Current state of knowledge on the problem of water objects’ frozen watersides destruction

Cover Page


Due to the fact that the vast territory of Russia is located in the zone of permafrost, there is an urgent need to study coastal erosion, taking place not only during the construction cycle, but also during the subsequent operation of commissioned facilities, in particular hydrotechnical ones. The analysis of recent papers of foreign and domestic researchers who work in the field of knowledge of water objects’ frozen coasts destruction was made. The influence of the energy of a moving water flow on the reformation of the coastal slope and on the stability of river channels as a whole was considered. Analysis of the results of mathematical and laboratory modeling showed that the channel deformations of the rivers flowing in the cryolithozone differ significantly from the deformations of the channels laid in soils which are not affected by the water-ice phase transition. The causes of the erosion of the frozen shores in the under permafrost conditions are not only mechanical, but also thermic components during the movement of water, which indicates the instability of the permafrost as a solid. All this should be considered when designing hydraulic engineering objects.

About the authors

Evgeniy K. Sinichenko

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Author for correspondence.
6 Miklukho-Maklaya St., Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

Associate Professor of Department of Construction, Engineering Academy, Candidate of Technical Sciences

Fedor V. Rekach

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

6 Miklukho-Maklaya St., Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

Associate Professor of Department of Construction, Engineering Academy, Candidate of Technical Sciences

Svetlana L. Shambina

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

6 Miklukho-Maklaya St., Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

Associate Professor of Department of Construction, Engineering Academy, Candidate of Technical Sciences


