No 1 (2014)

Cover Page
Articles
The ecological barriers limiting expansion of the area of marmots in China
Nikol’skii A.A., Rumiantsev V.Y., Wang Chi -.
Abstract
China is inhabited by 4 species of Marmots. The northwest of China are Marmota caudata, M. baibacina; the northeast is M. sibirica; in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau — M. himalayana. There are the deserts between areas of M. caudata, M. baibacina, M. sibirica and an area of M. himalayana. They form an insuperable ecological barrier, interfering with expansion of an area of Marmots.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2014;(1):5-14
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Analysis of the lead-induced moderate biological stress of wheet ( Triticumaestivum L.) seedlings
Bernikov L.R., Ron’zhina E.S.
Abstract
The action of moderate Pb 2+ concentrations on the physiologo-biochemical values of the 1 st true leaves of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seedlings using markers of general use was explored. Stress changes at Pb 2+ concentrations from 0,03 mg/l were showed, the switching of the stress phases was demonstrated. Observed processes are discussing concerning with advisability of approaches for further researches of the lead-induced biological stress.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2014;(1):15-24
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The study of the toxicity of copper sulfate and silver nanoparticles using the fluorescence of algae Scenedesmus Quadricauda
Todorenko D.A., Matorin D.N., Alekseev A.A., Tungatarova D.I., Orlova V.S.
Abstract
This paper discusses changes in fluorescence parameters of the photosynthetic apparatus of algae Scenedesmus quadricauda induced by copper sulfate and silver nanoparticles. It is shown that the light dependence curve of the photochemical and nonphotochemical fluorescence quenching can be used as a highly sensitive test to detect changes during the early stages of the impact of heavy metals on the algae.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2014;(1):25-31
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Ontogenetic changes in blood of cattle
Medvedev I.N., Nagornaya O.V.
Abstract
During the ontogeny of the animal undergoes successive, interlinked morphological, biochemical, and functional changes, which begin with the formation of zygote and occur throughout his life. Knowing the age rule is of great importance for the analysis of experimental data, assessing the implications of shifts, their interpretation and comparison with the biological norm-relevant values of physiological, biochemical, hematological, immunological parameters of blood, allowing you to judge the nature and extent of changes in the body. Knowing the age dynamics of functional and biochemical indices of blood in the ontogenesis of cattle is an important basis of rearing and maintaining the health of dairy cows.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2014;(1):32-36
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Concept of environmental management and its development at the modern stage
Vashchalova T.V.
Abstract
The main provisions of the concept of environmental management, formulated about half a century ago. They remain relevant. Based on these research approaches require theoretical, methodological adaptation to the problems of sustainable development. Such adaptation can be achieved using the theory of self-organizing systems, a methodology for managing risk and the method of measurement of the degree of disturbance of ecosystems through the completeness and duration of their recovery.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2014;(1):37-46
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The assessment of content polychlorinated biphenyls in soils of Moscow
Baeva Y.I., Ivanova D.S.
Abstract
There are given the measurement results of polychlorinated biphenyls concentration in the soils at a different functional areas of Yasenevo district in Moscow. Found that the major source of PCB in the district’s soils today are motorways.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2014;(1):47-55
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Determination of benzopyrene in soils of Moscow
Maksimova O.A., Goryainov S.V., Samokhina K.E.
Abstract
The results of monitoring of the persistent organic pollutant benzopyrene in soils of different functional areas of Moscow are presented. The highest concentrations of benzopyrene were found in the soils of the residential area and near the MKAD. The coefficients of the pollutant concentrations were calculated (K c), also the categorization of soils in terms of risk to the public were held.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2014;(1):56-63
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Modeling the dynamic softhe hydrothermal index Hf, favorable climate CL and index of potential productivity of plant ecosystems Caspian depression
Gutnikov V.A., Kogaeva A.V.
Abstract
The analysis of weather data for the period of the Caspian lowlands 1961—2010 years, index changes Hf and CL, vegetation productivity.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2014;(1):64-71
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Ecology and conditions of natural water sources of Yeletstown
Solovyeva E.A.
Abstract
In work are submitted data of spring water monitoring of Yelets town. Research on the general condition of physical and chemical properties of spring water of the town and availability of heavy metals in water didn't reveal excess of maximum permissible concentration during one-year-old monitoring.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2014;(1):72-76
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Morbidity rate of thyroid pathology depending on the ecological condition of territories of Bryansk region
Geger E.V.
