No 4 (2013)

Cover Page
Articles
Change strategy breeding in the saiga antelope european populations — adaptation to the environment subspecies
Kokshunova L.E.
Abstract
Researchers saiga European population since the mid-twentieth century, noted the association of the rut on the right bank of the river. Volga to December, and its duration is 7—10 days. The increase in the duration of estrus in saiga European population, marked by us since 1994, which continued in subsequent years, is regarded by us as a subspecies of adaptation to changes in the environment. This adaptation has led to a change in the strategy of reproduction in saiga, by deterioration of habitat, primarily hard anthropogenic pressure.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(4):5-12
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Preliminary landscape mapping and analys of ecological features of the island of Vaigach
Aleynikova A.M.
Abstract
Selected on the basis of decoding of space pictures and analysis of the published data of natural-territorial complexes provide a first idea of the uniqueness of the landscape of the island of Vaigach. Climate warming will cause first of all the activity of the cryogenic and solifluctiv processes, increase horizontal inhomogeneity of the vegetation cover.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(4):13-20
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Coagulation characteristics of blood sucking of sows
Medvedev I.N., Parahnevich A.V.
Abstract
The aim of this work is to assess the dynamics of the coagulating activity of blood plasma from milking sows in Central Russia. Healthy milking sows Central Russia is gradually increasing plasma antioxidant protection and lowering the amount of lipid peroxidation. Lowering the milking sows activity of coagulation factors leads to the normalization process of coagulation on both ways of plasma hemostasis after it burst during farrowing, that contributes to the maintenance of homeostasis at the optimal level.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(4):21-24
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Microrheology properties of red blood cells in children 7—8 years with scoliosis
Zavalishina S.Y., Nagibina E.V.
Abstract
A study on 148 children 7—8 years with scoliosis I-II study found worsening of cellular composition and aggregation of red blood cells. These features can have a negative effect on erythrocyte rheological properties of blood and tissue trophism.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(4):25-29
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The hypothesis that aging — the result of co-evolution of man and cereals
Sidorov E.P.
Abstract
This work is the starting point for a series of studies in the field of evolution and ecology of human aging. The author suggested the hypothesis that in man occurred selection genes that are involved in disease development, the aging characteristic (hypertension, malignant tumors, diabetes second form, atherosclerosis, etc.). An important role in the mechanism of the impact of aging plays a protein cereals on the human body. It is shown that a strict diet bezzalkovaya 2.5 months resulted in normalization of blood pressure and reduction in fat mass in a group of 11 elderly people suffering from hypertension. The author discusses the mechanism of the effect of protein on the development of hypertension cereals, the second form of diabetes, atherosclerosis, cataracts and cancer in older age groups.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(4):30-35
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Unidirectional influence pathologic processes on interstitial humoral transport and drainage function of lymphatic sistem in the same developmental stages
Butenin M.A.
Abstract
The study presents the results of research of pathologic processes hypo- and hyperthermia, as well as acute inflammation on lymphatic drainage and interstitial humoral transport. Make analysis and comparison educts with literary results. Demonstrates unidirectional influence of this factors depending on stage of pathologic process.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(4):36-42
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Application of universal mortality law for quality of life estimation in a metropolitan area
Mashintsov E.A., Naydenov A.A.
Abstract
The paper describes a method for evaluation of quality of life in metropolitan area using demographic and mortality information. The equation for quality of life index was derived. The results foe city of Tula are provided as an example.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(4):43-50
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Selection of florescence phytoindicator of industrial pollution
Orehov D.I., Kalabin G.A.
Abstract
In the article are considered the study of fundamental changes in the parameters of fluorescence of the photosynthetic apparatus of trees (birch, lime-tree, thuja, fir), under the influence of pollution in the Moscow.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(4):51-59
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Study of iodine distribution in meadow soil and plants formed in different geochemical landscapes related to evaluation of iodine status of the Bryansk oblast’
Korobova E.M., Berezkin V.U., Kolmykova L.I., Korsakova N.V.
