No 2 (2013)

Cover Page
Articles
Changes of phytocoenotic rank in recreational beeches biocenoses
Shcherbina Y.G.
Abstract
The beech stand on phytocentral rank was explored, taking into account the age stages of thickness in subtropical biocenoses of Russia. The dependences of the composition of the stand, closed canopy and stages of recreational digression were found.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(2):5-11
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Features of passing fenophase at annual ornamental plants in the conditions of the urban environment
Yagdarova O.A., Voskresenskaya O.L.
Abstract
In annual ornamental plants in the urban environment, were built phenological spectrum. The studies were conducted in the city of Yoshkar-Ola in areas of different anthropogenic load: conditionally clean area, an area with a low level of pollution, the area with the average level of pollution. As objects of research were studied annual ornamental plants commonly used in landscaping the urban environment. To construct phenological spectrums we have identified the following phases: the vegetation, budding, flowering and fruiting. As a result of researches it was shown that the studied species of ornamental plants growing in various on anthropogenous loading districts of the city, differ features of passing and duration separate phenophases. For marigold (stable species) growing in the residential and industrial areas of the city of Yoshkar-Ola, a longer growing season characterized, slow development, the later and less long blooming. China aster (unstable form) is characterized by a more rapid passage of all phases of development, in the early transition and longer generative stage (flowering). Thus, the studied species of ornamental plants have a high sensitivity to the environment protection and development, depending on weather conditions and anthropogenic pressure, varied in a wide range.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(2):12-18
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Hammarbya Paludosa (L.) O. Kuntze (Orchidaceae): a new location of a rare species in the Moscow region
Zhmylev P.Y., Karpukhina E.A., Veryaskina E.V., Terebova A.S.
Abstract
The article concerns ecology and biology of Hammarbia paludosa and results of studying the population in the new location (Dubna) of this rare species in the Moscow region.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(2):19-24
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Some features of biology and breeding of different species of oryxes
Ostapenko V.A.
Abstract
In 1996—2001 the author worked in the Ar-Riyadh Zoological Gardens (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia) under the contract, as the zoo director. For this period it carried out continuous supervision over a collection of animals of a zoo, paying special attention to animal species rare and being on the verge of disappearance. Conditions of the contents and feature of biology and behavior of the following types and subspecies of Oryx’s are considered: Arabian Oryx — Oryx leucoryx (Pallas, 1777), Scimitar-Horned Oryx — Oryx dammah (Crestzschmar, 1826), Beisa Oryx — Oryx gazella beisa (Ruppell, 1835) and Gemsbok — Oryx gazella gazella (Linne, 1758). The city of Riyadh is located in a subtropical arid zone and has average summer temperatures air temperature +35,5 °C and humidity of 22%, average winter temperature +16,2 °C and humidity of 55%. The climate as well as possible is suitable for the animals adapted for it naturally what all types of the sort Oryx are. The success of cultivation Oryx’s in the Ar-Riyadh zoo where the third generation of animals at three types is received is noted. Pregnancy terms for Arabian Oryx and Scimitar-Horned Oryx, pauses between childbirth are revealed, existence embryonic diapauses which, on the average can proceed month and more is supposed that is connected with adaptation of these animals to climate of a zone of deserts. Distribution of dates of birth at Oryxes different species on seasons of year is revealed that as correlates with features of climate in places of their habitat. Terms of approach of a sexual maturity of females — at the age of one and a half years are revealed.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(2):25-33
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Coagulation of blood properties of vegetable nutrition in piglets (in environmental conditions of central Russia)
Parahnevich A.V., Medvedev I.N.
Abstract
The work purpose — to reveal features of coagulatory activity of plasma of blood at the healthy pigs of a vegetative food who are growing up in the central Russia. Healthy piglets with 41 to 230 days growing up in the conditions of the central Russia life is gradual increase plasma antioxidant protection and reduction in the number of products of lipid peroxidation. Growth in piglets of coagulation factors activity leads to increased coagulation process on both paths of plasma hemostasis, which contributes to the maintenance of homeostasis at the optimal level.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(2):34-37
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A medical examination of children and adolescents living in industrial cities
Belousova N.A., Shibkov A.A., Bayguzhin P.A.
Abstract
The authors actualize the concept of “health” through complex of requirements actual legal and regulatory framework, which controls and regulates the issues of public health, in particular children and adolescents. Analysis of the incidence is mediated by a combination of factors, based on an assessment of the environmental situation of the city of Chelyabinsk and of the conditions of the educational environment.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(2):38-43
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Study of adaptivity of children living in metropolis to physical activity
Martyshov A.V.
