Hydrogen application in internal combustion engines

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Abstract


A technical solution has been proposed to reduce the consumption of basic hydrocarbon fuel, to improve the technical, economic and environmental performance of internal combustion engines by affecting the combustion process of the fuel-air mixture with a minimum effective mass fraction of hydrogen additive in the fuel-air mixture. The burning rate of hydrogen-air mixtures is an order of magnitude greater than the burning rate of similar mixtures based on gasoline or diesel fuel, compared with the former, they are favorably distinguished by their greater detonation stability. With minimal additions of hydrogen to the fuel-air charge, its combustion time is significantly reduced, since hydrogen, having previously mixed with a portion of the air entering the cylinder and burning itself, effectively ignites the mixture in its entirety. Issues related to the accumulation of hydrogen on board the car, its storage, explosion safety, etc., significantly inhibit the development of mass production of cars using hydrogen fuel. The described technical solution allows the generation of hydrogen on board the car and without accumulation to use it as an additive to the main fuel in internal combustion engines. The technical result is to reduce the consumption of hydrocarbon fuels (of petroleum origin) and increase the environmental friendliness of the car due to the reduction of the emission of harmful substances in exhaust gases.


About the authors

Arthur R. Asoyan

Moscow Automobile and Road Construction State Technical University; Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Author for correspondence.
Email: asoyan.ar@mail.ru
64 Leningradsky Ave, Moscow, 125319, Russian Federation; 6 Miklukho-Maklaya St, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

Professor of the Department of Automotive Transport and Car Service of (MADI), Associate Professor of the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Instrument Engineering of Engineering Academy of RUDN University, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor

Igor K. Danilov

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: asoyan.ar@mail.ru
6 Miklukho-Maklaya St, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

Professor of the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Instrument Engineering of Engineering Academy of RUDN University, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor

Igor A. Asoyan

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: asoyan.ar@mail.ru
6 Miklukho-Maklaya St, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

graduate student of the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Instrument Engineering of Engineering Academy of RUDN University

Georgy M. Polishchuk

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: asoyan.ar@mail.ru
6 Miklukho-Maklaya St, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

Professor of the Department of Mechanics and Mechatronics of Engineering Academy of RUDN University, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor

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Copyright (c) 2020 Asoyan A.R., Danilov I.K., Asoyan I.A., Polishchuk G.M.

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