Abstract
Iodine deficiency is one of important factors contributing to the risk of thyroid cancer in areas subjected to radioiodine contamination. The aim of the study was to reveal spatial patterns in iodine distribution in soils and vegetation of the grazing lands of the Bryansk oblast affected by the Chernobyl accident. Iodine distribution was proved to be dependent upon the landscape geochemical type related to the type of soil and soil-forming rock and geomorphological position defining water regime. Its mean concentration in topsoils and vegetation has correspondingly decreased in a row: subordinated opolje landscapes — autonomous opolje landscapes — subordinated polesje and moraine landscapes — autonomous polesje and moraine landscapes. The spatial difference revealed in iodine accumulation was suggested to cause difference in iodine transfer to the local food chain and human organism and therefore to contribute to spatial variation in manifestation of thyroid diseases related to iodine deficiency and radioiodine contamination within the studied area.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(4):60-67
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The assessment of sdw landfill impact on pcb soil pollution (in terms of ”Zhiroshkino” SDW landfill in Domodedovo district)
Baeva U.I., Ostapenko M.A.
Abstract
Below there are given the measurement results of polychlorinated biphenyls concentration in the soils at a different distance from the solid domestic waste landfill “Zhiroshkino”. It was found out that this landfill is an incoming source of this ecotoxicants in the environment. The specific recommendations for the contaminated soils rehabilitation are given.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(4):68-78
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Effects of air pollution on the incidence of the urban Primorye
Kolomeytseva O.L.
Abstract
It is estimated the impact of air pollution on public health Primorye on the example of two industrial cities — Ussuriysk and Spassk-Dalny. Based on the analysis of statistical data it is established the dominant incidence and prevalence in the two cities. It is revealed strong and moderate connection between the incidence of Diseases of the circulatory system and air pollutants coming from anthropogenic sources these cities.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(4):79-84
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Classification of temporary microreservoirs (puddles) and their ecological significance
Beznosov V.N., Suzdaleva A.L., Mityaeva Y.D.
Abstract
The article classifies temporary micro reservoirs (puddles). Discusses their ecological importance. It is shown that the processes occurring in pools can render both positive and negative influence on environment.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(4):85-88
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The oil spill pollution of the cote d'ivoire coastal zone possibility assessment
Kamagate Sindhu Amado -., Makarova M.G.
Abstract
The Republic of Côte d'Ivoire is beginning to be one of the leading oil producing countries in Africa. Localization of hydrocarbon fields on the shelf and continental slope creates very high risks of coastal zone's ecosystems contamination and destabilization of a number of the leading sectors of the economy. This is the reason for establishing clear government requirements for mining companies on the availability and quality of resources to combat oil spills.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(4):89-96
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Role of water bodies for sustainable urban development (through the example of the Verkhny pond basin in Kaliningrad city)
Bernikova T.A., Tsoupikova N.A., Nagornova N.N.
Abstract
The article describes role of water bodies for sustainable urban development. The Verkhny pond basin in Kaliningrad city was taken as an example of such aquatic natural-anthropogenic systems. This basin was a subject of research of the team of the Department for Ichthyology and Ecology of Kaliningrad State Technical University for many years. The article briefly characterizes the above area from ecological, geographical, hydrographical, historical and functional points of view; and gives direction of its further development.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(4):97-106
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Natural resources and ecosystems for fuel and energy complex facilities
Artamonov G.E., Gutnikov V.A.
Abstract
In this article territorial features of fuel and energy complex facilities development in territorial subjects of the Russia and its influence on ecosystems and people health are considered.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(4):107-117
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Integrated propaedeutical studying of basic ecology on the junior & middle levelsinsecondary school
Kharlamova M.D., Perevozchikova M.M.
Abstract
Considered: the problems of environmental education programs implementing at the secondary school, the requirements of new Educational Standards and compliance certification of modern school programs for science education. New approaches for the propaedeutic (forestalling) integrated learning of basic environmental knowledge in English are suggested. There are also used the meta-subject learning techniques and ITcapabilities.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(4):118-128
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The emotional component as a subject of education in preparing translators in professional communications
Avdonina M.Y., Zhabo N.I.
Abstract
Awareness of students to environmental issues is one of the most important educational effects of teaching languages at the Faculty of Ecology. A personal attitude of the young environmentalist to a problem, his subjective assessment necessarily includes evaluational approach and emotional reflection of the research (we give the example of the Lake District cultural meaning and its ecological situation). He is to be able to express it in a foreign language. Transmitting this component in the target language when translating requires special exercises on attitudinal statements.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(4):129-138
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Our authors
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Abstract
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(4):139-141
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