  1. De Koven Leffingwell E. The Canning River region, northern Alaska. U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper. 1919;(109).
  2. Cooper RH, Hollingshead AB. River bank erosion in regions of permafrost. Fluvial processes and sedimentation: Proc. Hydrology Symposium, Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton. 1973;(9): 272-283.
  3. McDonald BC, Lewis CP. Geomorphical and sedimentologic processes of rivers and coast, Yukon coastal plain: Environmental-Social Comm. Northern Pipelines, Task Force on Northern Oil Devel., Rept. 1973;(73-79).
  4. Kane DL, Slaughter CW. Seasonal regime and hydrological significance of stream icings in central Alaska. The role of snow and ice in hydrology: Proc. Banff Symposia, Sept. 1972. 1972;(1): 528-540.
  5. Walker HJ, Arnborg L. Permafrost and ice-wedge effects on riverbank erosion. Permafrost: Internat. Conf., Lafayette, Indiana, Proc. 1966;(1287): 164-171.
  6. Ritchie W, Walker HJ. Riverbank forms of the Colville River delta. In: Reed JCJr., Sater JE (eds.). The coast and shelf of the Beaufort Sea: Arctic Inst. North America. 1974: 545-562.
  7. Walker HJ. Morphology of the North Slope. In: Britton ME (ed.). Alaskan arctic tundra: Arctic Inst. North America Tech. Paper 25. 1973: 49-92.
  8. Bvidel J. Typen der Talbildung in verschiedenen klimamorphologischen Zonen. Zeitschr. Geomorph., Suppl. 1972;14: 1-20.
  9. Outhet DN. Progress report on bank erosion studies in the Mackenzie River delta, N.W.T. Hydrologic aspects of northern pipeline development, 1974: Environmental-Social Comm. Northern Pipelines, Task Force on Northern Oil Devel., Rept. 1974;(74-12): 297-345.
  10. Miles M. An investigation of riverbank and coastal erosion, Banks Island, District of Franklin. Geol. Survey Canada Paper 76-1A. 1976: 195-200.
  11. Abramov RV. Nishi vytaivaniya [Thaw-out niches]. Priroda. 1957;46(7): 112-113.
  12. Debolskiy V.K., Debolskaya Ye.I., Dolgopolova Ye.N., Maslikova O.Ya., Gritsuk I.I., Ionov D.N. Problemy i sovremennye issledovaniya gidrodinamiki i ledotermiki ruslovykh potokov [Problems and modern studies of hydrodynamics and ice-thermals of channel flows]. Izbrannye trudy Instituta vodnykh problem RAN 1967-2017. Vol. 2. Moscow: KURS Publ.; 2017. p. 101-124.
  13. Debolskiy VK, Gritsuk II, Ionov DN, Maslikova OYa. Razmytie merzlykh beregov severnykh rek v zavisimosti ot napravleniya beregovogo uklona [Blurring the frozen banks of the northern rivers depending on the direction of the coastal slope]. Vestnik MGSU. 2018;13(9): 1112-1124. doi: 10.22227/1997-0935
  14. Debolskaya YeI, Debolskiy VK, Maslikova OYa, Gritsuk II, Ionov DN. Modelirovanie deformatsiy rusel, slozhennykh merzlymi porodami, pri povyshenii temperatury okruzhayushchey sredy [Modeling deformations of channels formed by frozen rocks with increasing ambient temperature]. Led i sneg [Ice and Snow]. 2013;1(121): 104-110. (In Russ.)
  15. Maslikova OYa. Eksperimentalnoe issledovanie intensivnosti snegotayaniya na laboratornoy modeli [Experimental study of the intensity of snow melting in a laboratory model]. Prirodoobustroystvo [Environmental engineering]. 2016;(1): 28-33. (In Russ.)
  16. Gritsuk II, Debolskaya YeI, Debolskiy VK, Maslikova OYa, Ponomarev NK. Vliyanie osadkov v vide dozhdya na deformatsii beregovogo sklona rusel rek v usloviyakh mnogoletnemerzlykh porod [The effect of precipitation in the form of rain on the deformation of the coastal slope of the river beds in permafrost conditions]. Led i sneg [Ice and Snow]. 2012;3(119): 73-78. (In Russ.)
  17. Ionov DN, Gritsuk II. Issledovanie transporta nanosov kak rezultata deformatsii beregovogo sklona, vklyuchayushchego merzlyy grunt, na laboratornoy modeli [Investigation of sediment transport as a result of deformation of the coastal slope, including frozen soil, on a laboratory model]. Prirodoobustroystvo [Environmental engineering]. 2016;(4): 32-38. (In Russ.)
  18. Gritsuk II, Ionov DN, Debolskiy VK, Maslikova OYa. Laboratornoe issledovanie deformatsiy v nizhnem befe na primere Rybinskogo gidrouzla [Laboratory investigation of deformations in the downstream by the example of the Rybinsk hydroelectric complex]. Stroitel’naya mekhanika inzhenernykh konstruktsii i sooruzhenii [Structural mechanics of engineering constructions and buildings]. 2017;(1): 70-78. (In Russ.)
  19. Debolskiy VK, Maslikova OYa, Ionov DN, Gritsuk II, Dzhumagulova NT. Laboratornoe issledovanie vliyaniya potoka na protaivanie podvodnogo sklona i tempy beregovoy erozii v usloviyakh kriolitozony [Laboratory study of the effect of flow on the thawing of the submerged slope and the rate of coastal erosion under cryolithozone conditions]. RUDN Journal of Engineering Researches. 2017;(2): 182-192. (In Russ.)
  20. Kotlyakov AV, Gritsuk II, Maslikova OYa, Ponomarev NK. Eksperimentalnoe issledovanie vliyaniya ldistosti gruntov, slagayushchikh ruslo rek, na dinamiku beregovogo sklona [Experimental study of the effect of ice content in the soils that form the river bed on the dynamics of the coastal slope]. Led i sneg [Ice and Snow]. 2011;2(114): 92-98. (In Russ.)
  21. Debolskiy VK, Debolskaya YeI, Kotlyakov AV, Derbenev MV, Zamyatina EV. Sovremennaya prostranstvenno-vremennaya izmenchivost ledovykh yavleniy v ustevykh oblastyakh rek rossiyskoy Zapadnoy Arktiki [Modern spatial-temporal variability of ice phenomena in the estuarine regions of the rivers of the Russian Western Arctic News of the Russian Academy of Sciences]. Izvestiya RAN. Seriya geograficheskaya. 2008;(2): 36-42. (In Russ.)
  22. Debolskaya YeI. Dinamika vodnykh pokrovov pod ledyanym pokrovom [Dynamics of water under the ice cover]. Moscow: IVP RAN Publ.; MGUP Publ., 2003. (In Russ.)
  23. Debol’skaya EI, Gritsuk II, Debol’skii VK, Ionov DN, Maslikova OYa. Effect of Bank Deformations on Pollutant Transport in Rivers in Cryolithozone: Laboratory and Mathematical Modeling. Water Resources. 2018;45-2(4): 542-552. doi: 10.1134/S0097807818040073
  24. Maslikova OYa. Zimnie navodneniya v usloviyakh kriolitozony, vyzvannye ledovymi yavleniyami na rekakh [Winter floods in the conditions of cryolithozone caused by ice phenomena on the rivers]. Prirodoobustroystvo. 2013;(2): 60-65. (In Russ.)
  25. Maslikova OYa, Kozlov DV. Vliyanie zimnikh i vesennikh usloviy na razmyv rek v kriolitozone [Impact of winter and spring conditions on river erosion in the cryolithozone]. Prirodoobustroystvo. 2014;(1): 54-59. (In Russ.)
  26. Debol’skaya EI. A model of river bank deformations under the simultaneous effect of waves from a hydropower plant and warming. Evolving Water Resources Systems: Understanding, Predicting and Managing Water - Society Interactions: Proceedings of ICWRS-2014, Bologna, Italy, June 2014. IAHS Publ.; 2014.



Abstract - 318

PDF (Russian) - 257



Copyright (c) 2019 Sinichenko E.K., Rekach F.V., Shambina S.L.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies