Human factor in the strategy of sustainable leadership of PJSC Gazprom

Cover Page

Abstract


Gazprom’s human capital (as HDI) is one of the most important resources of the corporation, which ensures its competitive strength in the Russian and international energy market. One of the main goals of PJSC Gazprom is the formation of a highly professional, responsible and cohesive team that effectively develops projects and solves a variety of tasks not only at the corporate level, but the country and the world. Therefore, the assessment of PJSC Gazprom staff readiness for the competition of the corporation in the domestic and external markets is relevant. Modeling the level of development of the enterprise’s human capital, based on the example of Gazprom corporation, according to certain indicators, determining their role in the development and competitiveness of the organization. To conduct the study, the works of scientists were analyzed, official data of the annual reports on the activities of PJSC Gazprom in the field of sustainable development for 2000-2018 were used. In order to assess the readiness of the corporation's human capital to sustainable development of the enterprise, a regression analysis and an econometric study were carried out using the MS Excel and Eviews10 application software packages. As a result of the study, it was found that a positive corporate human capital has a significant impact on competitiveness and an increase in the company’s value and the constructed model for assessing company’s human capital, based on the example of PJSC Gazprom, enables to make a forecast for the near future. Russia has occupied 49 place in the World Ranking (HDI = 0.824) in 2019 in terms of the level of development of the human capital according to the World Bank and has got into a very high level of development. Despite this fact, Russian HDI in World Ranking occupies only 46% against 70% of developed countries. World Bank experts claims, it will take Russia about 100 years to catch up with developed countries on this indicator. Russia does not have that kind of time, so the country has actively joined on every front. Obviously, the human capital of each corporation makes a certain contribution to changing the human capital of the country in one direction or another, and the human capital of PJSC Gazprom is able to significantly increase this indicator.


About the authors

Nina M. Baranova

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Author for correspondence.
Email: baranova-nm@rudn.ru
SPIN-code: 1348-6462
6 Miklukho-Maklaya St, 117198, Moscow, Russian Federation

Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Economic and Mathematical Modeling, Faculty of Economics

Sergey N. Larin

Central Economic Mathematical Institute of the RAS

Email: larinsn@cemi.rssi.ru
SPIN-code: 3956-1920
47 Nakhimovsky Ave, 117418, Moscow, Russian Federation

Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Researcher of the Department of Modeling Production Facilities and Complexes, Laboratory for Simulation of Interaction of Economic Objects

