Militaryeconomic cooperation of the CSTO and EAEU member states with third countries: challenges and threats to Russia

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Abstract


The Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) was founded in 1992 for military-economic cooperation of member countries and mainly reflects the intention of Russia to maintain its zone of influence on the territory of the former USSR. In continuation of this policy, an agreement was concluded on the foundation of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU), which began its operation in 2015 and provides a certain freedom of movement of goods (services), capital and labor. These organizations provide effective interaction between the CSTO member states and the EAEU including common space between the countries and their development in a single trajectory, which allows to obtain a synergistic effect on the international arena. Thus, it is necessary to monitor the level of military-economic cooperation between the CSTO and EAEU member states. The purpose of this article was to study the challenges and threats to the Russia of military-economic cooperation of the CSTO and EAEU member states with third countries. To achieve this goal, military-economic cooperation of Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Armenia with third countries was examined and proposals were made for replacing purchases on the arms market with Russian counterparts. Some CSTO and EAEU countries seek to diversify their purchases in the arms market, providing a program of independent military development with the development of military-industrial cooperation with third countries. This situation forces Russia to ensure the development of plans for the import substitution of military products with Russian counterparts on the market of the CSTO and the EAEU. To test this hypothesis, we reviewed and analyzed publicly available statistics and documents, including data from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. In the course of data analysis, it was proved that Belarus, Kazakhstan and partially Armenia diversify their purchases of military equipment and weapons by actively developing military-economic cooperation with third countries, including China.


About the authors

Ekaterina A. Degtereva

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Author for correspondence.
Email: degtereva-ea@rudn.ru
6 Miklukho-Maklaya St., Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

PhD, Assistant Professor, Marketing Department of the Faculty of Economics

Anna M. Chernysheva

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: chernysheva-am@rudn.ru
6 Miklukho-Maklaya St., Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

PhD, Assistant Professor, Marketing Department of the Faculty of Economics

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