No 1 (2016)

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Articles
ALIEN SPECIES OF THE RUSSIAN BLACK SEA COAST, AND THEIR BIOCLIMATIC ECOGEOGRAPHICAL REQUIREMENTS
Egoshin A.V.
Abstract
Results of the analysis of the species composition of invasive flora of the Russian Black Sea coast presented. Bioclimatic and ecological and geographical requirements for the most aggressive invasive species are given. Most subjects of invasive species naturalized in the south of the Russian Black Sea coast, historically confined to the biome deciduous temperate forests. Bioclimatic conditions of the south of the Russian Black Sea coast are suitable for the majority of alien species that creates the preconditions for the further spread of these species in the course of human development of the territory. As a result of climate change conditions in the south of the Russian Black Sea will become even more comfortable for the spread of invasive species.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(1):7-17
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FEATURES AND PROSPECTS OF ECOLOGICAL TOURISM IN NATIONAL PARK MONTENEGRO
Aleynikova A.M., Gaivoron T.D., Eremin M.A., Marash A.
Abstract
In Montenegro, there are a variety of resources of eco-tourism, environmental education - picturesque landscape unaltered by human activities, a network of national parks, monuments of nature, biological, geological, ecosystem diversity, protected species of plants and animals. In Montenegro, there are five national parks with total area of 107 500 hectares (almost 10% of the total area of the country).Each park has a rich natural, historical and cultural tourist and recreational resources.Identified ecological and geographical features of the National Parks of Montenegro, the possibility of eco-tourism.For example, the National Park “Skadar Lake” is designed eco-educational tour for students.The purpose of the tour: the acquisition of knowledge about the ecological and geographical, cultural and historical features of the Skadar Lake, the formation of research competence of students in the study and evaluation of the ecological condition of natural and man-made systems.Tasks: introduction to the natural attractions of the Skadar lake (flora, fauna, natural ecosystems); understanding the cultural and historical monuments of Skadar Lake; identify human activities that24Алейникова А.М., Гайворон Т.Д., Еремина М.А., Мараш А. Особенности и перспективы...alter natural systems; promote education of ecological culture of students as part of a general culture of human relations with each other and with nature.For the optimal development of eco-tourism is necessary to develop a network of national parks, organization of museums of nature, nature trails.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(1):18-25
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INFLUENCE OF INDUSTRIAL EMISSIONS OF CO2 ON BIOSPHERIC PARAMETERS OF ECOSYSTEMS OF THE COUNTRIES OF BRICS
Kurbatova A.I., Tarko A.M.
Abstract
Modeling of dynamics of the biosphere for the period of 1860-2100 on spatial model of a global cycle of carbon in the biosphere on the basis of new world these industrial emissions of carbon dioxide of the countries of the world till 2010 is carried out. Calculations for the countries of the largest emitors of CO2 in the atmosphere and the BRICS group countries are made. In 2010 absorption by ecosystems in the territory of Russia almost equaled to emissions of CO2 while the largest emitors of CO2 China, USA, Japan and India were strong emitors of CO2 and a little it absorbed. It is shown that thanks to increase of concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, despite considerable cutting down of rainforests and an erosion of soils in Brazil, India, the Republic of South Africa growth of concentration of CO2 and temperature in these countries led to increase in year production and phytoweight and a humus countrywide that compensates effect of partial reduction of phytoweight from cutting down of trees. During the modelled period the greatest gain of phytoweight occurred in Russia, the lowest - in the Republic of South Africa.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(1):26-36
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ECOSYSTEMS FOR POWERPLANTS WITH RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES
Artamonov G.E., Gutnikov V.A.
Abstract
Russia ecosystems have significant potential for various types of alternative energy sources development (AES) throughout the country. Especially great potential for wind, geothermal and solar energy. However, alternative energy sources are not well represented in Russia. As a result Russia is far behind the others economically developed countries now.The aim of this study is ecosystem-based analysis of renewable energy facilities activity in Russia, and linking production activities of energy facilities with the performance of ecosystems. As of 01.01.2014 the share of alternative energy sources in the electric power Russia is about 0,3%. The total capacity of alternative energy sources is 480 MW, of which: the share of wind power plants - 18,2%, solar power plants - 65%, geothermal power plants - 16,5% and tidal power - 0,3%.The basis for the alternative energy sources development is climatic conditions of ecosystems and settlements energy supply. Installed capacity of AES is associated with indicators of the impact on the ecosystem and the area used by the power facilities.Ensuring the implementation of AES construction projects in Russia will meet the growing demand for electricity in energy-deficient regions of the country, significantly reduce annual emissions of pollutants and greenhouse gases and make greater use of independent sources in remote regions.Research in the field of natural resource management and environmental protection are the basis for the state programs of territories development for cities of the Russian Federation. Examination of the ecological potential and strategies for landscape development in the region is the basis for urban planning.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(1):37-45
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OPTIMIZING OPERATING OF SNOWMELT FACILITIES
Deryusheva N.L.
Abstract
Proving the coolant supply method for intensification snow blocks to melt on the results of experimental simulation of process snowmelt. In order to protect the environment from pollution street pavements during unloading and export of sediment transport from the loading chamber of snowmelt facilities, it is proposed to apply the jet apparatus for their pumping with compressed air and further forwarding of sewage collector to the wastewater treatment plant.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(1):46-51
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THE STUDY OF THE SURFACE RUNOFF COMPOSITION FROM THE RAILROAD ON THE LINES OF LOW INTENSITY MOVEMENT AND FAR FROM LARGE INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES
Gorbunov O.Y., Kharlamova M.D.
Abstract
The article investigates the composition of the railroad surface flow. Laboratory tests results of water samples taken in November 2015 from a specially installed trays-receivers are submited. It gives evaluation of the results and offers recommendations for improving the accuracy and reliability of future research.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(1):52-57
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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SPECIAL ASSESMENT OF WORKING CONDITIONS AND CERTIFICATION OF WORKPLACES
Kulieva G.A., Kochanova M.I., Lunev D.V.
Abstract
А comparative analysis of special assessment of working conditions and certification of workplaces was conducted. It was revealed that the aborted procedure of certification of workplaces allows control of all production factors affecting on employers. Introduction of a special assessment of working conditions reduces the control over production conditions, because it does not take into account a number of physical factors such as electromagnetic and electrostatic fields, partially parameters of illumination, microclimate on the workplaces of “office” type. However, as shown by the results of measurements, there is excess on some of the uncontrollable factors. Thus, a special assessment of working conditions can not contribute to the creation of favorable conditions on workplaces of office type.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(1):58-64
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CRITERIA OF INLAND SURFACE WATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT IN THE RF AND EU
Tsoupikova N.A.
Abstract
The article describes effective criteria for water quality assessment in the EU and RF, including system of surface water quality standards, maximum permissible concentrations of chemical and radioactive substances, microorganisms and other water quality indicators in water bodies. Such comparison seems essential for convergence of the RF and EU environmental legislation identified as one of priorities determined by the Road Map for the Common Economic Space.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(1):65-77
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MODERN DESIGN SOLUTIONS TO PROTECT PEOPLE FROM NOISE ENERGY
Skvortsov A.N.
Abstract
Research of influence of adverse factors of the environment of life on physical development and population health is one of actual problems of modern ecology. The article is devoted to the solution of actual problems of protection of the population from noise energies production facilities. Production facilities everywhere are equipped with noisy equipment. That long-term exposure to noise leads to an increase in slow-wave activity, as well as changes in visual and auditory cortical response, with an increase in latency and a decrease in the amplitude values of the main peaks, indicating that the stress response of animals to the stimulus. If the noise energies level from the object in a residential area exceeds the permissible levels (RC), theysound events. The guestion of this article is just one of the most wide spread means of protection from noise energies acoustic screen. The authors have proposed a variant of an acoustic screen. The evaluation of soundproofing of acoustic baffle from direct affection of noise energies was made by calculations.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(1):78-87
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SECURITY FEATURES ECOLOGICAL SAFETY PHYSICAL CULTURE, SPORT AND TOURISM
Polievskiy S.A., Orlova V.S., Smirnova I.P.
Abstract
In this paper opened the main directions of the security of physical culture, sport and tourism, opportunities and ways to implement them. Safety of occupation and work in sports facilities (open sports fields and stadiums, parks, swimming pools, sports and exercise rooms) should be considered taking into account the ages, preferences and peculiarities of dealing with sports disciplines. The classification of risk involved in physical education, sports and tourism. It is necessary to increase the level of environmental education and the use of sport as a tool for positive impact on the sports environment.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(1):88-97
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INFLUENCE OF EDUCATIONAL AND TRAINING CLASSES IN KARATE ON THE CONDITION OF CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM OF PUPILS DEPENDING ON ECOLOGICAL CONDITIONS OF THE DISTRICT
Martyshov A.V., Goryunova S.V.
