Vol 25, No 1 (2017)

Articles
DIVERSITY OF MODERN ECOLOGY
Makarova M.G., Redina M.M., Popkova A.V.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2017;25(1):7-20
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THE PHYSIOLOGICAL BASIS OF ADAPTATION OF A PLANT SPECIES IN URBANIZED ENVIRONMENT
Kutafina N.V., Krasnopivceva A.N.
Abstract

Plants, the leading fixed way of life, are forced to be particularly plastic on environmental impact responses of the environment. The most important external factors include the light, which is not only a source of energy for photosynthesis, but also a signal, activating and changing the program of development of the plant. Objective: To study the content and ratio of different forms of photosynthetic pigments in leaves of plants that grow only in natural light (forest) and compared to individuals present in the conditions of an additional light (located near the street lamps and lighted windows of houses). The experience included birch specimens of plants growing in a forest tract Gutorevo (dense stands of birch within the pine forest) and tree planting ordinary Lear Park (southern suburbs of Kursk area). The leaves are weighed. pigment content was determined by in vitro analysis in four replicates. The content of chlorophylls and carotenoids were determined by calculation. Volume fraction pigments evaluated. Statistical analysis were Student t-criterion. The content of chlorophyll and carotenoid in the leaves of birch in an artificial increase in the duration of the light period in the temperate climate of the Kursk region. In plants, an increase of chlorophyll content (a + b) 12.0% of carotenoids in the leaves 23.0%. There is reason to believe that the adaptation of the pigment apparatus birch plants growing under natural light (forest) and located in the area of artificial lighting is done by transforming the light-harvesting complex. Factor complex urban environment, including sunlight, soil compaction podkronovogo space in which increasingly suffering park biome, does not reduce the content of pigments in the end of the growing season, in comparison with individuals forest biome. This testifies to their high stability and better adaptation to the effects of natural and anthropogenic factors.

RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2017;25(1):21-28
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RESOURCES OF ANSERIFORMES OF SOUTHERN BARABA AND NORTHERN KULUNDA DURING THE SUMMER PERIOD AND THEIR CONSERVATION
Bazdyrev A.V., Murzakhanov E.B.
Abstract

In true article results of researches of number and placing of Anseriformes in southern Baraba and northern Kulunda are resulted: the structure of the population and connection of population density with morfo-ecological parametres of reservoirs in early-summer and late-summer the periods is characterised. Short recommendations about conservation of resources of Anseriformes are resulted.

RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2017;25(1):29-35
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SEASONAL VARIABILITY OF HYDROBIONTS LUMINESCENCE INTENSITY IN THE SOUTH-WESTERN SHELF OF CRIMEA
Melnikova E.B.
Abstract

Differences in the processes of seasonal changes in bioluminescence intensity in relatively open waters of the sea on the south-western shelf of the Crimea and in the waters of the Sevastopol Bay (the Black Sea) are shown. The influence of hydrological seasons temperature conditions on the pattern of light intensity changes of hydrobionts within a year. The correlation coefficients of interannual changes in bioluminescence intensity during the different seasonal temperature for deep water area of the sea and shallow waret bay of Sevastopol calculated. The important role of the thermohaline structure of waters in the seasonal variability of the bioluminescence intensity found.

RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2017;25(1):36-49
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THE PHYSIOLOGY OF PHOTOPERIODIC SENSITIVITY AMONG PLANT SPECIES WITH DIFFERENT LIGHT PERIOD
Zubkova E.N., Belova T.A.
Abstract

The most important characteristic of the environment for vegetable organisms is the photoperiod - duration of daylight. Plant Responses to the day length (photoperiod conditions) is of great importance in the development of environmental monitoring, providing the necessary spatial and temporal regulation of physiological processes in plants and optimizing the processes of photosynthetic activity. Objective: To estimate the photoperiodic sensitivity of samples of Raphanus sativus, and to identify his reaction to the increase in the length of daylight hours in conditions of Central Black Earth region. Change the duration of daylight is largely affects the development of plants. In terms of the long lightday photoperiodic sensitivity radish Raphanus sativus in the Kursk region is manifested in the increased growth of above-ground parts of plants and development of the generative organs. When growing radishes in the Kursk region in the conditions of artificially shortened daylight hours the plant for a long time remained in a vegetative state. It is clear that the formation of the major root crops of radish with good taste must be his growing under short photoperiod. The best planting time for the Central Black Earth zone - the end of March-April and the end of July-August, when the daylight hours of about 10 hours. When growing plants during the long daylight crops is necessary to create an artificial shading.

RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2017;25(1):50-57
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AN IMPACT OF RISING ATMOSPHERIC CONCENTRATIONS OF CARBON DIOXIDE ON PLANTS IN CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA
Kurbatova A.I., Tarko A.M., Kozlova E.V.
Abstract

On the basis of the spatial mathematical model of the global carbon dioxide cycle in the biosphere the absorption of carbon dioxide emissions from the fossil fuel burning, deforestation, and soil erosion by terrestrial ecosystems was calculated for all the world and countries of the Central and South America. Effects of deforestation of tropical forests and soil erosion because of inappropriate land use and climate change were calculated until 2060 for countries of the Central and South America.

RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2017;25(1):58-72
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PHYSIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF PLATELET-DERIVED ACTIVITY IN CALVES FIRST YEAR OF LIFE IN THE CENTRAL BLACK EARTH
Kutafina N.V., Belova T.A.
Abstract

Optimum functional characteristics of the whole speaker largely regulated hemostasis vascular functional activity of blood cells, including platelets. Hemostasis seriously determines the state of blood rheology level of flow to tissues, metabolism in the heart muscle, a condition of resistance to infections, growth processes in the musculoskeletal system in health and disease and in a corrective interference. The goal - to find out the dynamics of the parameters of platelet function in healthy calves during the first year of life. Examination was carried out on healthy calves: 67 newborn animals, 22 calves aged 30 days, 21 Calf aged 3 months and 23 years of age in the animal. We used biochemical, hematological, and statistical methods. Platelet aggregation with all inductors calves remained stable for the newborn. At older ages, it was growing, reaching maximum values for the year. The found regularities confirmed intravascular platelet activity. Number of active forms of platelets after the neonatal phase gradually increased, reaching a peak-to-year life. During the early ontogeny of calves on the background of their growth increases platelet activity, which increases the number of activated forms in the bloodstream, helping to increase the amount of freely circulating units, which is important adaptive value in response to environmental effects on the animals.

RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2017;25(1):73-81
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HEMOSTASIS SYSTEM IN LACTATING COWS IN THE CONDITIONS AVERAGE VOLGA REGION IN NORMAL AND EVENTS BEGINS MASTITIS
Zaitsev V.V., Grigoriev V.S., Makurina O.N.
Abstract

Hemostatic system - this is an important mechanism for maintaining hemostasis. At the same time, particularly hemostatic system in healthy active lactating cows with mastitis beginning are not completely clarified. The goal - to find out the level of functional activity of hemostasis in cows in mid-lactation in norm and in conditions of incipient mastitis. Investigations were carried out on 61 cow calving 3-4 contained in the conditions of the Samara region. Of these, the control group consisted of 24 healthy cows and 37 cows with signs of incipient mastitis amounted experimental group. The paper applied hematologic and statistical methods. Based on literature data, it is clear that breastfeeding affects the intensity of the hemostatic process. The paper found that in mid-lactation cows healthy there is a weakening of activating effects in hemostasis and increased fibrinolysis mechanisms. This leads to the maintenance of their optimum rheological properties of blood, ensuring delivery of the required amount of nutrients and oxygen to all the organs and tissues, promoting the rise of milk production. In the case of inflammation of the mammary gland in cows come changes in the hemostatic system activities that form the propensity to thrombosis. Developing their hemostatic activation is associated with simultaneous strengthening of its plasma and platelet units. It becomes clear that in lactating cows in the early development of the terms of mastitis occurs strengthen hemostatic mechanisms.

RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2017;25(1):82-87
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ECOLOGICAL-ECONOMIC INDEX AS THE RATE OF SAFE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE REGIONS
Sigora G.A., Nichkova L.A., Khomenko T.Y.
Abstract

The paper presents the review of studies devoted to the application of ecological-economic index to assess the safety and sustainability of regions. Preliminary calculations of the individual items of environmental-economic index for Sevastopol and Republic of Crimea. It is revealed that the indicators of environmental-economic index gives the ability to control without dangerous development and to evaluate the level of stability of a particular region.

RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2017;25(1):88-96
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INDICATOR THE INDICATORS OF EARTHWORMS AND PLANTS TO ASSESS THE ECOLOGICAL STATUS VERMICOMPOSTING SOIL
Korneeva I.Y.
Abstract

Performance test-objects for biotesting toxic soils, contaminated waste leather and cement productive activities, remediation of the substrates are vermicomposting: worms (Lumbricina) - low-temperature stability, weight and adaptive descriptions, the reproducibility and recovery of populations, number of specimens, cocoons, juveniles; for plants: Triticum aestivum L. - growth parameters, Lactuca sativa- is the water-holding capacity, water content of grain leaves.

RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2017;25(1):97-103
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MAPPING OF LAND COVER TYPES OF SUB-MEDITERRANEAN LOWMOUNTAIN LANDSCAPES BY MEANS OF GEOMATICS (SOUTH-EASTERN CRIMEA AS EXAMPLE)
Gorbunova T.Y., Gapon S.V., Gorbunov R.V.
Abstract

The work is dedicated to mapping of land cover types of sub-mediterranean lowmountain landscape by means of geomatics. The territory of South-Eastern Crimea was chosen as an example, which is one of the key touristic and recreational center of the peninsula. A variety of natural and man-made environments determines the suitability of the territory as a model object for mapping land cover types of sub-mediterranean lowmountain landscape. In the work we used satellite images Landsat 8, space service Google Earth images, map of Crimean land use, and field data. All calculations were performed in the program ArcGIS 10.2.The land cover map of South-Eastern Crimea became the result of the modelling. The accuracy of this map is 80%, when using a rigid classification, and 90% when using a sliding classification.

RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2017;25(1):104-115
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MODELLING OF RADIO ECOLOGICAL PROCESSES
Pavlova S.A.
Abstract

High absorption ability of water plants makes them ideal test objects for quantitative and qualitative determination of anthropogenic chemical loads to the pond.In modelling the radioecological processes of great importance are the methods of logical descriptions, which use, if you cannot find a mathematically precise dependencies. In the case of radioactive contamination of ecosystems, gathering necessary for the calculation of the model data to predict the situation.

RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2017;25(1):116-123
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RETROSPECTIVE ASSESSMENT OF INDIVIDUAL RISK OF DEATH OF PEOPLE IN FIRES IN THE IRKUTSK REGION
Garmyshev V.V.
Abstract

The object of the study are emergencies related to fires at the regional level. In the work, using methods of analysis social and mathematical statistics, presents the main relative indicators of the impacts: the number of fires, deaths from 1974 to 2015 in the Irkutsk region. On the basis of existing methodologies, and taking into account the number of deaths on the fires of the people and population in the region, the estimation of individual fire risk in the Irkutsk region. The results of investigations and calculations showed that the individual risk in the long-term analysis, and never in the region is not reduced to normative. Based on the studies and calculations, established that the level of security of people living in the territory of the Irkutsk region, does not meet the requirements of fire safety.

RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2017;25(1):124-131
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ADVANCED FIRE SUPPRESSION TECHNOLOGIES AT FUEL STORAGE FACILITIES
Budykina T.A., Budykina K.Y.
Abstract

This article analyses challenges of the fire extinguishing process at fuel storage facilities and looks at modern technologies aimed at extinguishing burning petrochemicals, such as: subsurface foam injection, combined gas and powder fire extinguishing technology «BiZone», aerosol generator «Purga», automatic fire-fighting system USP-01F, foam generating substance «Storm», heat shields «Sogda» designed to protect firefighters from thermal radiation, etc. Recommendations are given to facilitate the use of advanced fire suppression technologies at fuel storage facilities.

RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2017;25(1):132-144
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TEОRETICHESKY CALCULATION OF ACOUSTIC INSULATION ZVUKOPODAVLYAYUSCHEY HONEYCOMB PANELS
Skvortsov A.N.
Abstract

Research of influence of adverse factors of the environment of life on physical development and population health is one of actual problems of modern ecology. The article is devoted to the solution of actual problems of protection of the population from noise energies production facilities. If the noise energies level from the object in a residential area exceeds the permissible levels (RC), theysound events. Nowdays there is a great variety of means of protection from sound expansion. Many of them are in popular demand, others are less known. The article proposed use of the effect zvukopodavleniya for protection against noise. A new sound dampening material “Zvukopodavlyayuschie mesh panel”. This material must contain structural elements, ensuring the formation of audio streams colliding with antiphase, thereby obtaining the effect of absorbing sound energy. The simulation of sound dampening material under the action of sound vibrations. The high efficiency of the material.

RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2017;25(1):145-154
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THE ROLE OF NATURAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS IN THE INTRODUCTION OF GREEN BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES IN RUSSIA
Korol T.O.
Abstract

The research investigates the influence of natural and environmental factors on the prospects of introduction of green building technology in Russia. The classification and comparative analysis of green building technologies are based on the experience used in Russian and international practice. The author identified several geographic factors and explained their influence on the introduction of green building technologies at different regional levels. Specifics of of the natural and environmental factors inventory in regard to combination of suitable green building technologies are shown in the example of a model city.

RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2017;25(1):155-168
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INFLUENCE OF COAL DUST ON ACCUMULATION OF Pb, Cd SPROUTS OF BEAN CULTURE
Askarova D.A.
Abstract

Investigated the effect of dust emission of coal fuel to the pea seedlings on the dark-chestnut soil at the modeling experience. The dust introduction into the soil, consists lead and cadmium, was more intensive accumulated in the roots than in the overhead organs and to increase the biomass of pea seedlings. Was set dependence of concentration of lead and cadmium in the pea seedlings from its common concentration and contents in the mobile forms in soils.

RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2017;25(1):169-177
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ON THE ENVIRONMENTAL RISK OF A PATHOLOGY OF THE GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT ADULT POPULATION KURSK AREA UNDER INTENSIVE USE OF INSECTICIDES
Korolev V.A., Lyashev J.D., Ryzhaeva V.N., Kirishcheva N.E., Korolev I.V., Nikitina E.S.
Abstract

This paper presents the evaluation of the use of insecticides in the agricultural production of the Kursk region. Studied territorial load dominant crop insecticides in a complex region for the period 2006-2013, were ranked the region in terms of territorial load insecticides. Estimated figures on theenvironmental risk of the formation of the pathology of the gastrointestinal tract of the adult population of the Kursk region in the intensive use of insecticides. Environmentally sensitive identified pathologies such as gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcers, gastritis and duodenitis, functional bowel disorders, diseases of the pancreas.

RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2017;25(1):178-186
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