Abstract

The article is devoted to the consideration of the phenomenon of moving to a remote rural area for the permanent residence of townspeople and constructing their own practices of life. Today there was an urgent need to study the deep bases of this phenomenon. It does not fit into the traditional explanatory schemes developed to date in the scientific literature, because such bases are usually located in some hidden, inner-being spheres, which are difficult to break into which is not easy both for external observers and for the bearers of the corresponding structures of consciousness. This double paradox complicates the distinct sociological interpretation of the motivational and ontological grounds that motivate townspeople to move to the village and settle firmly in it. It is assumed that the behavioral models of this social group are determined by the system of norms and expectations that appear in the course of updating the structures of mass consciousness, when, in particular, the future of the urban structure of society is actively rethinking. Of such kind research focus has not yet appeared in the composition of sociological actions. Comprehension of this phenomenon can help to answer the question: why all the efforts to artificially force the Russian peasantry to a happy life during the last century had catastrophic consequences for him, and how, taking into account this understanding, the prospects of the urban evolution of society can be built? A new look at this kind of problems should focus more on ontological foundations of processes that determine the life practices of «new villagers», which, unlike traditional practices, already lead to a socio-cultural transformation of rural communities.

RUDN Journal of Public Administration. 2018;5(2):178-189
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Innovations in the Social Development Management
Participation and models of intersubjective innovation management
Arpentieva M.R.
Abstract

Despite a strong state, civil society has always been strong in Belarus. The modern, post-capitalist model of its development, like the socialist model, is directed to the activation of the community, the acceptance by the community of active participation in the solution of problems more or less directly related to it. On this path, transformation and changes in the relations of models of governance are taking place: the models of participatory control, of the post-nonclassical type, are gaining more and more importance. We need an integrative historical analysis of traditions and innovations in the management of cultures and other spheres in different countries, a comparison of the success (productivity and effectiveness) of different management models. Such a comparison, conducted by us, shows that innovations in managing cultural and cultural institutions of countries and regions in general are based on the traditions of self-government and complicity existing in different countries. Centralized management shapes a-culture and mass culture, emasculating the meanings of traditions and values. Participative management restores these meanings, serves the development of culture, including the culture of people’s relations in education and science, art and technology, etc.

RUDN Journal of Public Administration. 2018;5(2):190-199
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The modernization of public administration in case of information society’s development
Sekirina E.E.
Abstract

The article actualizes the information society’s formation as a postindustrial form of society’s socio-economic organization based on the mass use of information and telecommunication technologies (ICT). The growing rates of social development is followed by modification of the civil society’s structure: network communities and organizations. In these conditions public authorities are forced to look for a new and more efficient technologies of administration (management). However, according to the Global Innovation Index (GII-2017), a gap in the innovative opportunities remains across in the world (experience of developed and developing countries) which shows the low level of public administration in new information conditions. The solution of this “information inequality” becomes possible only within an integrated approach, because the information society is a catalyst for the socio-economic development of a state. The analysis made it possible to actualize the problems of interaction between public administration and the society, provide possible ways of their solving to modernize the system of public administration. The collaboration between advanced ICTs such as Internet of Things (IoT) (“smart city”; “smart environment”) and public administration contributes to the progress in the field of sustainable development of a country in general.

RUDN Journal of Public Administration. 2018;5(2):200-206
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Russian and Foreign Practices of Social Regulation
The support of the social entrepreneurship: Russian and world best practices
Lagun I.V., Bogatyrev S.V.
Abstract

Social entrepreneurship is a new phenomenon in Russian practice. The article discusses the experience of social entrepreneurship in Russia and abroad, taking into account its diversity and research potential. In general, this article examines the global practices of financial support for social entrepreneurship, in order to identify the best ways to support social entrepreneurs, a comparison with similar practices in Russia and how to implement these methods of financial support. All major types of financial support for social entrepreneurship have been studied in detail. On the basis of the analysis, the authors formulated their vision of overcoming the current situation through the implementation of certain activities. It is concluded that there is no developed regulatory framework governing the activities of social entrepreneurs and the introduction of innovative tools for financial support for social entrepreneurs.

RUDN Journal of Public Administration. 2018;5(2):207-215
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Patriotism as a value in the globalizing world: national and international ‘measurements’
Trotsuk I.V.
Abstract
The article considers patriotism as one of the most difficult social concepts to be ‘measured’ for it has different interpretations and ‘dimensions’ that are discursive rather than determined by objective factors. First, the author outlines the results of the Russian opinion polls in the 2010s, 2000s and 1990s, which indicate changes in the interpretations of patriotism by the shares of the population willing to identify themselves as patriots. The figures stabilized in the mid2000s, which was also determined by the state’s efforts to use the idea of patriotism to support the legitimacy of state bodies and national solidarity under the intensifying globalization. Since 2001, the state implements programs of patriotic education that aim to revive patriotism as an idea of individual spiritual heritage and the basis of social and political stability in the country. The author considers the patriotic mood of the Russian students based on the results of surveys conducted in 2011 and 2016 on the sample of Moscow students. The data present both national and international ‘dimensions’ of patriotism. The former is constituted by estimates of one’s country position in the world, its key problems and contradictions, objects of pride, level of social trust, etc. The international dimension of the patriotic mood is constituted primarily by geopolitical awareness, i.e. the images of neighboring countries.
RUDN Journal of Public Administration. 2018;5(2):216-228
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