Perspective of gold-bearing deposits in the ferruginous-siliceous formations of Egypt and Kursk Magnetic Anomaly

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Abstract


Banded ferruginous-siliceous formations (FSF) are confined to the Precambrian basement of the Arabian-Nubian Shield within the central part of the Eastern Desert of Egypt. Gold mineralization is spatially associated with banded ferruginous quartzite, representing one of the most ancient manifestations of gold ore. The Precambrian rocks are combined into deposits complex of the Neoproterozoic Pan-African megacycle of the territory development. Banded iron-silicate rocks occur in sedimentary-volcanogenic rocks that were formed in the subduction trough zones, and are represented by metamorphosed ferruginous quartzites, jaspilites and schists. FSF show tectonic dislocations, shear cracks, and fracture cracks made by gold-quartz-sulphide mineralization. Promising for the identification of gold-bearing mineralization in the rocks of the FSF can be iron-silicate deposits with the occurrence of epigenetic hydrothermal activity as a result of activation of the submarine volcanism of the tholeiitic type.


About the authors

Hani E. Sharafeldin

Sergo Ordzhonikidze Russian State University for Geological Prospecting

Author for correspondence.
Email: hanisharfeldin@gmail.com
23 Miklukho-Maklaya St., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation

Alexander A. Vercheba

Sergo Ordzhonikidze Russian State University for Geological Prospecting

Email: hanisharfeldin@gmail.com
23 Miklukho-Maklaya St., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation

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