No 1 (2016)

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Articles
AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY IN CENTRAL AND EAST EUROPEAN COUNTRIES: MODERN DEVELOPMENT TRENDS
Vozmilova S.S., Volgina N.A.
Abstract
In recent years we can observe the dramatic development of the automotive industry in Central and Eastern European countries (CEE). During the period of 2000-2014 the share of CEE countries in the world auto production rose from 1.8% to 5%, and in European production - from 5% to 20% correspondingly. Foreign investment became the main driver of this growth; and the key motives for the process were not only favourable economic factors (production capacity held from Soviet times, relatively low wages of workers compared with their relatively high technical professional skills, good geographical location), but also effective industrial policy by CEE governments. Foreign investors, including Volkswagen, Renault, Peugeot-Citroen, Fiat, GM, Ford, Toyota, Hyundai-KIA, Suzuki, used different methods to enter CEE market - from brownfield investment and M&A to greenfield investment. The authors came to the conclusion that the main feature of the automotive sector in CEE became its export-oriented character, and key development trend - the building-up of value added chains in CEE countries, location of assembly plants (Czech Republic and Slovak Republic are the leaders), and later - suppliers of various levels.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2016;(1):7-21
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TRANSATLANTIC ECONOMIC INTEGRATION: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR RUSSIAN BUSINESS
Zaytsev Y.K.
Abstract
The article analyzes the main directions of the emerging system of institutional arrangements between the US and the EU in the ongoing process of transatlantic integration. The paper discusses the most controversial areas of integration and assesses the challenges of transatlantic partnership, including those, which relate to Russian business. The author concludes that in case of cancellation of US and EU sanctions the transatlantic partnership would not have a significant impact on Russia. The partnership carries more serious consequences for the Russian economy in case of continued sanctions.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2016;(1):22-31
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CHALLENGES FOR THE EUROZONE BANKING SECTOR AFTER THE GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS
Strenina M.A., Sahling C.
Abstract
This article is devoted to the analysis of the Eurozone banking sector after the global financial crisis in 2007. The development of the European banking crisis and the main rescue measures that should stabilise the banking sector are examined. This article considers some problems of the banking sector which include the shrinkage in bank lending to non-financial corporations, the rising interest rates on loans to non-financial corporations and a widespread loss of confidence in the banking system. On the basis of statistical data from 2006 to October 2015 some development trends of banking sector indicators are underlined and a comparative analysis of the indicators before and after the recent financial crisis is conducted. In conclusion the article says that the undertaken rescue measures were not able to solve all reviewed problems of the banking sector in the Eurozone.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2016;(1):32-41
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THE FORMATION OPTIMUM STRATEGY OF DEVELOPMENT DAIRY-GROCERY COMPLEX OF VENEZUELA
Molina R.Y., Makarova E.P.
Abstract
In the article on the basis of the study was proposed by the author’s model of modernization dairy- grocery complex designed to increase production efficiency, increasing productivity and efficiency of the dairy herd, expansion of the market position of domestic milk producers, the increase in state support for agricultural production, evaluation and analysis of the realization of modernization on different stages of the model that provides continuous monitoring of external and internal environment of functioning of a dairy-grocery complex allows you to quickly identify the negative situations and to carry out the adjustment mechanism for the modernization of a dairy-grocery complex in view of violations. The versatility of the proposed model is the ability to use it at any level of governance: how macroeconomic and at the level of the agricultural enterprise.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2016;(1):42-49
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PUBLIC-PRIVATEPARTNERSHIPINAFRICA: OBJECTIVESANDCONDI TIONSOFDEVELOPMENT, THEFACTORSOFSTABILITYANDTHEMAIN CHARACTERISTICS
Pashkova E.V., Tambo T.H.
Abstract
The article examines the nature and various aspects of the public-private partnership (PPP) in developing countries of Africa has made analysis factors which promotes and prevent the development of partnerships, as well as factors of stability of PPP in the country which emphasizes on the role of legislation in various stages of implementation of PPP projects. Allocating the principles on which should be based on a good partnership of the state and the private sector, not with standing the importance of the views of society about the PPP projects, especially designed for a long term. Highlights issues of providing guarantees to all participants of the partnership in order to minimize risk and possible economic damage. In conclusion, the authors conclude that the PPP - is not a panacea for all social and economic ills and problems of developing countries. Nevertheless, it’s also a shortage of investment in resources .PPPs can play a positive role in the implementation of water and sanitation projects.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2016;(1):50-57
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SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DIFFERENTIATION OF REGIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
Temirova A.B., Abdimomynova A.S.
Abstract
In the context of the regionalization of the economy and globalization of world markets of goods and services the regions act as independent subjects of competition. In the market conditions regions competing with each other for investment resources (public, private and foreign), attracting businesses, taxpayers, as well as all sources of resources and markets. In article basic indicators of social and economic development of regions of Kazakhstan are analyzed, methodological approaches to measurement of regional competitiveness by calculation of traditional indicators and integrated indicators are systematized. Negative consequences of the advancing development of raw sector which are reduced to the following are revealed: social and economic differentiation of regions increases; there is an exhaustion of a source of raw materials.The advancing development of raw sector leads to emergence of the problem non-oil regions which are characterized by rather low level of the real monetary income of the population, low budgetary supply at the expense of own sources of the income.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2016;(1):58-69
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CLASSIFICATION OF THE MAIN METHODS AND TOOLS OF LEAN
Belysh K.V.
Abstract
This article discusses the lack of theoretical elaboration of issues in the field of classification of the growing number of different tools and techniques - as one of the possible causes of the problem of the organization lean on the Russian industrial enterprises. The author of the work, there are three possible approaches that the main classification methods and tools of Lean: by types of losses, the directions and the nature of the practical application. Described in the classification help more effectively to put into practice the basic methods and tools of Lean.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2016;(1):70-77
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TECHNOLOGICAL FORECASTING: PROBLEMS AND METHODS
Solovieva Y.V.
Abstract
In article the main problems of technological forecasting in the conditions of formation and development of the innovative focused economy are considered. The essence and the main methods of technological forecasting, feature of their practical application reveal. On the basis of the carried-out analysis the author draws a conclusion about need of creation of models in which various not technology factors are used as the exogenous variables predicted in such a way that received by means of their value could be used as entrance data for model of innovative and technological forecasting.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2016;(1):78-86
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NAShI AVTORY
- -.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2016;(1):87-88
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