No 3 (2008)

Cover Page
Articles
The dependency of the composition of the oleoresin balms of pinus silvestris l. from ecological conditions
Skakovskii E.D., Tychinskay L.Y., Haidukevich O.A., Kozlov N.G., Kluev A.Y., Lamotkin S.A., Shpak S.I., Rykov S.V., Khomenko N.D.
Abstract
Using the method of 1Н and 13С NMR spectroscopy, composition of balms of oleoresin of Pinus silvestris L, growing in different regions of the republic of Belarus, was studied. Established, that their chemical composition depends slightly on the growth region and pollution level of the woods by radioactive and industrial emissions. Long term of storage of balms leads to the essential change of their structures due to resin acids isomerization.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2008;(3):5-11
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Dynamics of permeability cellular membranes in ontogenesis of mesophyte and hygrophyte plants in the changing environment
Aljabysheva E.A., Voskresenskaja O.L.
Abstract
Investigated the permeability of cellular membranes of ground and underground bodies of mesophyte and hygrophyte plants in ontogenesis in conditions of humidifying change of environment. The plants in six ontogenesis conditions were used in work. The received results allow to describe different variants ontogenesis adaptations at the plants growing in conditions of moderate and increased humidifying of environment and to reveal dependence between dynamics of speed of an electrolits output and low-molecular substances and the maintenance kalium in vegetative fabrics.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2008;(3):12-16
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Receiving and utilization of biogas in Russian Federation by processing of the agricultural production
Korznikova M.V., Blohin A.U., Kozlov U.P.
Abstract
It is the purpose of the present communih cation to demonstrate that the receiving and utilization of biogas by processing of the agricultural production in Russian Federation are major problem.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2008;(3):17-22
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On scientific-methodical basis of ranking of territories liable to influence of dangerous natural-technogenic processes according to the degree of their danger
Marchenko P.E.
Abstract
Within the frames of energetic approach being developed by the author, basic scientific-methodical notions of ranking of territories liable to influence of dangerous natural-technogenic processes according to the degree of their dangerousness are examined. The meanings of integral factors of natural-technogenic danger are used as a main criterion.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2008;(3):23-29
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Ecological aspects of a waterproofing annulus of technological wells
Kudaikulova G.A.
Abstract
The opportunity of application of the Kazakhstan clay in сomposition of a waterproofing material are investigated at pollution of underground waters by radioactive substances. For qualitative fastening of technological wells a formulation waterproofing material are offered and designs of filters around of wells are offered.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2008;(3):30-37
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Ecological estimation of soil status in Blagoveschensk
Kuimova N.G., Shumilova L.P., Pavlova L.M.
Abstract
Chemical and microbiological structure of different Blagoveschensk's soil types is studied. The fuel and energy complex's and motor transport's influence was expressed by toxic elements' (Pb, Cu, Zn, Hg) accumulation process in humus horizon up to exceeding As, Ni, Zn in ОДК. As a whole according to the characteristics of soil chemical pollution and structure of bacteria and micromycetes complexes, the ecological situation in Blagoveschensk is estimated as an average level, except local plots where the high level of heavy metals pollution is revealed and the structural changing of group microbial complex is observed.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2008;(3):38-48
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Geothermal field of svalbard plate northern part: problems and evaluations
Khutorskoy M.D., Akhmedzianov V.R.
Abstract
Heat flow measurements data in the northern part of Svalbard plate near Franz-Josef Land (FJL) and Spizbergen are resulted. Measurements were carried out by new updating geothermal probe «GEOS-M». Seven heat flow measurements on «FJL» and twenty - on «Spizbergen» are received. On first of them heat flow variation from 30 up to 85 mW/m2 are connected both with trough valley Franz-Victoria tectonic activization and with structural and thermal conductivity heterogenesis inside sedimentary cover. Abnormal heat flow values (from 120 up to 519 mW/m2), measured in trough Orly (to the eastern of Spizbergen North-East Land), testify to rift zone development which completely destroyed a continental crust. Water temperature sounding discovered a leyer of negative temperatures in the depths from 30 to 100 m. Researches were sponsored of the Norwegian oil Management, RAS Presidium, RAS Earth sciences departament and the Russian Basic Research Foundation.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2008;(3):49-58
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Definition of economic damage in connection with the raised disease of the population from the adjacent state (province, region, district) with adverse ecological conditions
Potapov A.V.
Abstract
This article is devoted to pressing questions of definition of economic damage in connection with the raised disease of the population from the adjacent state (province, region, district) with adverse ecological conditions and estimations of economic benefit of successfully lead medical-preventive and administrative-organizational actions.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2008;(3):59-63
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The dynamic of functional systems of human body's activity at schoolchildren during five years (moscow south-west administrative district)
Starosvetskaya E.V., Kim T.A., Chizhov A.Y.
Abstract
Sharply increased rate of deterioration of schoolchildren's health causes immediate introduction in practice of school work the systems of regular estimation and control on condition of organism's functional systems. Due to the support of diagnostic complex «AMSAT - COVERT» it has been revealed that endocrine, bronchial-pulmonary, nasopharyngeal, visual systems have maximum deflection from physiological norms at girls at the age of 11-12. The boys have higher parameters of deflections and proper to the age of 11-13 years old.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2008;(3):64-69
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Role of environmental factors in development of congenital defects
Tikhomirova N.A., Kolpaschikova I.F.
Abstract
An investigation has been performed in a territory of large industrial region. A complex, environmental impact on development of congenital defects (CD) has been studied. Correlations between CD prevalence and specific anthropogenic factors have been revealed. Relative and attributable risks, which demonstrate a specific effect of a number of adverse environmental factors on CD development and prevalence, have been calculated. Mathematical modeling of association between CD and complex anthropogenic load has been made. The modeling allows to predict CD prevalence among infants at the age under one year in this region, taking into consideration environmental conditions. Researchers have come to conclusion that method of risk assessment should be use to determine factors having a negative impact on reproductive health.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2008;(3):70-74
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The influence of the environmental factors on the children's population state in the city of cherepovets
Vanyukhina M.A.
Abstract
The article analyses and estimates the statistical data on the influence of environmental factors on the health state of children in the industrial city. The analysis of the sickness rate indicates on its reliable growth and its correlation with the ecological situation.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2008;(3):75-82
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Body length as a criterion in assessment of the functional status and physical fitness of the first year students of the medical university
Sautkin M.F., Belov A.A.
Abstract
Below is given an unprecedented analysis of the physical development, functional status and physical fitness of students during the first year of study in respect of the length of their bodies. The peculiarities of the dynamics are determined by ones sex, the ability to hold the breath at full inspiration and consumption of royal jelly.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2008;(3):83-88
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Formation of endoecologikal consciousnesses and the responsibility for own health of students of high school
Rodionova O.M.
Abstract
In clause the generalized result of long-term researches of health of students of Ecological faculty RUDN is presented and a number of offers on restoration and maintenance of physical, psychological health of students and development of interest in maintenance of a healthy way of life is brought by them.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2008;(3):89-96
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Annual biorhythmical changes of thyroid and gonadal hormonal levels at human
Koubassov R.V.
Abstract
In this paper presented current state about annual rhythm of thyroid and gonadal system according to recent literature and our data. It's estimated influence degree of day light duration to endocrine system as most stable factor.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2008;(3):97-103
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The bioindication of the radiation conditions
Markelov D.A.
Abstract
Bioindication on the basis of accumulation ability of indicators is based on ability of some species to accumulate polluting substances, including radionuclidas, in the concentration exceeding their maintenance in other environments. As indicators species active accumulators of radionuclides, typical for the given territory, dominating in vegetative communities are used. Adaptation of systems of bioindication to various zone-landscape conditions is based on search of informative species of indicators for each zone, an establishment of optimum terms of supervision and development of the optimum scheme of bioindication. Adaptation of system is lead on a structure on a gradient of landscape-zone factors on materials of long-term researches of authors. Results are of interest for a wide range of experts in the field of preservation of the environment, ecological monitoring, ecological safety; the engineering and special services which are carrying out the ecological control of harmful manufactures, can serve as a methodical management for training and preparation of students and the personnel.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2008;(3):104-111
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The forecast of uranium migration in artificial soil, underlaying dreg and subsoil waters on one of the enterprises of nuclear branch
Nosko I.V.
Abstract
The research has been done in order to study the migration of the uranium which is being highly concentrated in artificial soil and an estimation of possible ecological consequences.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2008;(3):112-115
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The total of law-enforcement practice to law «of the ecologicalinformation»
Volkov K.V.
Abstract
In article aspects law-enforcement policy of Germany from the moment of the edition of the law in 1994 and till today are considered. The law edition was preceded by stage nig reconcile working and correction of mistakes, considerable experience of lawmaking and practical application which will be useful at creation of similar legislative norms in Russia as a result is stored. In article aspects both standard and financial regulation of access to the ecological information are reflected.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2008;(3):116-122
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