Productivity and quality of grain modern varieties Iraq in the conditions non-black land russian Federation

Abstract


Wheat - One of the main crops on the world. In Iraq - one of the traditional centers of cultivation of this crop, reducing its productivity observed in the last years. This requires astudy in the country’s for variety of resources to assess the possibility and expediency of their further inclusion in the selection process. In this regard, the study of these varieties in different soil and climatic conditions (Non-black land of Russia) possible to establish the variability of the main elements of plant productivity and determine the level of gluten content and quality as the main factor, determining baking properties of varieties. In the aggregate the quantitative characteristics of the productivity of all elements of Iraqi nine varieties of soft wheat with their reproduction in the conditions of the Non-black land of Russia belong to the category of productive varieties. However, the results of a comparative study of nine soft wheat varieties do not give grounds for selection of varieties on the basis of the characteristics of the elements of productivity in relation to minor differences of these characteristics, and also in relationship with presence of compensation effect of productivity during formation elements, when at intensive formation of the elements the previous stage of organogenesis reduced quantitative characteristics of the element, which is formed in the subsequent period of organogenesis. Considerable variety of Iraqi varieties on the content and quality of gluten. Seven varieties soft wheat from nine distinguished gluten (from 28.6% to 35.3%). Among them are the three varieties combine this property with high quality gluten (Fatih Al-Rashid and Tammuz-3). Distinguished also introduced two varieties of selection “Ibaa” Center for Agricultural Research low-gluten content Ibaa-95 (25.6%) and Ibaa-99 (22.1%), which is obviously related to the national characteristics of consumer requirements to the grain.


Al-Azawi Nagham Majeed

semenov_og@rudn.university
<p>Peoples&rsquo; Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)</p>

Miklukho-Maklay str., 8/9, Moscow, Russia, 117198

O G Semenov

semenov_og@rudn.university
<p>Peoples&rsquo; Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)</p>

Miklukho-Maklay str., 8/9, Moscow, Russia, 117198

A A Terekhin

terekhin_aa@rudn.university
<p>Peoples&rsquo; Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)</p>

Miklukho-Maklay str., 8/9, Moscow, Russia, 117198

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