Abstract
In work data on influence of educational and training classes in karate on a condition of cardiovascular system of pupils depending on ecological conditions of territories and sports occupations are submitted. Researches it was carried out on selections of 30 teenagers (young men) of age of 15-16 years. 3 groups were created: «skilled», «control», «basic» groups which had the different level of sports skill. Classes were given in the districts of Moscow, different in ecological conditions (The Southern district - adverse and Western - favorable).The obtained data testify that for most of athletes of skilled group time interval three minutes was is sufficient for almost complete recovery of cardiovascular system after physical activity. At athletes basic groups are noted considerable fluctuations of values of the indexes of a variation pulse received at measurement of initial level and after restoration time.In the comparative analysis of ecological conditions of a venue of trainings it was revealed that adverse ecological conditions (pollution of atmospheric air toxicant) at three studied groups («basic»,«control», «skilled») time of restoration of indicators of pulse after physical activity were outside norm and exceeded for 10-15% of initial values of warm pulse (before physical activity).
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(1):98-106
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RHEOLOGICAL FEATURES ERYTHROCYTES IN MIDDLE-AGED ADULTS, EXERCISE REGULARLY ON A TREADMILL
Kutafina N.V., Belova T.A.
Abstract
Objective. Rate micro rheological properties of red blood cells in people of mature age regular physical exercising on a treadmill.The total number of surveyed was 106 people, of whom 25 were under the age of 22 years, 28 people 30 years of age, 27 people aged 40 and 26 people 55 years of age on a regular basis for at least 1 hour a day, experiencing at home exercise on treadmill for at least the last 3 years. The paper used biochemical, hematological and statistical methods.It was found that regular exercise on a treadmill in mature individuals between 22 and 55 years a positive impact on the state of the lipid composition of red blood cells, accompanied by a weakening in their lipid peroxidation, increasing content in their blood discoid erythrocytes at a stable low level of reversibly and irreversibly transformed their species. These changes ensure the development of some of the surveyed prevalence of potential blood-thinning over the potential of its thickening. Thus, the weighted average value of the potential thickening, characterizing the whole process related to thickening of blood in the examined mature persons performing regularly jogs on the treadmill equal to 0.096. The value of the weighted average of potential blood thinners, which determines one digit capacity of the organism to contain the process of thickening of blood taken from people in the study was 0,098. As a result, the overall potential of the rheology of the surveyed did not have pathology of mature people exercising regularly physically on the treadmill had a slight negative, amounting to -0,002.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(1):107-115
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CONTACT HEADACHES WITH DIET
Tulchin E.G., Sidorov E.P.
Abstract
This study examined the results of prime test in people 25 men and 25 women suffering from headaches and 159 men and 261 women who have no headaches. Using discriminant analysis results120Тульчина Е.Г., Сидоров Е.П. Связь головной боли с диетойprime test was able to show that with high accuracy can be divided into two groups of people with headaches and without the headaches (the accuracy of separation of the group was 95.53% for men and for women - 92.31%) . The authors showed that in men 28 products, and for women 23 products contribute to the emergence of headaches, and 25 products reduces the likelihood of their occurrence in men and 26 in women. Thus women and men on the lists of products affecting the occurrence of headaches vary considerably. The authors suggest that the majority of cases, the headache can be attributed to an autoimmune process, for food, while not rejecting the views of other causes. Men headaches cause the following products: horseradish, formaldehyde, blueberries, blackberries, potatoes, cucumbers, dill, mandarin, marjoram (oregano), pineapple, tobacco, peas, oil, oysters, pomegranates, peanuts, walnuts, mint, paprika, beans, mold, cheese (cow’s milk), nectarines, zucchini, tomatoes, chilli pepper, herring, salmon, peaches. Women - avocado, currants, papaya, tuna, peas, rapeseed oil, goose, beans, oil, mango, yeast, cheese (cow’s milk), catfish, lentils, flounder, salmon, salad, squid, tobacco, cauliflower, fennel , honey, plum.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(1):116-121
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LEVEL OF ADAPTATION POTENTIAL AND MORPHOFUNCTIONAL STATE OF CHILDREN 7-8 YEARS OLD, LIVING IN ECOLOGICALLY UNFAVORABLE CONDITIONS OF THE LARGE MEGALOPOLIS
Shibkov A.A., Efimova N.V.
Abstract
Living conditions in megalopolises and the modern educational environment bear risks for health of younger generation, modifying mechanisms of age development and adaptation reserves of the main life support systems of a human body. The analysis of a morfofunktsionalny condition of children of 7-8 years at the initial stage of adaptation to process of tutoring at school living in adverse ecological conditions of the large industrial center of South Ural - Chelyabinsk is presented in article.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(1):122-132
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NAShI AVTORY
- -.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(1):133-135
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