ABOUT ENS URING ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY OF WATER RESERVOIRS OF ECONOMIC-DRINK PURPOSE OF OIL-FARMING OF ORENBURG REGION

Cover Page

Abstract


In the oil and gas bearing areas of the Buzuluk depression with water resources deficiency and the development of environmental pollution (OC) processes, zones of groundwater concentration have been identified, both in the upper and lower hydrodynamic floors, in order to ensure water and environmental safety of the region, and oil fields - technical water for systems Maintaining reservoir pressure. We have established that the zones of concentration of fresh groundwater are gravitating toward riverine areas and are practically absent in their parts. They are vulnerable to pollution, and they can be used as indicators of the state of the OS. To protect water resources from pollution, it is recommended to place the projected engineering infrastructure, taking into account the scheme of typing the territory for protection against pollution, built by us. To protect groundwater from pollution, barrier technologies should be used, a number of which have been developed by the authors. Our geological-geophysical and neotectonic analysis of hydrogeological materials made it possible to identify the zones of concentration of brines and saline waters, which it is advisable to replace fresh water in the systems of maintaining reservoir pressure. For the same purpose, it is necessary to utilize wastewater from oilfields that can not be effectively cleaned. The proposed set of measures will increase the level of environmental safety of the oil producing regions of the Orenburg region and with the same purpose can be used in other similar regions.


A Ya Gayev

Principal contact for editorial correspondence.
gayev@mail.ru
Orenburg Scientific Center of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy; Orenburg State University Pionerskaya str., 11, Orenburg, Russia, 460000; Ave. Pobedy, 13, Orenburg, Russia, 460018

Gaev Arkady Yakovlevich - Doctor of Geology and Mineralogy. Professor, Academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences and the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Professor of the Orenburg (OSU) and Perm State Universities, Leading Researcher of the USC of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Director of the Institute of Ecological Problems of the Hydrosphere, Editor-in-Chief of the Interuniversity Collection “Hydrogeology and Karstology”.

E B Savilova

savilova-2006@yandex.ru
Orenburg State University Ave. Pobedy, 13, Orenburg, Russia, 460018

Savilova Elena Borisovna - postgraduate student of the Department of Geology of the OSU, researcher at the Institute of Environmental Problems of Hydrosphere at the Orenburg State University.

  • Gayev A.Ya., Savilova E.B., Malikova O.N. Osobennosti gidrosfery neftegazonosnoi Buzulukskoi vpadiny Orenburzh’ya / Vestnik Permskogo un-ta Geologiya. 2016. Vyp. 4 (33). S. 18—25. (In Russ).
  • Donetskova A.A., Kleimenova I.E., Belikova N.G. Otsenka ekologicheskogo sostoyaniya okruzhayushchei prirodnoi sredy pered nachalom namechaemoi deyatel’nosti. (Conference proceedigs) VII Vseros. nauchn.-tekhn. konf. «Aktual’nye problemy sostoyaniya i razvitiya neftegazovogo kompleksa Rossii». M.: RGU nefti i gaza im. I.M. Gubkina, 2007. S. 460—461. (In Russ).
  • Ekologicheskie osnovy vodokhozyaistvennoi deyatel›nosti (na primere Orenburgskoi oblasti i sopredel›nykh raionov) / A.Ya. Gayev, I.N. Alferov, V.G. Gatskov, I.E. Kleimenova, V.P. Nagornov, [i dr.]; pod red. A.Ya. Gaeva. Permskii un-t i dr. Perm›; Orenburg, 2007. 327 s. (In Russ).
  • Kliment’ev A.I. Pochvenno-ekologicheskie osnovy stepnogo zemlepol’zovaniya (erozionnye protsessy, monitoring erodirovannykh pochv, landshaftnaya adaptatsiya sistem zemledeliya Orenburgskoi oblasti). Ekaterinburg: UrO RAN, 1997. 247 s. (In Russ).
  • Savilova E.B. Kharakteristika vod zony aktivnogo vodoobmena neftegazonosnykh raionov Buzulukskoi vpadiny / Savilova E.B. Mat. III-i vserossiiskoi nauchnoi konferentsii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem (k 90-letiyu A.A. Kartseva). Moscow: GEOS, 2015. S. 92—96. (In Russ).
  • Chibilev A.A. Bassein Urala: istoriya, geografiya, ekologiya. Ekaterinburg: UrO RAN, 2008. 312 s. (In Russ).
  • SanPiN 2.2.1/2.1.1.1200—03. Sanitarno-zashchitnye zony i sanitarnaya klassifikatsiya predpriyatii, sooruzhenii i inykh ob»ektov». (In Russ).

Views

Abstract - 23

PDF (Russian) - 7


Copyright (c) 2017 Gayev A.Y., Savilova E.B.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.