Comparative assessment of municipal solid waste management system in Belarus, Russia and Kazakhstan

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Abstract


Issue of the municipal solid waste management is a very urgent problem of the environmental governance in the countries with different level of economic and social development. The aim of the current research is an assessment of the municipal solid waste management systems in Belarus, Russia and Kazakhstan based on the BiPRO approach. The common problems of Kazakhstan, Russia and Belarus are the absence of the ban for landfilling fixed in the normative documents; landfilling as a main way of the waste treatment; the significant amount of the biodegradable waste located at the dumps; incomplete coverage of population by formal system of the waste collection; underdeveloped capacity of recycling plants; the lack of effective forecasting and planning work in the waste management sphere. The result of the assessment is comparable with the results for countries EU from the third group with the lowest scores for the waste management system - Latvia, Cyprus, Romania, Lithuania, Malta, Bulgaria and Greece. The improvement of the waste management systems in the analysed countries should be associated with improving legislation, tariff policy, current institutions, their rights and responsibilities.


About the authors

Anna Yurievna Skryhan

State institution of higher professional education “Belarusian-Russian University”

Author for correspondence.
Email: skrigan_anna@tut.by
Mira Ave., 43, office 239, Mogilev, Republic Belarus, 212000

candidate of geographical sciences, associate professor of the department “Life safety”

Irina Vladimirovna Shilova

State institution of higher professional education “Belarusian-Russian University”

Email: irina.schilova@tut.by
Mira Ave., 43, office 239, Mogilev, Republic Belarus, 212000

candidate of technical sciences, senior lecturer of the department “Life safety”

Irina Sergeevna Melnikava

State institution of higher professional education “Belarusian-Russian University”

Email: rin_m@mail.ru
Mira Ave., 43, office 239, Mogilev, Republic Belarus, 212000

senior teacher of the department “Motor highways”

Alexander Vasilievich Shchur

State institution of higher professional education “Belarusian-Russian University”

Email: shchur@yandex.ru
Mira Ave., 43, office 239, Mogilev, Republic Belarus, 212000

Doctor of Biological Sciences, Head of the Department “Life Safety”

References

  1. BiPRO: Screening of waste management performance of EU Member States. Report submitted under the EC project “Support to Member States in improving waste management based on assessment of Member States’ performance”. Report prepared for the European Commission, DG ENV, July 2012. 49 р.
  2. Council Directive 1999/31/EC of 26 April 1999 on the landfill of waste. Available at: http://eurlex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:31999L0031
  3. Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste and repealing certain Directives. Available at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ TXT/?uri=CELEX:32008L0098
  4. Concept on management of solid municipal waste and secondary raw materials, approved by the Order of the Ministry of housing utilities of the Republic of Belarus № 78 from 07.07.2014.
  5. Integrated strategy on municipal solid waste management in Russian Federation, approved by the Order of the Ministry of natural resources and environment of Russian Federation № 298 from 14.08.2013.
  6. Program of modernization of the municipal solid waste management system for 2014—2050, approved by the Decree of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan № 634 from 09.06.2014.

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Copyright (c) 2017 Skryhan A.Y., Shilova I.V., Melnikava I.S., Shchur A.V.

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