Abstract
Article presents monitoring results of adaptive reactions of the students’ organisms. Reactions of organisms of children who are engaged in karate since age of 7—9 to physical and psychological stress are studied. It is shown that application of certain methodic may reduce incidence of disease and increase in level of academic performance. Positive dynamics of the children from experimental group on such indicators as level of physical fitness, physical development (growth), posture, level of emotional stability is shown. The study of psychophysiological adaptation of children to physical activity in metropolis showed relatively high ecologic-adaptive value of karate for children of primary school age.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(2):44-52
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Information technologies in system of social and hygienic monitoring
Glebov V.V.
Abstract
In article possibilities of wide use of information technologies in system of social and hygienic monitoring are considered. Importance and the practical importance of introduction of these technologies which it is essential, quickly is shown and will be able effectively to solve many complex problems in the field of environment protection and health of the person.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(2):53-56
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Features cytoarchitecture and aggregation of erythrocytes in children 7—8 years with scoliosis on the background of regular swimming
Nagibina E.V., Zavalishina S.Y.
Abstract
In 7—8 years spent on 27 children with scoliosis of the I—II degree research extent of impact of swimming on a condition of cytoarchitecture and aggregation of erythrocytes was estimated. Scoliosis correction at children of 7—8 years within 6 months by means of occupations by swimming authentically strengthened antioxidant security of erythrocytes and reduced lipid peroxidation in erythrocytes and blood plasma, considerably having improved indicators of cytoarchitecture and aggregation of erythrocytes, without having brought them, however, to level of children from control group.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(2):57-62
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Regulatory effects small and ultra-small impact on the example Atropa Belladonna and Apis Mellifica in Hypothermia
Butenin M.A.
Abstract
The study presents the results of research of influence of potentiated drugs Atropa Belladonna and Apis Mellifica in dilutions 10 – 3, 10 – 12, 10 – 30 on the lymphatic drainage and interstitial humoral transport in case of hypothermia. It is shown their control action, as well as non-monotonous dependence of «dose—effect».
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(2):63-67
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Possibilities of use of potential of decrease Issues of greenhouse gases of the region
Korobova O.S.
Abstract
The characteristic of the main sources of emissions of hotbed gases of the enterprises for production and burning of coals is presented. The analysis strong and weaknesses of available possibilities of the region on use of issue potential is provided. Recommendations of effective implementation of process of use of potential of decrease in issue of greenhouse gases are developed.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(2):68-74
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Problems of maintenance of ecological safety of region
Kutsenko V.V., Tshovrebov E.S., Sidorenko S.N., Tserenova M.P., Kirichuk A.A.
Abstract
The article analyzes the basic components of the subsystems of environmental safety security at municipal union level.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(2):75-82
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Valuation of ecological situation on roads taking into account operational norms of fuel expense
Chernishov V.V.
Abstract
This article proves that it is reasonable to use energy approach for valuation of ecological situations on the territories, where different kinds of roads are exploited. The work, that has been done, proves legality of consideration of the complex: «roads — motor transport environment» as a specific type of ecological-ecomonic territory. The findings indicate the possibility of quantitative assessment of the road influence on total anthropogenic impact on the territory.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(2):83-92
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Eco-geomorphologic analysis in substantiation of environmental management in urban conservation areas (case study of “Sparrow Hills” Park, Moscow, Russia)
Samsonova S.Y., Belutina V.S., Baraboshkina T.A., Samarin E.N., Ogorodnikova E.N.
Abstract
“Sparrow Hills” park is one of Moscow protected areas and an important element of the local nature conservation management. The article presents the results of the eco-geomorphologic analysis of “Sparrow Hills” park. The results focused on ensuring the sustainability of chosen protected area and its ecosystems. This data and findings are the basis for recommendations and guidelines for local authorities.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(2):93-99
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The synthesis of feed protein from methane of a landfill gas’s
Liubinskaya T.V., Orlova V.S., Lyubinsky V.S.
Abstract
This article considers a method of getting of feed protein from methane as the most important method to solve a problem of animal industry.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(2):100-104
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Modern methods of training of experts in the field of ecological safety and environmental protection
Miroshnichenko V.M., Kutsenko V.V., Sidorenko S.N., Tshovrebov E.S.
Abstract
Modern methods of ecological training are developed by authors and used in the course of preparation of experts in the field of ecological safety and preservation of the environmental protection.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(2):105-111
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Tasks of the school service of environmental management in the field of formation of the safe and health saving school environment
Prokopenya G.V.
Abstract
The article represents the description of practical experiment on providing safe conditions of training of school students and work of staff of educational institution through introduction of system of environmental management at high comprehensive school on the basis of network interaction with interested persons and the parties of this process.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(2):112-120
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Our authors
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Abstract
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(2):121-124
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