No S5 (2013)

Cover Page
Articles
Fluorescence analysis of chlorophyll as an indicator of physiological state of trees in various pollution conditions of Moscow
Orekhov D.I., Kalabin G.A.
Abstract
In the article are considered the study of fundamental changes in the parameters of fluorescence of the photosynthetic apparatus of trees (birch, linden, thuja, fir), in different conditions of pollution in the Moscow. The content of article focuses on the monitoring of stress in the different environments and uses analysis by JIP-test, the light curves and non-photochemical quenching, etc. The content of this article will demonstrate the possibility of the technique and will hopefully encourage the development of new uses that are not reported in other articles.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(S5):5-17
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Level of psychophysiological adaptation of students at the initial stage of training in system of the higher education
Glebov V.V.
Abstract
Research work on studying of level of psychophysiological adaptation of students of first-year students of different specialties is carried out. On selection of 139 students the mental, psycho-emotional condition and a condition of cardiovascular system of students of the Russian university of friendship of the people was studied. Results of research testify that psycho - the emotional pressure of students of the first year of different faculties, is shown both on mental, and on psychophysiological levels. At psychophysiological level of change are observed in changes of parameters of a cardiorhythm which are most brightly expressed at the end of the academic year.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(S5):18-22
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Level of professional health of the staff higher education institution in the conditions of the capital megalopolis
Dmitrieva N.Y.
Abstract
Results of research on the basis of the Lomonosov Moscow State University and the on identification Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia of the factors making negative impact on a psycho-emotional condition of staff of higher education institutions (teachers, accountants, programmers) are given. The group (accountants) where the condition of psychosomatic health is at a low level is revealed.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(S5):23-27
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Self-determination as professional performance criteria of professional growth
Kachanovetskaya N.I.
Abstract
This article analyzes the position of researchers that investigates problems of professional self-determination in the process of professional development. It can be noted that in the process of professional development before a person is constantly having problems, requiring a definition of its relation to the professions, sometimes analysis and reflection of their own professional achievements, the decision about choosing a career or changing, updating and correction of career decisions of other professionally-related issues. The entire complex of problems explain the concept of professional self-determination.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(S5):28-31
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Professional personal development: multi-activity approach
Kuznetsov D.I.
Abstract
The article explains the relevance of multi- activity approach in psychology, identified the problems of this approach, including a shortage of methods for studying the system of activities, summarizes the results of studies using the author's method of studying the system of activities. Put forward a hypothesis about the impact of non-professional activities on the development of professional personality and professional activities.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(S5):32-36
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Levels of brainwork workers’ professional adaptation and some approaches on their improvement
Dmitrieva N.Y.
Abstract
Own results of research on a condition of brainwork workers’ professional adaptation are presented in article. The general selection of research made 172 employees who represented different professional groups: lectures, staff of financial and information services of three higher education institutions of Moscow and Yelets. The analysis of the obtained data revealed low level of adaptation processes at the staff of financial services. Teachers of universities showed the average level of adaptability. The best results on adaptedness level in the professional sphere it was noted at employees of information services. Proceeding from the received results, some preventive and correctional approaches for improvement of adaptation processes among workers of brainwork are offered.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(S5):37-41
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Respiratory and meditative exercises in human adaptive processes
Tseng Tian -.
Abstract
In article the question of the organization of effective technologies of respiratory and meditative exercises with students of a higher educational institution is brought up. The received results of own researches about various effects of influence are given at combined and separate practice of respiratory and meditative exercises. The conclusion about significant impact on an organism of the student of sharing of respiratory and meditative exercises is drawn.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(S5):42-46
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Ways of the assessment and increase of stress resistance level
Pitkevich M.Y.
Abstract
In article the scientific review on ways of an assessment and increase of level of a resistance to stress is submitted. It is shown in particular that more than 50% of death of the person at the present stage it is connected with defeat of cardiovascular system which sensitively reacts to a complex of factors of environment. Some methods which are used widely in practice on decrease in influence a stress of factors and stress resistance increase are shown.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(S5):47-52
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Psychological defense and academic achievement within pupils
Negrii V.A.
Abstract
The present article is devoted to the issue of correlation between scholars’ academic achievement and defense mechanisms. A proprietary diagnostic technique of defense mechanisms is described. The application scope of the method is shown: diagnostics of senior pupils' defense mechanisms. The relationship between pupils’ academic achievement and defense mechanisms is analyzed.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(S5):53-57
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Features of professional adaptation of the post-graduate student depending on education form
Moiseyeva O.A.