Abstract
The morbidity rate analysis of thyroid pathology of the population of Bryansk region depending on anthropotechnogenic environmental pollution is carried out. It is revealed statistically significant (a = 0,05) higher level of morbidity rate of the population at the territories with combined radiation-chemical environment pollution.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2014;(1):77-82
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Scheduled and correctional maintenance on increase of adaptation of children and teenagers
Glebov V.V.
Abstract
Results of researches on a complex factors of the educational environment which influence a functional condition of studying youth are presented in article. In science work it is shown as, in particular, the general duration of academic and intellectual load, level of working capacity influences work of cardiovascular system, nervous, hormonal children and teenagers. In work some approaches of scheduled and correctional maintenance on increase of adaptation of children and teenagers are considered.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2014;(1):83-91
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The stressresistance level and the functional condition of cardio vascular system of first-year students in the period of examinations
Pitkevich M.Y.
Abstract
In work it is presented empirical researches of a condition of cardiovascular system and level of a resistance to stress of first year students of different faculties (ecologists, engineers, philologists) and specialties in the period of examinations. Research selection made 122 students. Researches were conducted during the intersession period and during examinations. Research showed that during the intersession period at small stressful influences at the majority of examinees indicators of function dynamics are in limits of standard sizes and testify to sufficient functionality of an organism. Dependence between level of personal uneasiness of students and nature of their reactivity on an examination stress is revealed. During this period adaptation potential shows tension of mechanisms of adaptation in a stressful situation at first-year students with high level of personal uneasiness and adequate level of students’ adaptation process with average and low personal uneasiness.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2014;(1):92-100
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Features of stressful reactions of the african students in the initial stage of training in higher education institution
Simbara A.G.
Abstract
In article results of own researches on features stressful reactions, reaction of the African students on the initial period of training are given in system of a higher educational institution of Russia. The analysis of the received results revealed different type of stressful reactions and characteristic difficulties which students from Africa face being trained at capital university.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2014;(1):101-107
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The impact of regular physical activity on the mikroreological properties of erythrocyte in patients of the first coming of age with abdominal obesity I degree
Mal'ceva T.S., Zavalishina S.Y.
Abstract
The influence on the properties of erythrocytes microrheology regular athletic training at the first mature age persons with abdominal obesity 1 degree. Evaluated lipid peroxidation and antioxidant protection of plasma cytoarchitectonics and aggregation of red blood cells. With a view to the correction of all the patients have regular visits to the Athletics section 3 times a week for 1.5 hours. Score the variables included in those with abdominal obesity was conducted after 0.5 years, 1 year, 1.5 years and 2 years of study in the section. Drug therapy in any case. Statistical analysis of Student's test was conducted. After a year of regular training in athletics section patients achieved normalization of body weight, plasma lipid peroxidation, and cytoarchitectonics aggregation activity of red blood cells. Continued regular athletic training perpetuated achieved results.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2014;(1):108-114
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The evaluation criteria of the environmental safety of “historical” near-surface radioactive waste storages
Tinnikov G.V., Lashchenova T.N.
Abstract
The main evaluation criteria of the environmental safety of “historical” near-surface radioactive waste storages are proposed in the work. The state estimate of the near-surface radioactive waste storages according to the geochemical indices of the ground water of the near zone is carried out. The dependence of the specific activity of 137Cs on pH, nitrate ions content and the total salt content of water is revealed. It is determined that the index pH allows to mark the problem areas of the near zone of the near-surface radioactive waste storages which characterize the degree of destructive processes taking place in the engineering barriers of the storages and in the waste dumping ground body.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2014;(1):115-124
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Professional communication in the information age: language teaching for ecologists
Valeeva N.G., Ivanova N.V.
Abstract
This article highlights perspectives on developing communicative competence of future ecologists in the post-industrial era. Using an interdisciplinary approach, the authors suggest new ways of exploring professional communication and acquiring professional communication skills while learning a foreign language.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2014;(1):125-131
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Revisited competence-based approach in ecological education (systematic review)
Gorshenina M.P., Kharlamova M.D.
Abstract
In the article the role of competence-based approach in ecological education and socialization is shown. The concept and difference of competence& jurisdiction and levels of competence have been analyzed. Ecological competence influence on the formed level of ecological culture is considered. Moreover a method of social survey is offered to take into consideration social factors during assessing the environmental culture of the training team.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2014;(1):132-137
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Our authors
- -.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2014;(1):138-140
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