Regional development of agriculture in foreign countries of Europe and in Russia in the global food interdependence and land scarcity

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Abstract


Contemporary development of agriculture is characterized by the growth of territorial concentration of production of the main staple and industrial crops. Key role in the world agriculture is performed by a relatively small number of specialized regions, which belong to several countries, including Europe and Russia. Emerging and evolution of these regions depends on natural (agroclimatic potential, reserves of unexploited lands) and social-economic factors (demography, level of economic development). Also important is geographical location and level of development of transport infrastructure. In foreign countries of Europe the network of agricultural regions is relatively stable. In Russia, where market reforms have recently started, and there are huge areas of none-efficiently used lands, the contemporary regional structure of agriculture is in the process of forming. If the trends in regional development of agriculture in Russia will remain, in the near future the country will overcome dependency on food import and become one of its largest exporters in the world.

A S Naumov

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Email: alnaumov@mail.ru
Faculty of Geography

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