FACTORS OF ACCUMULATION AND DEPLETION OF HEAVY METALS AND METALLOIDS IN DANDELION LEAVES IN MOSCOW

Cover Page

Abstract


The aim of the study is to evaluate the landscape and technogenic factors of the formation of biogeochemical anomalies of As, Cd, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Pb, Sb and Zn in the leaves of dandelion (Taraxacum officinale). The plants of the municipal districts of Sokolinaya Gora, Perovo, Ivanovo, Novogireevo, Veshnyaki, Novokosino and Kosino-Ukhtomsky of the Eastern Administrative District of Moscow were studied. Concentrations of heavy metals and metalloids (HM) in washed plant samples were determined by atomic absorption method. The biogeochemical specialization of dandelion leaves in the city relatively to the background landscapes is following: Mo13,5Cd4,8Pb4,5Fe4,5As3,5Sb3,0Cu1,3. Technogenic and landscape factors of accumulation and depletion of HM in leaves are determined by tree-based models in the SPLUS software. The most significant factors are the physical and chemical properties of soils. However some other landscape factors could also influence, for example soil flooding for Pb, landscape and geochemical position for Mn, Fe. Technogenic factors that could influence on HM distribution are functional zoning (Cu, Cd, Zn), atmospheric deposition of HM - Fe, Cd, Mo, vehicle emissions - Pb, Fe.


D V Vlasov

Principal contact for editorial correspondence.
vlasgeo@yandex.ru
Lomonosov Moscow State University Leninskie Gory, 1, Moscow, Russia, 119991

Vlasov Dmitriy Valentinovich - Candidate of Geographical Sciences, Research Associate, Department of Geochemistry of Landscapes and Geography of Soils, Faculty of Geography, Lomonosov Moscow State University.

  • Kabata-Pendias A. Trace elements in soils and plants. 4th ed. Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press; 2011. doi: 10.1201/b10158.
  • Lepneva О.М., Obukhov A.I. Tyazhelye metally v pochvakh i rasteniyakh territorii Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 17. Pochvovedenie. 1987; 1: 36—43. (In Russ).
  • Massa N., Andreucci F., Poli M., Aceto M., Barbato R., Berta G. Screening for heavy metal accumulators amongst autochtonous plants in a polluted site in Italy. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 2010; 73(8): 1988—1997. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2010.08.032.
  • Malizia D., Giuliano A., Ortaggi G., Masotti A. Common plants as alternative analytical tools to monitor heavy metals in soil. Chemistry Central Journal. 2012; 6(2): S6. doi: 10.1186/1752-153x-6-s2-s6.
  • Kasimov N.S., editor. Ekogeokhimiya gorodskikh landshaftov. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo Moskovskogo universiteta, 1995. (In Russ).
  • Novikova O.V., Kosheleva N.E. Ekologo-geokhimicheskaya otsenka sostoyaniya drevesnoi rastitel’nosti g. Kito (Ekvador). Vestnik Moskovskogo Unviersiteta. Seria Geografiya. 2007; 6: 43—48. (In Russ).
  • Rucandio M.I., Petit-Dominguez M.D., Fidalgo-Hijano C., Garcia-Gimenez R. Biomonitoring of chemical elements in an urban environment using arboreal and bush plant species. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2011; 18(1): 51—63. doi: 10.1007/s11356-010-0350-y.
  • Hu Y., Wang D., Wei L., Zhang X., Song B. Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in plant leaves from Yan’an city of the Loess Plateau, China. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 2014; 110: 82—88. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2014.08.021.
  • Samaev S.B. Otsenka ekologo-geokhimicheskogo sostoyaniya zon s vysokoi antropogennoi nagruzkoi (Moskovskii region) [dissertation]. Moscow, 2004. (In Russ).
  • Kosheleva N.E., Makarova M.G., Novikova O.V. Heavy metals in the foliage of deciduous species in urban landscapes. Vestnik Moskovskogo Unviersiteta. Seria Geografiya. 2005; 3: 74—81. (In Russ).
  • Nikiforova E.M., Lazukova G.G. Geokhimicheskaya otsenka zagryazneniya tyazhelymi metallami pochv i rastenii gorodskikh ekosistem Perovskogo raiona Moskvy. Vestnik Moskovskogo Unviersiteta. Seria Geografiya. 1991; 3: 44—53. (In Russ).
  • Kasimov N.S., Vlasov D.V., Kosheleva N.E., Nikiforova E.M. Geokhimiya landshaftov Vostochnoi Moskvy. Moscow: APR, 2016. (In Russ).
  • Orlov D.S., Sadovnikova L.K., Lozanovskaya I.N. Ekologiya i okhrana biosfery pri khimicheskom zagryaznenii. Moscow: Vysshaya shkola, 2002. (In Russ).
  • Wӧsten J.H.M., Pachepsky Ya.A., Rawls W.J. Pedotransfer functions: bridging the gap between available basic soils data and missing soil hydraulic characteristics. Journal of Hydrology. 2001; 251(3–4): 123—150. doi: 10.1016/s0022-1694(01)00464-4.
  • Kosheleva N.E., Kasimov N.S., Vlasov D.V. Factors of the accumulation of heavy metals and metalloids at geochemical barriers in urban soils. Eurasian Soil Science. 2015; 48(5): 476—492. doi: 10.1134/S1064229315050038.
  • Kasimov N.S., Nikiforova E.M., Kosheleva N.E., Khaybrakhmanov T.S. Geoinformation landscape and geochemical mapping of city territories (the case of Eastern District of Moscow) 1. Cartographic support. Geoinformatika. 2012; 4: 37—45. (In Russ).

Views

Abstract - 33

PDF (Russian) - 10


Copyright (c) 2017 Vlasov D.V.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.