Global artificial intelligence systems and technology market: formation and development trends

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Abstract


Every day more and more companies rely on artificial intelligence, from small startups to large companies, among which stand out not only the IT giants Google, Microsoft, Facebook, IBM, but even those that seemingly far from this topic - for example, General Motors and Boeing created a joint laboratory for AI research. It becomes obvious that AI technology is the real mainstream of our time. The article examines the global market for artificial intelligence systems and technologies. The authors described the peculiarities of the formation of this market and the main trends and segments in its development. The goal of research - identify the dynamics, features and trends of the global market for artificial intelligence systems and technologies. The methodology of system analysis, the dialectical method of scientific cognition, methods of historical, logical and comparative analysis are used. The concept of artificial intelligence has been systematized, the dynamics of the global market for artificial intelligence systems and technologies have been revealed, as well as in the regional context. The relationship between its dynamics and the sharp jump in performance of information processing algorithms, which became possible due to the fast computer based on GPUs, an avalanche-like data growth and the emergence of almost unlimited possibilities for storage and technology access, has been detected. It is shown that the global market for artificial intelligence technologies is in a phase of inflated expectations and with a high enough level of risk for investors. The main trends and segments in the development of the global market for artificial intelligence systems and technologies have been identified. These include deep learning technologies, the convergence of AI technologies with other technologies such as analytics, ERP, the Internet of Things, blockchain, and even quantum computing, which has the greatest impact, the development of cognitive intelligence systems, and the creation of a cognitive computer. It is shown that business leaders consider AI fundamental and absolutely necessary for the development of future business opportunities. It has been proven that the rapid development of AI systems and technologies is not just another technological innovation, but the technological platform of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, which is associated with hopes for accelerating the economic growth of the world economy, increasing the competitiveness of countries and companies.


About the authors

Vladimir M. Matyushok

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Author for correspondence.
Email: vmatyushok@mail.ru
6 Miklukho-Maklaya St, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

Doctor of Economics, Full Professor, Director of the International Center for Emerging Markets Research

Vera A. Krasavina

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: verunjasha@yandex.ru
6 Miklukho-Maklaya St, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

Associate Professor of the Competitiveness Management in the Rocket and Space Industry Department

Sergey V. Matyushok

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: matyushok-sv@rudn.ru
6 Miklukho-Maklaya St, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor of the Department of Economic and Mathematical Modeling of the Faculty of Economics

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