References

  1. Antonenko, V.V., Laktyuhina, E.G., & Antonov, G.V. (2016). Celesoobraznost` investicij v chelovecheskij kapital sovremennoj rossijskoj molodezhi: mnenie rabotodatelej [Feasibility of investment in Russia’s young human capital: employers' sentiment]. Nacional'nye interesy: prioritety i bezopasnost' [National Interests: Priorities and Security], 2, 118–130.
  2. Armstrong, M., & Taylor, S. (2018). Praktika upravlenia chelovecheskimi resursami [A Handbook of Human Resource Management Practice]. Moscow: Piter Publ.
  3. Baranova, N.M. (2019). Ekonometricheskoe modelirovanie nekotoryh ekonomicheskih pokazatelej, harakterizuyushchih razvitie chelovecheskogo kapitala Rossii v sovremennyh ekonomicheskih usloviyah [Econometric Modeling of Some Economic Metrics of Human Capital Development in Russia in the Current Economic Situation]. Nacional'nye interesy: prioritety i bezopasnost' [National Interests: Priorities and Security], 15(10), 1802–1818. https://doi.org/10.24891/ ni.15.10.1802
  4. Belkin, V.N., Belkina, N.A., & Antonova, O.A. (2016). Organizacionnyj kapital predpriyatiya [Organizational Capital of the Enterprise]. Ekonomika regiona [Economy of Region], 12(3), 826–838. doi: 10.17059/2016-3-18
  5. Beloshickaya, M.O., Sharapova, I.S., & Yuga, I.P. (2017). Sovershenstvovanie vnutrennego kontrolya sobstvennogo kapitala [Improvement of internal control of own capital]. Nauchnyj al'manah [Scientific Almanac], 1–1 (27), 54–59. doi: 10.17117/na.2017.01.01.054
  6. Birman, L. (2017). Upravlenie chelovecheskimi resursami [Human resources management]. Moscow: Delo Publ. of RANEPA.
  7. Dorogina, M.N. (2016). Problemy upravleniya chelovecheskim kapitalom v sovremennyh ekonomicheskih usloviyah [Problems of human capital management in modern economic conditions]. Aktual'nye problemy sovremennoj nauki [Actual issues of modern science], 4(89), 30–33.
  8. Garafiev, I. (2015). Innovacionnyj chelovecheskij kapital i kognitivnyj trud rabotnika [Innovative human capital and employee cognitive work]. Moscow: Bibcom Publ.
  9. Golovanova, E.N. (2019). Investicii v chelovecheskij kapital predpriyatiya [Investment in the human capital of the enterprise]. Moscow: INFRA-M Publ.
  10. Israilova, Z.R., & Barzaeva, M.A. (2016). Problemy effektivnosti ispol'zovaniya kapitala predpriyatiya [Challenges of effective use of corporations capital]. Dostizheniya nauki i obrazovaniya [Advances in science and education], 10(11), 31–32.
  11. Khudyakova, E.G. (2015). Chelovecheskij kapital kak faktor konkurentosposobnosti predpriyatiya [Human capital as a factor of competitiveness of the company]. Mezhdunarodnyj nauchnoissledovatel'skij zhurnal [International Research Journal], 6(37), 124–126.
  12. Matyushok, V.M., Balashova, S.A., & Lazanyuk, I.V. (2015). Osnovyi ekonometricheskogo modelirovaniya s ispolzovaniem Eviews [Basics of econometric modeling using Eviews]: tutorial. Moscow: RUDN University.
  13. Mazelis, L.S., Emtseva, E.D., Krasova, E.V., & Kras'ko, A.A. (2018). Ocenka vliyaniya chelovecheskogo kapitala na social'no-ekonomicheskoe razvitie: ekonometricheskoe modelirovanie na primere rossijskih regionov [Assessment of the impact of human capital upon the socioeconomic development: econometric modeling on the example of Russian regions]. Trendy i upravlenie [Trends and management], 4, 97–110. doi: 10.7256/ 2454-0730.2018.4.28056
  14. PJSC Gazprom. (2016). Annual Report. Internal Strength. Retrieved January 13 2020 from https://www.gazprom.ru/f/posts/36/607118/gazprom-annual-report-2016-ru.pdf
  15. PJSC Gazprom. (2017). Annual Report. 25 years of Gazprom: 1993–2018. Retrieved January 13 2020 from https://www.gazprom.ru/f/posts/85/227737/gazprom_annual_report_2017_rus.pdf PJSC Gazprom. (2018). Sustainability Report. Retrieved January 15 2020 from https://csr2018. gazprom-neft.ru/download/full-reports/csr_ru_annual-report_pages.pdf
  16. Poelueva, E.V., & Soldatkina, I.A. (2016). Puti povysheniya effektivnosti upravleniya kapitalom sovremennogo predpriyatiya [Ways of improving capital management process of the modern company]. Sovremennye nauchnye issledovaniya i razrabotki [Modern research and development], 3(3), 368–372.
  17. Rogalev, N.D. (2016). Chelovecheskij kapital – osnova innovacionnogo razvitiya rossijskoj energetiki [Human capital as a basis for innovative development of the Russian energy industry]. Energeticheskaya politika [The Energy Policy], (3), 25–30.
  18. Stabinskaite, Iu.A. (2019). The human capital rationale behind the economic growth of the European Union countries: application of the advanced methods to enhance an efficiency of national human capital stocks. RUDN Journal of Economics, 27(1), 35–48. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.22363/2313-2329-2019-27-1-35-48
  19. Sutyagin, V.Yu. (2013). Prakticheskie aspekty ocenki stoimosti kapitala rossijskih kompanij [Practical aspects of assessing the cost of Russian companies’ capital]. Finansovaya analitika: problemy i resheniya [Financial Analytics: Science and Experience], 6(36(174)), 24–34.
  20. Timerbulatov, R.M. (2016). Investicii v chelovecheskij kapital kak faktor povysheniya konkurentosposobnosti predpriyatiya [Investment in human capital as a factor of improving company competitiveness]. Vestnik Saratovskogo gosudarstvennogo social'no-ekonomicheskogo universiteta [Vestnik of Saratov State Socio-Economic University], 2(61), 40–42.

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 124

PDF (Russian) - 59

Cited-By


PlumX

Dimensions


Copyright (c) 2020 Baranova N.M., Larin S.N.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies