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World experience has the examples of the giant impact of the nuclear power plants construction on the socio-demographic situation of the construction territories. The article considers the directions of influence of the nuclear energy object - nuclear power plants on the socio-demographic situation in the region of construction. There evaluated possible effects of the construction and using of the nuclear power station in Ninh Thuan-1 on the demographic situation in the area, the labor market and social infrastructure. The impact assessment of the nuclear programs is likely to have been produced on the socio-demographic situation in the region by several components and based on the experience of already operating nuclear power plants in China, Ukraine, Russia and Belarus. The main trends and direction of influence have been established. In the area of construction of nuclear power plants, first of all, the geography of administrative and territorial division changes: the satellite cities are built, the urbanization increases. The population structure transforms: age structure both of employment at the plant, and population of satellite cities, is shifted towards younger ages, which suggests a high birth rate, low mortality rate and demographic pressure “from below”, without the one from above. The intensification of migration is observed not only due to the migrants, who comes for the construction and to work in nuclear power plant, but also due to the relocation of the population from the sanitary protection zone. The changes exist also in the labor market: there is demand for highly specialized skilled workers, which leads to targeted training and increases the level of education of the population of the region. In addition, the jobs are created for servicing the employees of atomic object, including through building social infrastructure and public catering enterprises.

About the authors

T I Borzunova

Institute for Socio-Political Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Author for correspondence.
Fotievoy str., 6, building 1, Moscow, Russia, 119333

Borzunova T.I. Cand. Econ. Sci., Senior Researcher of the Center for Social Demography of the Institute for Socio-Political Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

A S Maksimova

Leninskie Gory, 1, Moscow, Russia, 119991

ул. Ленинские Горы, 1, Москва, Россия, 119991

Maksimova A.S. Cand. Econ. Sci., Science Worker of the Department of Demography, The Higher School of Modern Social Sciences (Faculty), Moscow State University.

G F Morozova

Institute for Socio-Political Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Fotievoy str., 6, building 1, Moscow, Russia, 119333

Morozova G.F. Cand. Econ. Sci., Leading Researcher of the Center for Social Demography of the Institute for Socio-Political Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences.


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Copyright (c) 2017 Borzunova T.I., Maksimova A.S., Morozova G.F.

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