List of references  should be organized according to the Harvard guidelines in APA slyle (American Psychological Association, The following are the principle points you should be aware of while preparing your manuscript for submission:

  • The reference list should be on a new page, double spaced, and use the hanging indent method (all lines after the first one are indented). The reference section should contain all works referred to in the text, and only those. Number of references is no less than 30.
  • Within the body of the text references should be provided in in "Author-date" format: (Shaklein 2003: 23) or (Klobukova, Krasilnikova 1987) or (Shaklein 2003, Klobukova 2006).
  • A complete list of all authors should be presented in every bibliographical entry. Do not shorten titles of your citations.
  • They must be listed fully in alphabetical order of author/editor, with complete bibliographical details (including publisher). First name of authors is required.
  • Journal and book titles must be given in full and must be printed in italics. Page references must be given for articles in books and journals.
  • Reference entries for multiple works by the same author/editor should be listed chronologically, with the oldest publication at the top and the newest at the bottom.
  • For information obtained electronically or online include the DOI:
  • DOI - a unique alphanumeric string assigned to identify content and provide a persistent link to its location on the internet. The DOI is typically located on the first page of the electronic journal article near the copyright notice. When a DOI is used in your citation, no other retrieval information is needed. Use this format for the DOI in references: doi:xxxxxxx
  • If no DOI has been assigned to the content, provide the home page URL of the journal or of the book or report publisher. Do not insert a hyphen if you need to break a URL across lines; do not add a period after a URL, to prevent the impression that the period is part of the URL.
  • In general, it is not necessary to include database information. Do not include retrieval dates unless the source material has changed over time.
  • You can find sample references in the References Examples:


Wierzbicka, A. (1999) Emotions across languages and cultures: Diversity and universality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Dijk, V.T. (1998). Ideology: A Multidisciplinary Approach.  London: Sage.

Markowski, A. (2002). Kultura języka. Nowy słownik poprawnej polszczyzny. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN Publ. (In Polish)


Gregory, G., & Parry, T. (2006) Designing brain-compatible learning (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.

Chapter of a Book:

Kecskes, I. (2007) Formulaic language in English Lingua Franca. In Kecskes, I. & L. Horn (eds.) Explorations in Pragmatics: Linguistic, Cognitive and Intercultural Aspects. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 191–219.

Keen, K. (1992) Competence: What is it and how can it be developed? In J. Lowyck, P. de Potter, & J. Elen (eds.) Instructional Design: Implementation Issues. Brussels: IBM Education Center, 111-122.

Journal Article without DOI (when DOI is not available):

Kecskes, I. (2008) Dueling context: A dynamic model of meaning.  Journal of Pragmatics, 40 (3), 385—406.

Journal Article with DOI:

Paivio, A. (1975) Perceptual comparisons through the mind's eye. Memory & Cognition, 3, 635—647. doi:10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225

Journal Article / Book published online:

Becker, E. (2001, August 27) Prairie farmers reap conservation's rewards. The New York Times. Retrieved from

References on several works of the same author, published in the same period

Vennemann, Theo. (2000a) From quantity to syllable cuts: On so-called lengthening in the Germanic languages. Journal of Italian Linguistics, 12, 251—282.

Vennemann, Theo. (2000b). Triple-cluster reduction in Germanic: Etymology without sound laws? Historische Sprachwissenschaft, 113, 239—258.

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