Impact of changes in economic pressures on the activities of foreign oil and gas companies in Venezuela

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Abstract


The article discusses several new laws in the oil and gas sector of Venezuela, which appeared at the beginning of the 21st century. It also presents the tax regimes in this area of the country and the types of tax and economic burdens that apply to these regimes; highlights the main problematic aspects of changes in tax legislation and the consequences on the activities of foreign companies and the development of the oil and gas sector of the country as a result of such changes. It is concluded that the increase in state revenues not solve the problem of attracting investments in the oil and gas sector of the country, and only scare off a large company in the future (Exxon Mobil and ConocoPhillips have left the Venezuelan market), resulting in a fall in production at the country, its government revenues, and then slowing down economic growth in the country. As an alternative approach to improving state regulation and the conduct of the oil business in the country, the options for improving this situation are presented: to increase the share of foreign companies in strategic partnerships; review the tax system for oil companies; allow some programs to be implemented directly by foreign companies; and propose new distribution and profitability schemes that will adapt to the current international hydrocarbon market.


About the authors

Elmira A. Chadaeva

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Author for correspondence.
Email: ak-4763@yandex.ru
6 Miklukho-Maklaya St, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

postgraduate student, Department of Ibero-American Studies

Elvis Ojeda Kalluni

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: eojeda@mail.ru
6 Miklukho-Maklaya St, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

Cand. Econ. Sci. (PhD), Associate Professor, Department of Ibero-American Studies

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