Abstract
In offered article rises difficulties of professional adaptation and employment of postgraduates of higher education institutions depending on form of education. Theoretical bases of research of this perspective are given. Initial concepts of human adaptation are shown. The problem of motivation of the personality to educational activity, and as specific typological features of the person is described.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(S5):58-63
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Stress and resistance to stress of students
Kuryasev I.A.
Abstract
Concepts of a stress and resistance to stress are considered. The review of researches in the field of studying of a stress and methods of increase of a resistance to stress of students of higher educational institutions is carried out, and also the actual directions of research in these areas are defined.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(S5):64-67
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Level of health and physical development of schoolboys in the different ecological condition of the territory of Moscow
Laver B.I., Glebov V.V.
Abstract
Research work on studying a state of health and psychophysical development of schoolboys of Moscow in the conditions of different level of technogenic environmental pollution is carried out. On selection of 415 pupils it is revealed that the most expressed negative effect of the increased anthropogenesis environmental pollution is shown in change of indicators of function of external breath. Results of the analysis of hemodynamic indicators of the schoolboys showed negative influence of technogenic pollution of atmospheric air on a functional condition of cardiovascular system as one of leading physiological systems of adaptation. It is noted that during functional test diastonic and hypotonic types of reaction of cardiovascular system arose at schoolgirls of ecologically unsuccessful district of Moscow (South-East) more often.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(S5):68-73
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Formation of practical skills in the period of summer practice of students of the Department of human ecology
Toptygin M.S., Glebov V.V.
Abstract
Information on summer practice of students of ecological faculty of the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia is provided in article. The description of the instrument base used by students during a practical training is given.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(S5):74-79
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Condition of the water and drinking mode of the town of Yelets
Solovyeva E.A.
Abstract
In an article are submitted data on monitoring of a water condition and drinking mode of the city of Yelets. The short epidemiological characteristic on incidence of digestive organs of urban population is given. Are submitted data on quality of waters of springs and the city rivers. Research of a condition of physical and chemical properties and the content of heavy metals of the rivers and springs of the city are characterized by acceptable risk as concerning development of cancerogenic, and not cancerogenic effects.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(S5):80-83
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Some aspects of the standardization of pollutants in soil
Nikitina A.V., Zhatkina T.S., Kurbatova A.I.
Abstract
There are considered Russian and foreign valuation experience of pollutants in soils. Actuality of the topic is that the soil plays an important role in the natural habitat of human. First of all, the soil is the main means of agricultural production, referring to the category of non-renewable natural resources.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(S5):84-89
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The eco-social problems of the Bangladesh’ republic development
Alam Md Shamsher -.
Abstract
Article is devoted what socially to country development. Difficulties, which faced the republic of Bangladesh on the way of the development, are shown. Some statistical data on the basic ecological and to socio-economic indexes of development of a state are provided.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(S5):90-95
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Ecological and economical status of Vietnam nowadays
Nguyen Vu Hoang Phuong -., Cernyshov V.I.
Abstract
The analysis of the basic ecological-economic problems is given. It is shown that the open foreign policy ensured the possibility of a wide access to the global and regional markets. The rational organization of environmental management and the application of advanced technology are crucial to a change in environmental quality in Vietnam.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(S5):96-101
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Environmental and socio-economic aspects of the construction and the operation of the Chad-Cameroon
N’zadi N’guiesseu Fromelle Gaelle -., Cernyshov V.I.
Abstract
In this paper, we look into the goals and objectives of the project construction and exploitation of the oil pipeline Chad - Cameroon through the territory of Cameroon. The main focus is on aspects of ecological risks due to the exploitation of the oil pipeline. Social and economic characteristics of this project are studied.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(S5):102-107
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Modern problems of monitoring space debris
Shpakovich A.V., Konstantinovskaya L.V., Shchemelinina M.S.
Abstract
The article discusses the main problems which scientists face in observing the space debris in Earth orbits, identifies the main disadvantages of the monitoring and need for more radical measures to solve the problem of the space debris.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(S5):108-114
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Analysis of modern radioecological forests Bryansk region
Schemelinina M.S., Shpakovich A.V.
Abstract
The results of studying the distribution of Cs-137 concentrations in soils of forest ecosystems on the example of a number of districts of the Bryansk region and assessed the state of the radiation area.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(S5):115-121
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Our authors
- -.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2013;(S5):122-124
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